Leizhou Bandao VulkanLeizhou Bandao volcano is a volcanic field on the Leizhou peninsula 480 km SW of Hong Kong, across the Qiongzhou strait north of Hainan Dao Island.
The field contains a group of Policene-Holocene cinder cones and the basaltic
Yingfengling and Tianyang volcanoes, which are 15 km apart and located in the center of the Leizhou Peninsula.
Beschreibung:The Leizhou Bandao volcanic field forms the northern part of the Qionglei volcano group (also known as the Leiqiong volcanic field), a 7300 sq km basaltic-to-basanitic plateau that covers the southern Leizhou (Liuchow) Peninsula and extends across a broad area of northern Hainan Dao.
Volcanism on the peninsula was caused by E-W tectonic extension and thinning of the lithosphere, in connection with the opening of the South China Sea Basin.
Yingfengling and Tianyang are 2 Pleistocene stratovolcanoes that contain large amounts of mantle xenoliths.
Another area of Pleistocene-Holocene volcanism lies at the the northern end of the peninsula west of Zhanjiang City.
(Source: Smithsonian / GVP)