Der massive Gunung Awu Stratovulkan befindet sich in das nördliche Ende des Great Sangihe Island, der größten der Sangihe-Bogen. Tiefe Täler, die Durchgänge für Lahars bilden sezieren die Flanken des Vulkans 1320 m hohen, die innerhalb einer Caldera 4.5 km Breite gebaut wurde. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Jailolo stratovolcano is in the center of a volcanic complex forming a peninsula west of Jailolo Bay on the western coast of Halmahera Island. Jailolo stratovolcano has not erupted in historic times, but there are young lava flows on the eastern flank. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Jaraguay volcano is a volcanic field located between Jaraguay and Arroyo San José on the western side of Baja California, Mexico. It contains cinder cones and associated basaltic and basaltic-andesite lava flows, some of which are probably less than about 5000 years old. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Jebel al-Tair ("bird mountain") volcano is the northernmost active volcano rising above sea level on the rift axis of the south-central part of the Red Sea.
Its western spelling varies from Jebel at Tair to Jebel al Tair, Djebel Teyr, Jabal al Tayr,, Jibbel Tir and other variants.
Jebel al Tair's activity is mainly effusive, but explosive eruptions or explosive phases at the beginning of effusive eruptions occur as well and have produced ash and pumice layers. The first historically recorded eruptions were explosive eruptions (which are easier to detect) in the 18th century. Jebel al Tair's last eruption was in 2007-2008 and killed 8 soldiers and destroyed a military base on the island. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Jebel Zubair volcano is a shield volcano forming the island of the same name in the Red Sea. Measuring 5 km in length, it is the largest of a group of 10 small volcanic islands and shoals known as the Zubair archipelago, which includes the Zubair, Centre Peak, Saba, and Haycock islands.
A new eruption in Dec 2011 was first reported on 19 Dec 2011. The eruption lasted until mid January 2012 and produced a new island immediately NW of Rugged Island. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Mt Jefferson volcano, one of the lesser known Cascade volcanoes, is the second highest mountain in Oregon. Although it is deeply eroded and has probably not erupted for at least about 1000 years, it is still considered active. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Jingbo volcano (also known as Cingpo, Ching-pe, Chingpohu, or Jingbohu) is a young volcanic field in the Jingbo (or Jingpo) Lake area in NE China about 80 km SW of Mudanjiang city. The area is also known as the "Crater Forest" and "Frog Pool" areas.
The volcanic field contains cones and lava flows on top of plateaus above the Mudan River (Mudanjiang). The scenic Jingbohu lake ("Mirror Lake"), a major tourist attraction in the region, formed when lava flows blocked the Mudan River. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Jolo volcano is a group of young cinder cones and explosion craters on the 60-km-wide Jolo Island located off the Zamboanga Peninsula on SW Mindanao Island in the southern Philippines 190 km NE of Sabah, Malaysia.
It is part of the Sulu arc and contains several young volcanic vents, including Mt. Dakula near Lake Panamo, the probably youngest cone of the island, Tumatangus volcano, at 811 m the highest point of the island, Bud Dajo (or Buddajo), a young basaltic cinder cone (620 m), and the cones of Matanding, Guimba, and Sungal.
Although not much sign of activity was detected during a survey in 1990, the last volcanic activity probably took place as recently as in 1897, when a submarine eruption accompanied by a tsunami was reported on 21 September. This activity most likely took place al Lake Seit, where a still active solfatara is found.
Hot springs also occur at the craters on Cagayan Sulu.
A reported eruption in 1641 most likely was the eruption of Parker volcano on Mindanao instead. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Jordan Craters in SE Oregon is a field of well-preserved basaltic lava flows and scoria cones covering 250 sq km. The last eruption took place at Coffeepot Crater at the NW end of the lava field about 3200 years ago and produced a lava flow covering 75 square km and containing 1.6 km3 of olivine-bearing basaltic pahoehoe lava. The flows dammed local river valley, forming the two small Upper and Lower Cow Lakes at the SE end of the lava field.
Jordan Craters is known for its excellent exposures of a wide variety of lava flow features similar to Idaho's Snake River Plain to the east. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Kadovar volcano forms the tiny 2 km wide Kadovar Island, one of the Schouten Islands. It is located 25 km north of the mouth of the Sepik River on New Guinea.
The island is the submerged peak of a stratovolcano at the western end of the 1000 km long Bismarck volcanic arc.
Kadovar contains a 1 km wide breached crater, and the village of Gewai is perched on the crater rim. There are no certain eruptions in historic time, but an increase in thermal activity occurred in 1976. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Kaikata Seamount is a basaltic-to-dacitic submarine volcano north of Kaitoku Seamount in the Japanese Volcano Islands. Kaitaka mountain rises 2350 m from the sea floor to within 162 m of the sea surface. It has 2 major summit peaks oriented NE-SW, with the SW peak being the highest. Hydrothermal activity was observed in 1988 at a depth of 460 m, and the volcano was reclassified as active by the Japan Meteorological Agency.
