La Gloria is a volcanic field in central eastern Mexcio's sparsely populated highland between Cofre de Perote and Las Cumbres volcanoes. It is named after the small town of La Gloria to the SE and also known as Desconocido-Tecomales volcanic field. La Gloria volcanic field belongs to the Citlaltépetl–Cofre de Perote Volcanic Range, which forms a 70 kmlong chain of volcanoes.
It contains numerous young-looking cinder cones and 2 prominent arcuate east-facing scarps. The age of the latest volcanic activity is unknown, but thought to be Holocene at some of the cones.
La Malinche is a Pleistocene andesitic-dacitic stratovolcano in the eastern Trans Mexican Volcanic Belt located only 25 km from the city of Puebla. La Malinche is heavily eroded and probably in in its final stages of activity, but could still erupt in the future, in which case it would pose a serious hazard to Puebla city.
La Malinche has several dacitic summit lava domes that have filled the summit crater. Several small flank vents are located on the flanks. -> Voir la description complète
The La Negrillar volcano (also known as Aguas Perdidas) is a cone and lava flow complex along the SW margin of the Atacama basin in northern Chile, WSW of Socompa volcano between the Sierra San Juan and Sierra Almeida.
The La Negrillar field covers a roughly 16 km wide area. Its age is unknown, but it could be less than 10,000 years old, as its young-looking craters and lava flows with well-preserved levees suggest. The lavas in the field are basaltic-andesite in composition and different from the similarly named El Negrillar volcanic field to the north.
La Yeguada volcano (also known as Chitra-Calobre) is a stratovolcano in west-central Panamá east of Laguna La Yeguada and north of the Azuero Peninsula.
The last volcanic activity was at the Media Luna cinder cone about 45,000 years ago. The widely spread information that it erupted only 300-350 years ago is most likely wrong (see below).
There is geothermal activity with warm springs at the volcanic complex, including the Chitra-Calobre geothermal field which is the site of intensive geothermal exploration. -> Voir la description complète
Laacher See or Laach Lake (in English) is a crater lake or more exactly a caldera lake in the Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, situated close to the cities of Koblenz, Mayen (11 km), and Andernach (14 km). It fills a volcanic caldera in the Eifel mountain range, the only caldera in Central Europe. It is part of the area of the "east Eifel volcanic field". -> Voir la description complète
Mount Labo volcano is located SW of the city of Daet at the northwestern end of the Bicol Volcanic Arc on Luzon Island, Philippines.
It is a forested, andesitic stratovolcano with a basal diameter of 24 km. Labo last erupted about 27,000 years ago, but still shows geothermal activity, in the form of warm and hot springs. There is geothermal exploration near Labo volcano. -> Voir la description complète
The elliptical, 10 x 20 km wide caldera of Laguna de Bay is located immediately SE of Manila city, Philippines. It is the largest lake on Luzon Island and its surface is only 1 m above sea level.
Jalajala is a fumarole field on the flank of Mount Sembrano on the shore of Laguna de Bay. -> Voir la description complète
Laguna Aramuaca volcano is a lake-filled explosion crater (maar) 10 km SE of the city of San Miguel in southeastern El Salvador.
The crater is 1 km wide and might have formed less than 10,000 years. The phreatomagmatic eruptions that formed it left spectacular pyroclastic surge deposits exposed in quarries near the rim.
Laguna Bianca is a group of cinder cones and lava flows SW of the town of Zapala. A perfectly shaped and youthful-looking cinder cone on the northern shore of Laguna Blanca is the most prominent feature.
Laguna Blanca National Park is famous for its aquatic bird fauna, including black-necked swans and flamingos. -> Voir la description complète
Laguna del Maule is a 15x25 km wide lake-filled volcanic caldera in central Chile near the border to Argentina, east of Nevados de Longavi volcano. The complex is less than 30,000 years old and covers 300 km2 contains a cluster of small stratovolcanoes, lava domes, and cinder cones some of which are younger than 10,000 years. -> Voir la description complète
Laguna Jayu Khota is a group of 2 young maars (Jayu Khota and Nekhe Khota to the NE) in the Central Altiplano of Bolivia, north of Salar de Uyuni and east of Salar de Coipasa. It was originally believed that they were meteorite impact craters. -> Voir la description complète
Laguna Mariñaqui volcano is a group of 2 cinder cones 2 km apart on a NE trending fault SSE of Copahué volcano and ENE of Tolguaca volcano. The andesitic cinder cones have formed during the past 10,000 years and produced lava flows.
