Latest news from Etna volcano
Tuesday, Apr 22, 2014
Occasional weak explosions continue at the New SE crater: two very small events were observed today at 03:45 and 04:05 (local time).
Saturday, Apr 19, 2014
Etna's New SE crater and the team of VolcanoDiscovery in Italy (aka OPEC) and elsewhere wishes you a Happy Easter!
Location map of Italy's most active volcanoes (Etna, Stromboli, Vesuvius, Vulcano, Lipari, Campi Flegrei)
Snow-covered Etna volcano with the fresh lava flows from 2002/03
Tours and other info
Mt Etna on Sicily, locally called "Mongibello", is Europe's largest and most active volcano. Its frequent eruptions are often accompanied by large lava flows, but rarely pose danger to inhabited areas. Etna is one of the volcanoes with the longest historic records of eruptions, going back more than 2000 years.
Complex stratovolcano Currently about 3329 m (changing due to eruptive activity and collapse of its crater rims)
Sicily, Italy, 37.75°N / 14.99°ECurrent status
: minor activity or eruption warning
(3 out of 5)Etna webcams / live dataEtna volcano videos
22 Apr 2014
Typical eruption style
: Effusive (lava flows) and mildly explosive (strombolian) eruptions. Both summit and frequent flank eruptions, the latter seem to be occurring in clusters lasting few to a few tens of years.
Etna volcano eruptions
: Near continuously active; some major historic eruptions include 122 BC (large Plinian outbursts that created the small caldera of the "Cratere del Piano"), 1669 AD (devastating flank eruption that destroyed 15 villages and part of Catania), 1787 (Subplinian eruption and one of the most spectacular summit eruptions on record - lava fountains reportedly up to 3000 m high).Eruptions since 1950 (f: flank / s: summit activity):
1950 (s), 1950-51(f), 1955 (s), 1956 (s), 1956 (f), 1957 (s),1960 (s), 1961 (s), 1964 (f), 1964 (s), 1966 (s), 1966-1971(s), 1968 (f), 1971(f), 1972-1973 (s), 1974 (f), 1974-1975 (s), 1975-1977 (f), 1977-1978 (s), 1978 (f), 1979(s), 1979 (f), 1980 (s), 1981 (s), 1981 (f),1982-1983 (s), 1983(f), 1984(s), 1985(s), 1985(f), 1986(s), 1986-1987 (f), 1987(s), 1988(s), 1989(s), 1989(f), 1990 (s), 1991-93(f), 1995(s), 1996(s), 1997 (s), 1998 (s), 1999 (s), 2000 (s), 2001(s), 2001 (f), 2002(s), 2002-03(f), 2004-2005 (f), 2006 (s), 2007 (s), 2008-2009 (f), 2010(s), 2011-2013(s), 2014-ongoing(f)
Last earthquakes nearby:
View all recent quakes
|Time||Mag. / Depth||Distance||Location|
|Mon, 21 Apr|
|Mon, 21 Apr 21:42 UTC||M 1.6 / 0.2 km||14 km||2.2 km S da Tarderia (CT)|
|Mon, 21 Apr 21:39 UTC||M 1.5 / -1.6 km||14 km||2.0 km SE da Tarderia (CT)|
|Sun, 20 Apr|
|Sun, 20 Apr 20:41 UTC||M 1.1 / 13.7 km||24 km||1.4 km SW da Graniti (ME)|
|Sun, 20 Apr 03:45 UTC||M 1.1 / 13.1 km||19 km||2.0 km N da Piedimonte Etneo (CT)|
|Tue, 15 Apr|
|Tue, 15 Apr 15:58 UTC||M 1.0 / 4.4 km||9 km||2.1 km NE da Monte Fontane (CT)|
Background:Mount Etna, towering above Catania, Sicily's second largest city, has one of the world's longest documented records of historical volcanism, dating back to 1500 BC. Historical lava flows cover much of the surface of this massive volcano, which makes it the highest and most voluminous in Italy. Ever since ancient times, the volcano seems to have been in near-constant activity. It is considered, after Kilauea on Hawaii, the second most active, i.e. productive volcano on earth.
Two styles of eruptive activity typically occur at Etna: (1) persistent explosive eruptions, sometimes with minor lava emissions, from one or more of the 4 prominent summit craters, the Bocca Nova, Voragine (the former Central Crater), NE Crater, and SE Crater (the latter formed in 1978). (2) Flank eruptions, typically with higher effusion rates, are less frequent and originate from fissures that open on the volcano's flanks. Such flank eruptions, such as the spectacular recent ones in 2001 and 2002-03 commonly form cinder cones, that dot the volcano in their hundreds.
Group on a narrow ledge that separates two vents on Etna volcano, Italy. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
After having reached its peak, the eruption wanes quickly, but a dense brown ash plume still rises high from the fissure vent. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
View of Etna from Alitalia flight from Trieste to Catania on 21 Apil 2012 (Photo: marcofulle)
Perfect steam ring from Etna volcano on 11 Nov 2013 (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
A magnificient moment of the lava fountain. This photo was also featured in National Geographic's article about Etna (Feb 2002 issue). (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Enormous lava bubbles burst within the crater with detonating booms, throwing truck-sized lava bombs to many hundreds meters in all directions. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Etna Volcano Links:
|INGV Catania / www.ct.ingv.it/Ufvg/Default.htm|
|Ufficial homepage of the Istituto Nazionale Di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - contains abundant information (in Italian) about volcanism, geology and the monitoring of Etna and the other volcanoes in Sicily as well as recent activity updates|
|Italy's Volcanoes - the Cradle of Volcanology / www.italysvolcanoes.com|
|Although no longer updated, it remains as THE largest, most comprehensive website about Etna (and other Italian volcanoes) available on the internet. Created and maintained by volcanologist Dr. Boris Behncke, hosted by VolcanoDiscovery.
|SOL's Etna pages / www.stromboli.net|
|Stromboli Online: a rich source of photo, video and other material on Stromboli, Etna and other volcanoes (M. Fulle, VolcanoDiscovery team member is co-author). |
|Etna Volcan Sicilien / www.volcans.info/|
|Charles Rivière maintains a website (in French), extremely up-to-date, with detailed information about Etna's activity and latest results on geochemical studies on recent Etna lavas conducted by research team around R. Clocchiatti.. |
|decadevolcano.net / www.decadevolcano.net|
|Tom's private website, another source of unique photos, info and more from Etna and other volcanoes. |
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