VolcanoDiscovery's start page
-Contact | Imprint | || Français | Deutsch
edit translation
Check out our destinations and tours!
Follow us:
Latest news from Etna volcano
Thermal image of the effusive vents at the base of the NE crater with the lava flow (Monte Cagliato webcam, INGV Catania)
Friday, Jul 25, 2014
A new vent opened yesterday morning at 11:14 local time. ... [more]
Thermal image of Etna's active lava flows from the effusive vent at the base of the NE crater
Monday, Jul 14, 2014
No significant variations in activity have occurred during the past days. Small lava flows are being fed by the new fissure vent at the eastern base of the NE crater. At the vent, this activity is accompanied by spattering, sometimes resembling strombolian-type explosions with ejections up to approx. 100 m in height. ... [more]

Location map of Italy's most active volcanoes (Etna, Stromboli, Vesuvius, Vulcano, Lipari, Campi Flegrei)
Location map of Italy's most active volcanoes (Etna, Stromboli, Vesuvius, Vulcano, Lipari, Campi Flegrei)

Snow-covered Etna volcano with the fresh lava flows from 2002/03
Snow-covered Etna volcano with the fresh lava flows from 2002/03

Etna volcano

Complex stratovolcano Currently about 3329 m (changing due to eruptive activity and collapse of its crater rims)
Sicily, Italy, 37.75°N / 14.99°E
Current status: minor activity or eruption warning (3 out of 5)
Etna webcams / live data
Etna volcano videos
Last update: 25 Jul 2014
Typical eruption style: Effusive (lava flows) and mildly explosive (strombolian) eruptions. Both summit and frequent flank eruptions, the latter seem to be occurring in clusters lasting few to a few tens of years.
Etna volcano eruptions: Near continuously active; some major historic eruptions include 122 BC (large Plinian outbursts that created the small caldera of the "Cratere del Piano"), 1669 AD (devastating flank eruption that destroyed 15 villages and part of Catania), 1787 (Subplinian eruption and one of the most spectacular summit eruptions on record - lava fountains reportedly up to 3000 m high).
Eruptions since 1950 (f: flank / s: summit activity): 1950 (s), 1950-51(f), 1955 (s), 1956 (s), 1956 (f), 1957 (s),1960 (s), 1961 (s), 1964 (f), 1964 (s), 1966 (s), 1966-1971(s), 1968 (f), 1971(f), 1972-1973 (s), 1974 (f), 1974-1975 (s), 1975-1977 (f), 1977-1978 (s), 1978 (f), 1979(s), 1979 (f), 1980 (s), 1981 (s), 1981 (f),1982-1983 (s), 1983(f), 1984(s), 1985(s), 1985(f), 1986(s), 1986-1987 (f), 1987(s), 1988(s), 1989(s), 1989(f), 1990 (s), 1991-93(f), 1995(s), 1996(s), 1997 (s), 1998 (s), 1999 (s), 2000 (s), 2001(s), 2001 (f), 2002(s), 2002-03(f), 2004-2005 (f), 2006 (s), 2007 (s), 2008-2009 (f), 2010(s), 2011-2013(s), 2014-ongoing(f)
  Eruption from Mt Etna volcano (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Last earthquakes nearby:
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Fri, 1 Aug
Fri, 1 Aug 10:34 UTCM 2.1 / 9 km40 kmSICILY, ITALY
Mon, 28 Jul
Mon, 28 Jul 18:54 UTCM 1.9 / 4.3 km7 km1.2 km S da Monte Scorsone (CT)
Thu, 24 Jul
Thu, 24 Jul 05:08 UTCM 2.1 / 28 km51 kmSICILY, ITALY
Thu, 24 Jul 01:12 UTCM 3.0 / 38 km35 kmSICILY, ITALY
Sun, 20 Jul
Sun, 20 Jul 20:10 UTCM 1.1 / 11.8 km22 km3.5 km SW da Camporotondo Etneo (CT)
View all recent quakes
Mt Etna on Sicily, locally called "Mongibello", is Europe's largest and most active volcano. Its frequent eruptions are often accompanied by large lava flows, but rarely pose danger to inhabited areas. Etna is one of the volcanoes with the longest historic records of eruptions, going back more than 2000 years.

Background:

Mount Etna, towering above Catania, Sicily's second largest city, has one of the world's longest documented records of historical volcanism, dating back to 1500 BC. Historical lava flows cover much of the surface of this massive volcano, which makes it the highest and most voluminous in Italy. Ever since ancient times, the volcano seems to have been in near-constant activity. It is considered, after Kilauea on Hawaii, the second most active, i.e. productive volcano on earth.
Two styles of eruptive activity typically occur at Etna: (1) persistent explosive eruptions, sometimes with minor lava emissions, from one or more of the 4 prominent summit craters, the Bocca Nova, Voragine (the former Central Crater), NE Crater, and SE Crater (the latter formed in 1978). (2) Flank eruptions, typically with higher effusion rates, are less frequent and originate from fissures that open on the volcano's flanks. Such flank eruptions, such as the spectacular recent ones in 2001 and 2002-03 commonly form cinder cones, that dot the volcano in their hundreds.

Etna Photos:




More on VolcanoDiscovery:

Comments:

Copyrights: VolcanoDiscovery.
Use of material: Text and images on this webpage are copyrighted. Further reproduction and use without authorization is not consented. If you need licensing rights for photographs, for example for publications and commercial use, please contact us.