Mt Lamington volcano is a large andesitic stratovolcano within sight of the provincial capital Popondetta north of the Owen Stanley Range. It rises 1680 m above the coastal plain.
The forested Mount Lamington had not been known as a volcano, before it erupted violently in 1951 and caused one of the 20th century's worst volcanic desasters, killing more than 3000 people.
Mount Lamington is one of 4 large Quaternary stratovolcanoes on the north coast of southeastern New Guinea. The other 3 volcanoes are Hydrographers Range, Mount Trafalgar, and Mount Victory volcanoes. -> Voir la description complète
Lamonai is one of 3 volcanic centres of the Dawson Strait Group volcano. It is located on the SE end of Fergusson island inland from Sebutuia Bay. Lamonai volcano is a composite cone and has a steep-walled summit crater with strong thermal activity.
Rhyolitic lava flows are exposed on the NE side of the cone. -> Voir la description complète
Lamongan is a small stratovolcano in East Java located between the larger Tengger and Iyang-Argapura volcanoes. It is surrounded by numerous craters and cinder cones, forming a volcanic zone stretching 25 km E-W and 16 km N-S., and covering an area of 260 km2.
The volcano had many eruptions in the 19th century, but has probably not erupted since. It is remarkable and unusual for a subduction zone volcano for its many flank vents and relatively effusive eruption style. In the period of intense activity between 1799 and 1898, there were up to 15 basaltic lava flow eruptions. -> Voir la description complète
Langila volcano is one of the most active volcanoes in the Bismarck Arc of New Britain. It is located 11 km south of Cape Gloucester.
The volcano consists of a group of 4 small overlapping basaltic-andesitic cones on the lower eastern flank of extinct Talawe volcano, which still forms the highest volcano in the Cape Gloucester area of NW New Britain.
Langila's typical activity is strombolian to vulcanian explosions, sometimes accompanied by lava flows. Summit explosions at Langila volcano often produce shock waves. -> Voir la description complète
Lanín is a large, conical and active (but at present dormant) stratovolcano on the Chile-Argentina border, located approximately 45 km southeast of Villarrica volcano.
The volcano is mostly basaltic and andesitic in composition and many eruptions came from flank vents.
The most recent eruption took place about 2200 years ago and produced a small lava dome at the summit and a block lava flow to the north. -> Voir la description complète
Las Cumbres volcano is a stratovolcano in central-eastern Mexico in Puebla state about 190 km SE of Mexico City and only 15 km NNE of Pico de Orizaba volcano.
It is part of the 70 km N-S trending Citlaltépetl–Cofre de Perote Volcanic Range.
The volcano contains a a 4.5 km x 3.5 km summit caldera narrowly breached on the east side and partly filled by the dacitic Cerro Gordo or El Cumbre Grande lava dome complex.
The area is famous for the obsidian lava domes Xalista and El Rodeo to the north, and Ixetal to the south of Las Cumbre.
The last activity in the area was from the rhyolitic Yolotepec lava dome, north of Las Cumbres, has been radiocarbon dated at about 5900 years before present. -> Voir la description complète
Las Lajas is a basaltic shield volcano 20 km north of Lake Nicaragua. La Lajas is the youngest of a group of volcanoes east of the Nicaraguan graben. Based on its fresh morphology, it could be still active.
Las Lajas volcano has a 7 km wide and 650 m deep caldera, which contains 5 lava domes in the center and is cut by a narrow canyon on the SE side. There are lava domes and cones on the outer flanks.
Las Pilas volcano is a volcanic complex near Cerro Negro volcano 75 km NW of the capital Managua.
The volcano consists of several cones around the central vent, Las Pilas, which contains a 700 m wide and 120 m deep crater and is the site of the recent activity.
El Hoyo is a 150 m deep pit crater immediately SW of the main crater. It contains particularly strong fumaroles and produces sometimes dense plumes of gas and steam.
