Volcan Pacaya près de la ville de Guatemala est un des volcans les plus actifs du Guatemala, et ses fréquentes éruptions sont souvent visibles de la ville de Guatemala. Activité typique de ces dernières années comprend l'activité strombolienne, émission de coulée de lave et intermittend des phases violentes du type de lave. -> Voir la description complète
Paco volcano (also known as Manlayao) is located at the NE tip of Mindanao Island, Philippines.
It is an basaltic-dacitic stratovolcano truncated by 2 nested calderas, 2.5 and 5 km in diameter. The volcano is located east of the N-S-trending Philippine Fault which cuts through eastern Mindanao.
It has a breached crater with andesitic lava domes. The youngest dated rocks are from a basaltic lava flow between 90,000 and 10,000 years old. Local legends tell about a major caldera collapse eruption.
The age of the last activity is not known, although the volcano currently displays fumarolic activity.
Source: GVP Paco volcano information
Pagan volcano consists of 2 stratovolcanoes (North and South Pagan) connected by a narrow isthmus and forms the largest and one of the most active of the Mariana Islands. It is located 173 nautical miles north of Saipan.
Nearly all historical eruptions of Pagan, which were recorded since the 17th century, were from North Pagan volcano. The largest historic eruption was in 1981 and prompted the evacuation of the sparsely populated island. -> Voir la description complète
Pago volcano is located in the Cape Hoskins area of New Britain, Papua New Guinea. It belongs to the larger complex of Witori volcano and represents the post-caldera cone of the latter.
Pago is probably only 350 years old.
The typical historical activity at Pago volcano were strombolian to vulcanian explosions, sometimes accompanied by slow lava flows. A series of 10 dacitic lava flows from Pago cover much of the caldera floor. -> Voir la description complète
Palei-Aike volcano is a young volcanic field along the border of southern Argentina and CHile, north of the Straits of Magellan. It contains lake-filled maars and basaltic cinder cones and young lava flows. -> Voir la description complète
Palena volcano is a group of 5 cinder cones in southern Chile NE of Melimoyu volcano. The cones are aligned along a NNE trend and are of Holocene age, i.e. younger than 11,700 years. The middle cone is called Cerro Palena and lends its name to the whole group.
Palomo is a small stratovolcano in central Chile, 130 km south of Santiago, and west of the massive Caldera del Atuel. The summit is largely ice-covered. Its young morphology suggests that its last eruptions are relatively recent, perhaps prehispanic, but there has not been any known historic activity. -> Voir la description complète
Paluweh volcano (also known as Rokatenda), is the tip of a large, mostly submerged stratovolcano rising 3000 m from the sea floor. It forms a small 8 km wide island with the same name north of Flores Island. Paluweh has a complex summit composed of several overlapping craters and lava domes up to 900 m wide.
Several flank vents were formed by flank eruptions on a NW-trending fissure. The largest historical eruption of Paluweh in 1928 was highly explosive and produced a landslide triggering a tsumani.
Pampa Luxsar (also spelled Pampa Luxar) is a volcanic field in SW Bolivia 23 km from the border with Chile. It comprises a 45 x 45 km area of lava flows at the SW margin of Bolivia's Salar de Uyuni east of the Andean volcanic front. -> Voir la description complète
Pan de Azucar is a probably extinct stratovolcano in a hardly accessible area in the Amazonian jungle between Sumaco and Reventador volcanoes. It has been active around 1 million years ago and produced lava from basaltic to andesitic in composition. -> Voir la description complète
Mount Panay is small andesitic stratovolcano on the Calumpang Peninsula west of the Batangas Bay, south of Lake Taal, Luzon Island, Philippines.
Panay may be extinct with its last eruptions being more than 10,000 years ago, but it still has strong solfataric activity. -> Voir la description complète
Paniri is a stratovolcano in northern Chile 26 km SE of San Pedro volcano. It has 3 craters. There are no recent eruptions, but the volcano possibly has been active during the past 10,000 years. Archeological remains have been found on its summit in 1972.
A magnitude 5.4 earthquake occurred at a depth of 106 km under the volcano on 1 Feburay 2008.
