Volcano news & eruption updates: Barren Island
Tuesday, Feb 04, 2014
Monday, Dec 23, 2013
Sunday, Dec 15, 2013
Thursday, Oct 17, 2013
Eruptive activity continues. An ash plume was spotted on satellite imagery this morning rising to 12,000 ft (3.6 km) and drifting 15 nautical miles to the NW (VAAC Darwin).
Wednesday, Oct 16, 2013
A new eruption occurred this week. This was confirmed by the Indian Navy (via twitter) who reported "smoke" and lava seen on the island from a surveillance plane. A large hot spot is visible on recent MODIS satellite data on the remote volcanic island, located in the Andaman Islands archipelago. ...more [read all]
Terra satellite image from yesterday showing Barren Island with what might be a small eruption plume (NASA)
Sunday, Feb 17, 2013
A new eruption seems to have started. An ash plume rising to 20,000 ft (6 km) altitude and drifting 120 nautical miles to the SW was reported last night by VAAC Darwin. The aviation color code was raised to RED.
Thursday, Jan 15, 2009
Satellite imagery reported that during 7-8 and 10-11 January ash plumes from Barren Island were seen.
Friday, Nov 21, 2008
A pilot reported a lava flow on Barren island on 17 November and also a ash plume was seen.
Thursday, Feb 15, 2007
Based on satellite imagery, the Darwin VAAC reported that an ash plume from Barren Island reached an altitude of 3 km (10,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SW on 8 February.
Thursday, Oct 26, 2006
Based on pilot observations, the Darwin VAAC reported that ash-and-steam plumes from Barren Island on 19 and 20 October reached altitudes of 1.5 km (5,000 ft)a.s.l. and drifted WNW.
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Background:Barren Island, a possession of India in the Andaman Sea about 135 km NE of Port Blair in the Andaman Islands, is the only historically active volcano along the N-S-trending volcanic arc extending between Sumatra and Burma (Myanmar). The 354-m-high island is the emergent summit of a volcano that rises from a depth of about 2250 m. The small, uninhabited 3-km-wide island contains a roughly 2-km-wide caldera with walls 250-350 m high. The caldera, which is open to the sea on the west, was created during a major explosive eruption in the late Pleistocene that produced pyroclastic-flow and -surge deposits. The morphology of a fresh pyroclastic cone that was constructed in the center of the caldera has varied during the course of historical eruptions. Lava flows fill much of the caldera floor and have reached the sea along the western coast during eruptions in the 19th century and more recently in 1991 and 1995.
Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institution