The only certain historic activity from Las Pilas were 2 phreatic eruptions from a fissure on the eastern side of Las Pilas cone in 1952 and 1954. An eruption in the 16th century is uncertain. -> Voir la description complète
Lscar volcan dans le nord du Chili est le plus actif du nord des Andes chilienne. Lascar est un strato-volcan andésitique à dacitique avec 3 cratères sommitaux qui se chevauchent. Grandes coulées de lave sont visibles sur ses flancs nord-ouest. Lascar est flanqué 5 km à l'est par l'ancienne, mais plus élevé Volcn Aguas Calientes stratovolcan. Lascar a eu un certain nombre de faible à modérée éruptions explosives dans les temps historiques, ainsi que quelques éruptions se sont plus grandes qui ont causé des centaines de kilomètres Ashfall. La plus grande éruption de Lascar dans le temps historique en 1993 et produit des coulées pyroclastiques, qui ont voyagé 8.5 km au NO de ce sommet, et Ashfall à Buenos Aires. -> Voir la description complète
Lassen (ou Lassen Peak) du volcan en Californie du Nord est situé à l'extrémité sud de la chaîne des Cascades. Outre Mont St. Helens, il est le seul volcan dans la zone contiguë des Etats-Unis qui a éclaté dans le 20ème siècle. Complexes sommet de Lassen est un dôme de lave qui s'élève 2 000 pieds (610 m) au-dessus du terrain environnant et a un volume de un demi-mile cube, ce qui en fait l'un des dômes de lave plus important sur Terre. Son sommet est un domaine complexe de plusieurs cratères. Lassen Peak est le plus grand et le plus jeune d'un groupe de plus de 30 volcans qui ont éclaté dans la région de Lassen Peak plus des 300.000 dernières années.
Lastarria is a stratovolcano on the Argentina/Chile border. The volcano contains 5 nested summit craters. The youngest part of the volcano is a lava dome overlapping the northern crater.
A large prehistoric debris avalanche deposit is located on the SE flank and younger deposits of pyroclastic flows form an apron around the the northern base of the volcano.
There are no known historical eruptions, but the young morphology of some deposits suggest that Lastarria has been active during historical time. There is intense fumarolic activity on the rim and flanks of the northern summit crater and its NW flank, and sulfur flows have occurred by melting of extensive sulfur deposits in the summit region. -> Voir la description complète
Latukan is a poorly known volcano SE of Lake Lanao, in NW Mindanao Island (Philippines). The probably still active volcano lies in the center of a chain of young E-W trending stratovolcanoes, between the active Ragang and Makaturing volcanoes. The age of Latukan's last activity is unknown.
Lautaro is an active stratovolcano in southern Chile. The glacier-covered volcano is the highest Chilean volcano below 40 degrees south and the highest peak of the Southern Patagonian Ice Field.
Lautaro volcano has a crater just below its summit on the NW side and a 1km wide crater on the NE flank.
Lautaro is one of the most active volcanoes in Patagonia. -> Voir la description complète
Lavique Lake, un lac asséché dans le désert de Mojave, en Californie, est un champ volcanique de 4 cônes de scories, dont 3 sont dans la région du lac lavique et un quatrième dans le Maountains Rodman 20 km à l'ouest. Pisga cratère est la caractéristique principale, un éminent 100 m de haut cendrée cône nord de lavique lac entouré par une matière basaltique 80 km2 de flux de lave. -> Voir la description complète
Lawu volcano is located in Central Java, east of Merapi volcano and near the town of Solo. Lawu consists of an older, deeply eroded northern section and younger eruption craters in the south, where its last eruption took place in 1885, the volcano's only historical eruption. Fumarolic activity is present ina deep ravine on the south flank at 2550 m elevation. -> Voir la description complète
Leizhou Bandao volcano is a volcanic field on the Leizhou peninsula 480 km SW of Hong Kong, across the Qiongzhou strait north of Hainan Dao Island.
The field contains a group of Policene-Holocene cinder cones and the basaltic
Yingfengling and Tianyang volcanoes, which are 15 km apart and located in the center of the Leizhou Peninsula. -> Voir la description complète
Lomonosov volcano is a group of 4 cinder cones and a lava dome less than 10,000 years old, that were constructed along a N-S. It is located south of Tatarinov volcano in southern Paramushir Island, Kuril Islands. -> Voir la description complète
Leonard Range (also known as Leonard Kniazeff) volcano is an andesitic-dacitic volcanic complex with a 4x5 km caldera. It is located east of Davao Gulf in SE Mindanao, east of the major N-S-trending Philippine Fault and belongs to the East Mindanao Arc.
The last activity of Leonard Range probably occurred about 1800 years ago, indicated by radiocarbon dating of charred wood found in a pyroclastic flow deposit on the edge of the caldera.
The caldera contains Lake Leonard known for its abundance of fish species and as a surviving habitat of the rare Philippine crocodile.