Kaikohe-Bay of Islands volcano is a volcanic field at the upper end of the Northland Peninsula about 190 km NNW of Auckland. It contains about 30 craters and vents, mainly basaltic cinder cones, small shield volcanoes and lava plateaus.
The last eruptions occurred about 1500 years ago and formed the 4 well-preserved scoria cones and lava flows at Te Puke. Hot springs occur at 3 locations, including near Lake Omapere, which was dammed by lava flows. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Kaitoku volcano (Kaitoku Kaizan) is a massive active seamount composed of 3 overlapping submarine volcanoes in the Japanese Volcano Islands chain, 130 km NW of Iwo-jima Island.
Its 3 peaks are 13-18 km apart and reach depths of 103 m (SW peak, also known as Nishi-Kaitokuba, West Kaitokuba), 353 m (SE peak, Higashi-Kaitokuba, East Kaitokuba), and 506 m (N peak).
Kalatungan volcano (also known as Catatungan), is the second highest volcano in the Philippines and located 47 km east of Lake Lana on Mindanao Island.
The dominantly basaltic volcano forms a broad E-W trending ridge. The age of its last activity is unknown.
Eine Kaldera entsteht, wenn nach einer größeren Eruption eine Magmakammer entleert wurde und einstürzt. Dabei kann ein großer - oft wassergefüllter - Kessel (=Kaldera) entstehen. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Kana Keoki is an active submarine volcano in the Western Solomons, located 26 km SW of Rendova Island.
Studies from the 1960s have shown that the dacitic volcano is an active volcano, that forms a 3000 m high seamount on the Ghizo Ridge south of the plate margin between the Indo-Australian and Pacific plates.
Kanaga Vulkan ist ein aktiver Vulkan steigende symmetrischen 1300 m auf dem nördlichen Teil der Insel Kanaga in der westlichen Aleuten Alaskas. Es ist eine der südlichsten Vulkane der zentralen Aleuten-Kette. Der Vulkan hat einen kleinen 200 m breit und 60 m tiefen kreisrunden Krater mit Fumarolen im Krater und um seine Felgen. Historische Eruptionen seit 1763, nicht aber im Einzelnen noch aufgrund der Abgelegenheit des Vulkans aufgezeichnet wurden. Eine neue Eruption könnte am 18. Februar 2012 begonnen haben. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
The huge Karaca Dağ volcano is a 1957 m high basaltic shield volcano in SE-Turkey near the Syrian border. It is situated on the Arabian foreland and about 150 km of the boundary of the Anatolian plate. It has been active since the Pliocene and also in historic times eruptions occured on its east flank. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Karai volcano is the highest volcano in the Sulu Range in north-central New Britain off Bangula Bay.
The Sulu Range consists of a cluster of partially overlapping small stratovolcanoes and lava domes.
There are no historic eruptions, but in 2006, a vigorous new fumarolic vent opened, preceded by vegetation die-off, seismic swarms and landslides. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Gunung Karang volcano lies in westernmost Java near Pulosari volcano SE of the geologically young 15-km-wide Danau caldera. The eroded and forested stratovolcano of andesitic and basaltic composition is the highest of a group of stratovolcanoes in the Danau caldera area. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Der Karangetang ist einer der aktivsten Vulkane Indonesiens. Auf der entlegenen Insel Siau im Sangihe Archipel nördlich von Sulawesi gelegen, ist er für seine häufigen spektakulären und gefährlichen Ausbrüche mit Lavafontänen und vom Lavadom abgehenden pyroklastischen Strömen berüchtigt. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Karkar volcano along with its neighbor Manam is one of Papua New Guinea's most active volcanoes. The volcano is located on Karkar Island off New Guinea's north coast 64 km north of Madang.
The forested Karkar Island is 25 km long and 19 km wide and cut by 2 nested summit calderas. The 5.5-km-wide outer caldera was formed during one or more eruptions, the last of which occurred 9000 years ago. The inner caldera is almost circular in shape and has 3.2 km in diameter with vertical walls up to 300 m high. It was formed during violent eruptions sometime between 1500 and 800 years ago.
The historic activity at Karkar volcano, recorded since 1643, consisted in small explosions including strombolian and phreatic eruptions. Most eruptions came from Bagiai vent, a cinder cone inside the inner caldera. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Karpinsky volcano is a group of 3 young andesitic cones in southern Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands. The cones are located at the southern end of the Karpinsky Ridge.
The NW cone contains vigorous fumaroles. It has produced a lava flow that flowed 7 km to the SE. The southern cone forms the highest point of the Karpinsky massif. It fed lava flows to the SE and west. The NW cone displays hot springs and sulfur cones containing liquid sulfur that is occasionally ejected outward.
A minor ash eruption in 1952 was the only historical eruption of the Karpinsky group.
