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Latest news from Etna volcano
Small explosion from Etna's New SE crater (Montagnola thermal webcam, INGV Catania)
Tuesday, Apr 22, 2014
Occasional weak explosions continue at the New SE crater: two very small events were observed today at 03:45 and 04:05 (local time). [more]

Saturday, Apr 19, 2014
Etna's New SE crater and the team of VolcanoDiscovery in Italy (aka OPEC) and elsewhere wishes you a Happy Easter! [more]

Location map of Italy's most active volcanoes (Etna, Stromboli, Vesuvius, Vulcano, Lipari, Campi Flegrei)
Location map of Italy's most active volcanoes (Etna, Stromboli, Vesuvius, Vulcano, Lipari, Campi Flegrei)

Snow-covered Etna volcano with the fresh lava flows from 2002/03
Snow-covered Etna volcano with the fresh lava flows from 2002/03

Tours and other info

Etna volcano

Complex stratovolcano Currently about 3329 m (changing due to eruptive activity and collapse of its crater rims)
Sicily, Italy, 37.75°N / 14.99°E
Current status: minor activity or eruption warning (3 out of 5)
Etna webcams / live data
Etna volcano videos
Last update: 22 Apr 2014
Typical eruption style: Effusive (lava flows) and mildly explosive (strombolian) eruptions. Both summit and frequent flank eruptions, the latter seem to be occurring in clusters lasting few to a few tens of years.
Etna volcano eruptions: Near continuously active; some major historic eruptions include 122 BC (large Plinian outbursts that created the small caldera of the "Cratere del Piano"), 1669 AD (devastating flank eruption that destroyed 15 villages and part of Catania), 1787 (Subplinian eruption and one of the most spectacular summit eruptions on record - lava fountains reportedly up to 3000 m high).
Eruptions since 1950 (f: flank / s: summit activity): 1950 (s), 1950-51(f), 1955 (s), 1956 (s), 1956 (f), 1957 (s),1960 (s), 1961 (s), 1964 (f), 1964 (s), 1966 (s), 1966-1971(s), 1968 (f), 1971(f), 1972-1973 (s), 1974 (f), 1974-1975 (s), 1975-1977 (f), 1977-1978 (s), 1978 (f), 1979(s), 1979 (f), 1980 (s), 1981 (s), 1981 (f),1982-1983 (s), 1983(f), 1984(s), 1985(s), 1985(f), 1986(s), 1986-1987 (f), 1987(s), 1988(s), 1989(s), 1989(f), 1990 (s), 1991-93(f), 1995(s), 1996(s), 1997 (s), 1998 (s), 1999 (s), 2000 (s), 2001(s), 2001 (f), 2002(s), 2002-03(f), 2004-2005 (f), 2006 (s), 2007 (s), 2008-2009 (f), 2010(s), 2011-2013(s), 2014-ongoing(f)
  Eruption from Mt Etna volcano (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Last earthquakes nearby:
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Mon, 21 Apr
Mon, 21 Apr 21:42 UTCM 1.6 / 0.2 km14 km2.2 km S da Tarderia (CT)
Mon, 21 Apr 21:39 UTCM 1.5 / -1.6 km14 km2.0 km SE da Tarderia (CT)
Sun, 20 Apr
Sun, 20 Apr 20:41 UTCM 1.1 / 13.7 km24 km1.4 km SW da Graniti (ME)
Sun, 20 Apr 03:45 UTCM 1.1 / 13.1 km19 km2.0 km N da Piedimonte Etneo (CT)
Tue, 15 Apr
Tue, 15 Apr 15:58 UTCM 1.0 / 4.4 km9 km2.1 km NE da Monte Fontane (CT)
View all recent quakes
Mt Etna on Sicily, locally called "Mongibello", is Europe's largest and most active volcano. Its frequent eruptions are often accompanied by large lava flows, but rarely pose danger to inhabited areas. Etna is one of the volcanoes with the longest historic records of eruptions, going back more than 2000 years.

Background:

Mount Etna, towering above Catania, Sicily's second largest city, has one of the world's longest documented records of historical volcanism, dating back to 1500 BC. Historical lava flows cover much of the surface of this massive volcano, which makes it the highest and most voluminous in Italy. Ever since ancient times, the volcano seems to have been in near-constant activity. It is considered, after Kilauea on Hawaii, the second most active, i.e. productive volcano on earth.
Two styles of eruptive activity typically occur at Etna: (1) persistent explosive eruptions, sometimes with minor lava emissions, from one or more of the 4 prominent summit craters, the Bocca Nova, Voragine (the former Central Crater), NE Crater, and SE Crater (the latter formed in 1978). (2) Flank eruptions, typically with higher effusion rates, are less frequent and originate from fissures that open on the volcano's flanks. Such flank eruptions, such as the spectacular recent ones in 2001 and 2002-03 commonly form cinder cones, that dot the volcano in their hundreds.

Etna Photos:




Strong eruption with lava fountains at the southeast crater of Etna, February 2000
Strong eruption with lava fountains at the southeast crater of Etna, February 2000
Explosive flank eruption of Etna, September 2004
Explosive flank eruption of Etna, September 2004
Erupting crater and lava flow at Etna, September 2004
Erupting crater and lava flow at Etna, September 2004

Etna Volcano Links:

INGV Catania / www.ct.ingv.it/Ufvg/Default.htm
Ufficial homepage of the Istituto Nazionale Di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - contains abundant information (in Italian) about volcanism, geology and the monitoring of Etna and the other volcanoes in Sicily as well as recent activity updates
Italy's Volcanoes - the Cradle of Volcanology / www.italysvolcanoes.com
Although no longer updated, it remains as THE largest, most comprehensive website about Etna (and other Italian volcanoes) available on the internet. Created and maintained by volcanologist Dr. Boris Behncke, hosted by VolcanoDiscovery.
SOL's Etna pages / www.stromboli.net
Stromboli Online: a rich source of photo, video and other material on Stromboli, Etna and other volcanoes (M. Fulle, VolcanoDiscovery team member is co-author).
Etna Volcan Sicilien / www.volcans.info/
Charles Rivière maintains a website (in French), extremely up-to-date, with detailed information about Etna's activity and latest results on geochemical studies on recent Etna lavas conducted by research team around R. Clocchiatti..
decadevolcano.net / www.decadevolcano.net
Tom's private website, another source of unique photos, info and more from Etna and other volcanoes.

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