Taveuni VulkanTaveuni volcano is a massive, elongated basaltic shield volcano, which forms the 40 km long Tavenui Island, the 3rd largest of the Fiji Islands. Tavenui is known as the "Garden Island" because of its rich volcanic soils.
Tavenui volcano has had at least 36 eruptions since the the known human occupation of between 370-110 BC. All of these eruptions, on average every 60-65 years, have occurred from vents on the southern two-thirds of the island.
Beschreibung:Tavenui is located at the northern end of the backarc basin of the Koro Sea. The volcano has been active for about 780,000 years.
A period of voluminous eruptions took place between about 300 and 500 AD and caused abandonment of the southern part the island of Taveuni until about 1100 AD.
Taveuni is dotted with about 150 scoria cones, craters and fissure zones, most of them along the NE-SW rift axis, and only few west of the axial rift zone. The latest known eruption produced a lava flow at the southern tip of the island sometime between about 1450-1650 AD.