(Source: Smithsonian / GVP volcano information)
The Kars Plateau is a broad calc-alkaline to alkaline volcanic field of largely Pliocene to mid-Pleistocene age in the NE corner of Turkey (Innocenti et al., 1982; Yilmaz, 1990). -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Karthala is a large shield volcano with a summit caldera on La Grande Island of the Comores in the eastern Indian Ocean. It erupts every few years and often produces voluminous lava flows and sometimes has a lava lake in the crater of the caldera. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Ein Schichtvulkan im Gebiet des Erta Ale, der ab dem 4 November 2008 die größte Eruption in der Geschichte Äthiopiens startete. Es war sein erster Ausbruch in geschichtlicher Zeit und bedeckte 300 Quadratkilometer mit Lava. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Karymsky ist der aktivste Vulkan auf Kamtschatka im Osten vulkanischen Zone und einer perfekten symmetrischen Vulkan. Ascheeruptionen aus Karymski kann im Wege der Flugzeuge Flugrouten über den N-Pazifik kommen. Karymsky, der aktivste Vulkan auf Kamtschatka im Osten vulkanischen Zone in einem der weltweit Vulkane mit persistierendem Tätigkeit und seit mindestens seit Ausbruch über 500 Jahren. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Kasatochi ist eine abgelegene Insel bilden die Spitze der ein Unterwasser-Schichtvulkan auf 314 m ü.m. in der Inselkette der Aleuten. Es ist eines der Vulkane der Welt, die neue Inseln in historischer Zeit gebildet. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Kasbek volcano is a large glacier-covered stratovolcano in the Caucasus Mountains of Georgia south of the border with Russia. It is the second highest volcano (after Elbrus) in the Caucasus range. There are no known historic eruptions, but radiocarbon-dated lava flows and its summit cone are only about 6000 years old, suggesting that the volcano is still active.
Kasuga volcano is a conical submarine volcano rising 3000 m from the ocean floor to a depth of 598 m, located SE of Fukujin submarine volcano in the Volcano Islands of Japan 1550 km SSE of Tokyo. It is the northernmost of 3 seamounts forming the Kasuga seamounts complex. The Kasuga complex lies in the northern part of a backarc basin west of the Mariana volcanic arc.
Floating pumice was seen south of the volcano location in 1959 and water discolouration above the seamount was reported in November 1975. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Ein großer Stratovulkan in Alaska, in der Nähe der Novarupta Schlot, brach, die 1912 mit dem größten Vulkanausbruch im 20. Jahrhundert, 10 mal so groß wie der Ausbruch des Mount St. Helens 1980. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Kavachi volcano is a shallow submarine volcano located south of the remote Vangunu Island in the Solomones. It is als known as Rejo te Kvachi, "Kavachi's Oven", and one of the most active of the Pacific with near surface eruptions every few years that often build temporary islands.
New islands were formed at least 9 times since its first recorded eruption during 1939. The new islands formed were not large enough and coated with solid lava flows to be able to resist wave erosion. They were submerged again after a few months after each eruption.
The frequent shallow submarine eruptions that sometimes breach the surface produce surtseyan activity, magma-water explosions that eject jets of steam, ash, and incandescent bombs above the sea surface. On some occasions during such eruptions, the vent was sealed sufficiently to produce liquid lava spattering and lava flows on the temporary islands. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Kawah Kamojang 7 km WNW von Guntur Vulkan war die erste entwickelte Erdwärmefeldes in Indonesien. Es befindet sich in geologisch jungen Pangkalan Caldera. Die 1,2 x 0,7 km Hydrothermal aktive Fläche hat viele Fumarolen, Dampfschlote, warme Seen, Schlammlöcher und bunte Hydrothermal veränderte Boden. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Kawah Karaha is a fumarole field at the northern and older end of the regional N-S trending volcanic chain comprising Galunggung volcano near Garut. Kawah Karaha fumarole field covers an area of 250 x 80 m and contains a sulfur deposit. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Kawi-Butak is a broad volcanic massif with 2 vents (Kawi and Butak) immediately east of Kelut volcano and south of Arjuno-Welirang volcano and located 15 km west of the gegional capital Malang. No historical eruptions are known from Kawi and Butak, but it is considered still possibly active.
Kelimutu (Keli Mutu) volcano in central Flores, Indonesia, is famous for its 3 colorful acid crater lakes, where different salts and oxides in suspension or solution give the lakes varying colors ranging from blue and dark green to intense red. In historic times, few small phreatic explosions have been the only activity at the volcano.
The scenic craters with their lakes are popular tourist destinations. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Kelud volcano (also spelled Kelut) is one of East Java's most active volcanoes. The volcano has a spectacular large crater that contains a lake, which was a popular weekend destination but also the origin of devastaating mud flows. In Oct-Nov 2007, a new lava dome grew within the lake to form an island, replacing most of the water. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
Keluo volcano is a volcanic field in NE China near the Russion border, south of the Heilongjiang (Black Dragon) River, 310 km NNW of the city of Daquiin.
The volcanic group covers 350 sq km and contains 23 cones, some of which could be Holocene in age (have formed less than 10,000 years ago), judging by their youthful morphology, including Nanshan (科洛南山) cone at the southern end of the field north of the Keluo River, Keluo Gushan (科洛孤山) cone, Keluo Jianshan (科洛尖山), Keluo Dayishan (科洛大椅山) and Keluo Xiaoyishan (科洛小椅山).
There are unconfirmed reports of historical activity at Keluo. -> Ganzen Eintrag ansehen
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