Several thermal areas and solfataras occur at Leonard Range. -> Voir la description complète
Leroboleng volcano (also known as Lereboleng or Lewono) on the eastern end of Flores Island has a complex summit with 29 craters with diameters ranging between 12 and 100 m. -> Voir la description complète
Level Mountain in NW British Columbia, Canada, SW of Dease Lake and north of Telegraph Creek is the most voluminous and most active volcano of the Stikine volcanic belt. -> Voir la description complète
Lewotobi volcan à l'extrémité orientale de l'île de Flores est l'un des volcans les plus fréquemment actifs dans la région. Il a deux pics disposés sur une ligne NW-SE séparés par 2 km et 1232 m d'une selle haute. Cela a donné le volcan jumeau son nom Lewotobi "mari et femme» (également orthographié Lewetobi). Les deux pics correspondent à la Lakilaki Lewotobi et Lewotobi stratovolcans Perempuan. Lewotobi Lakilaki (1584 m) a un cratère sommital de 400 m de diamètre ouverte vers le nord. Cratère Lewotobi Perampuan (1703 m) l 'est de 700 m de large. -> Voir la description complète
Lewotolo volcano on the eastern end of a peninsula of Lembata (formerly Lomblen) Island forms a perfect symmetrical cone. The stratovolcano has 2 craters of 900x800 m and 250x200 m in diameter.
Many lava flows have reached the coastline. Historical eruptions, recorded since 1660, have consisted of explosive activity from the summit crater. -> Voir la description complète
Volcan Licancabur est un stratovolcan actif dans le nord du Chili, à la frontière avec la Bolivie, 40 km à l'est de la ville de San Pedro de Atacama. Liancabur a une forme impressionnante symétrique constant pentes degrés 30. Il est connu pour contenir plus haut lac du monde intérieur de ses 400 m au sommet du cratère large au moins 5913 m. Jeunes blocs des coulées de lave andésitique avec des digues en vue d'étendre 6 km sur les flancs ouest du volcan. Ces coulées de lave et des évents flanc sont les produits les plus récents, mais l'âge précis de la dernière activité n'est pas connue. Coulées de lave ont atteint plus âgés jusqu'à 15 km de distance et sont couverts par des dépôts de coulées pyroclastiques atteignant jusqu'à 12 km de distance du cratère.
Licto volcano is a group of cinder cones along the Río Chambo about 25 km SE of the city of Riobamba and just north of the town of Licto, Ecuador. It is the southernmost young volcanic area in the Interandean valley of Ecuador.
The precise age of the cones is unknown, but based on their young morphology, they are believed to be Holocene or not older than late Pleistocene. -> Voir la description complète
Lihir volcano forms the small Lihir Island, the largest of a group of island north of New Ireland (Papua New Guinea). It is the largest of the volcanic chain east of New Ireland. Lihir is composed of 5 overlapping basaltic stratovolcanoes, including Luise, Kinami, and Huniho. 4 young submarine volcanoes offshore Lihir Island belong to the complex as well.
Luise is the youngest volcano of Lihir and contains an elliptical 5.5 km long and 3.5 km wide caldera open to the sea, forming Luise Harbour. The caldera rises with steep walls 700 m above the sea, and its floor is covered by debris from the walls. It probably formed around 400,000 years ago.
In the center of the caldera, a strongly hydrothermally altered lava dome is present and displays extensive thermal activity along its margins. -> Voir la description complète
Little Sitkin volcano forms a small island of the same name in the western Aleutians Islands and belongs to the Aleutian Island National Wildlife Refuge. The active stratovolcano rises 1188 m (3898 ft) in the center-northeastern part of the island. The island is located 330 km (200 mi) northwest of the community of Adak, 377 km (234 mi) southeast of Attu, and 2173 km (1350 mi) southwest of Anchorage, Alaska.
Little Sitkin Island's diamond shape is dominated by 2 nested 4 km wide calderas that formed during the growth of the volcano. Little is know about its geologic and volcanic history.
Little Sitkin had most likely 2 historical eruptions in the 18th and 19th centuries that produced ash and lava flows. There are 3 long-lived fumarolic and hot springs areas on the west flank of the volcano that contain a cluster of boiling, acidic pools. -> Voir la description complète
Llaima stratovolcano is one of Chile's largest and most active volcanoes. It is located 90 km S of Callaqui in the Araucanía Region of southern-central Chile, in the Conguillio National Park about 80 km from the city of Temuco.
It is one of the volcanoes with the most known historic eruptions in South America. Its eruptions are brief episodes with spectacular lava fountains, strombolian activity and lava flows. Eruptions often occur along NNE trending fissures. -> Voir la description complète
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