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Volcanoes of Baja California, NW Mexico & Mexican Islands (16 volcanoes)

Cerro Prieto | Pinacate | San Quintin | Isla San Luis | Jaraguay | Coronado | Guadaloupe | San Borja | unnamed | El Aguajito | Tres Virgenes | Isla Tortuga | Punta Pulpito | Comondu-La Purisima | Bárcena | Socorro
Cerro Prieto
(lava dome)
Cerro Prieto volcano is a small dacitic lava dome in the Cerro Prieto geothermal field at the northern end of the Gulf of California, 33 km south of Mexicali at the Mexican border or 175 km SE of San Diego. [more]

Pinacate
(cinder cones)
Pinacate volcano is a young volcanic field of maars, tuff rings, more than 500 basaltic cinder cones in the Sonoran desert in NW Mexico, a nearly unpopulated region between Arizona and the Gulf of California. The field covers an area of about 60 x 55 km and has been active less t... [more]

San Quintin
(cinder cones)
San Quintín volcano is a volcanic field on the west coast of Baja California, Mexico, and consists of 11 young cinder cones near San Quinton Bay, the Isla San Martin 5 km offshore, and Monte Mazo. [more]

Isla San Luis
(tuff cone)
Isla San Luis volcano forms the largest of the 7 Encantada islands in the northern part of the Gulf of California, about 3 km offshore. It is 4.5 sq km large and consists of a 180 m high cone with a narrow peninsula on the SW end.
It is not known when the volcano last erup... [more]

Jaraguay
(volcanic field)
Jaraguay volcano is a volcanic field located between Jaraguay and Arroyo San José on the western side of Baja California, Mexico. It contains cinder cones and associated basaltic and basaltic-andesite lava flows, some of which are probably less than about 5000 years old. [more]

Coronado
(stratovolcano)
Coronado volcano is a small stratovolcano in the Gulf of California. It forms a 2 km wide peninsula at the northern tip of Coronado Island, 3 km off the eastern coast of Baja California in the Canal de los Ballenas.
The roughly 440-m-high volcano contains a 300 x 160 m wid... [more]

Guadaloupe
(shield volcano)
Guadalupe volcano is a mostly submerged volcano that forms the island of the same name 250 km west off the coast of Baja California. The volcano was built on the old axis of an ancient spreading center and consists of 2 overlapping shields, the southern of which is the older. more]

San Borja
(volcanic field)
San Borja volcano, also known as El Rosarito, is a volcanic field in central Baja California NE of the Vizcaino Peninsula. There are young cinder cones and lava flows near Rosarito and Morro San Domingo at the western end of the field and along the coast north of the Vizcaino Pen... [more]

unnamed
(submarine volcano)
A possible submarine eruption occurred on or before 20 July 1953 off the western coast of Baja California from an unknown submarine volcano.
The report came from sailors on fishing boats who observed great numbers of dead fish and mud bubbling up at sea 2 km from San Crist... [more]

El Aguajito
(caldera)
El Aguajito volcano (also known as Santa Ana caldera) is a large 10 km wide caldera at the coast of the Gulf of California, northwest of the older La Reforma caldera. The caldera formed during massive eruptions about 7600,000 years ago in what would be called a super-volcano erup... [more]

Tres Virgenes
(stratovolcanoes)
Tres Vírgenes volcano is a complex of 3 stratovolcanoes, El Viejo, El Azufre, and La Virgen, in east-central Baja California and the only larger volcano on the peninsula.
Possible eruptions occurred in 1746 and 1857.
A geothermal plant is located at the northern end ... [more]

Isla Tortuga
(shield volcano)
Isla Tortuga volcano is a young basaltic shield volcano that forms the small 4 km wide island of the same name located 40 km off the Baja coast in the Gulf of California.
The volcano has a circular summit caldera, about 100 m deep, containing a frozen lava and several cind... [more]

Punta Pulpito
(lava dome)
Punta Púlpito volcano is a lava dome which formed about 500,000 years ago on a small peninsula at the Gulf of California east of the southern tip of Bahía Concepción.
It is included in the catalogue of potentially active volcanoes because it still has an active geothermal ... [more]

Comondu-La Purisima
(volcanic field)
Comondú-La Purísima volcano is a volcanic field of about 9000 sq km in southern Baja California, west of the Sierra de la Giganta.
Volcanic activity of La Purısima dates back about 10 million years ago, but might have continued into the Holocene (i.e. less than 10,000 years... [more]

Bárcena
(Cinder cones)
Bárcena volcano here from the SW in March 1955. The tuff cone with the circular summit crater containing a lava dome, and the lava delta to the right formed during the 1952-53 eruption. Photo by Adrian Richards, 1955 (U.S. Navy Hydrographic Office).Barcena volcano forms the southern part and most significant feature of Isla San Benedicto, the 3rd largest and north-easternmost of the 4 Islas Revillagigedo islands about 350 km south of Cabo San Lucas, Baja California.
The volcano formed by eruptions during 1952-53 and c... [more]

Socorro
(shield volcano)
Socorro volcano forms the SE-most of the Revillagigedo Islands south of Baja California. It is the summit of a very active, large, mostly submarine basaltic shield volcano. Its summit is capped by a largely buried, 4.5 x 3.8-km-wide summit caldera.
A submarine eruption occu... [more]

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