Papayo volcano is a small lava dome on the crest of the Sierra Nevada range 47 km SE of Mexico City. Papayo has produced large dacitic lava flows reaching up to 10 km length, and was last active less than 12,000 years ago, meaning it is to be considered potentially active. -> Voir la description complète
Volcán Parinacota volcano is a symmetrical young stratovolcano in northern Chile near the border with Bolivia. Along with older Pomerape (6222 m) volcano 4 km to the NE it forms the Nevados de Payachata volcanic group.
Parinacota contains a pristine, 300-m-wide summit crater and young lava flows on the western flanks.
There are no historical eruptions, but the volcano has had explosive and effusive eruptions from both the summit crater and the Ajata group of flank vents in the past few 1000 years and is considered an active volcano. -> Voir la description complète
Parker volcano (also known as Falen locally) is a low, but steep-sided vegetated stratovolcano located 30 km west of General Santos City, near the southern tip of Mindanao Island, Philippines.
The andesitic-dacitic volcano contains a 2.9 km diameter summit caldera with a lake, Lake Maughan (2 km diameter).
Parker was recently identified as the source of a major explosive eruption in 1641, which caused devastating pyroclastic flows and lahars, and heavy ash fall and darkness over Mindanao Island. The 1641 eruption was one of 3 large explosions of Parker volcano within the past 3800 years. It created the present-day summit caldera.
The eruption style of Parker volcano is similar to Pinatubo volcano, which had a Plinian eruption in 1991.
Mount Patoc is an andesitic stratovolcano in the Cordillera Central of north-central Luzon, Philippines. It has strong fumarolic activity. A small river and a village on the west side are named "Mainit", which means hot.
Patuha volcano is an old, forest-covered twin volcano with two craters 600 m apart located SW of Bandung city, the capital of West Java. One of its craters is being mined for sulphur. -> Voir la description complète
Cerro Payún Matru is a massive Hawaiian-style shield volcano in Argentina located lies 530 km from the oceanic trench, which marks the subduction of the Nazca plate. It contains a 8 x 10 km caldera which was formed after about 168,000 years ago. -> Voir la description complète
Peinado volcano is a symmetrical stratovolcano in NW Argentina and one of the youngest volcanoes of the region.
It has young, well preserved lava flows from the summit and flank vents, which extend up to 10 km from the summit. -> Voir la description complète
Gunung Penanggungan is a small dormant stratovolcano dominating the view from the North coast in the Surabaya area. It is immediately to the north of the higher and more active Arjuno-Welirang twin volcano.
Penanggungan is one of Java's most revered mountains: Ancient Javanese saw in Penanggungan a reflection of the sacred Mahameru of Hindu mythology. There are more than 81 archaeological sites on the mountain, mostly on its northern and western flanks. Ruins of sanctuaries, monuments, and sacred bathing sites of the Hindu period were found, spanning more than 5 centuries from A.D. 977 until 1511. -> Voir la description complète
Perbakti volcano is one of a complex of 3 closely located stratovolcanoes known as the Perbakti-Gagak or Kiaraberes-Gagak volcanic complex situated immediately SW of Salak volcano.
The complex is hydrothermally very active. Fumaroles, warm spring and boiling mud pools are found on the S and SE sides of the volcano at 950-1300 m elevation. Mild phreatic eruptions took place in historical time from fumarole fields on its flanks.
Cerro de Las Petacas volcano is a lava dome in southern Colombia NE of Doña Juana volcano. The age of its last activity is unknown, but there are youthful-looking cinder cones nearby and the volcano might still be considered active.
Pinacate volcano is a young volcanic field of maars, tuff rings, more than 500 basaltic cinder cones in the Sonoran desert in NW Mexico, a nearly unpopulated region between Arizona and the Gulf of California. The field covers an area of about 60 x 55 km and has been active less than 10,000 years ago.
Papago (Tohono O'odham) Indian legends tell of eruptions in this area, suggesting that activity has been fairly recent. There are accounts of ash-and-steam eruptions in the 20th century, which are believed not to be true by the Smithsonian Global Volcanism Program (GVP). -> Voir la description complète
Pinatubo volcano exploded spectacularly on 15 June 1991. The Pinatubo eruption on 15 June 1991 was the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century.
Pinatubo is a complex of lava domes located 100 km NW of Manila city, Luzon Island, Philippines.
Prior to the eruption, Pinatubo was a little known volcano and it had been dormant for 400 years. There were no known historic eruptions. Before the eruption in 1991 Pinatubo was 1745 m high (ca. 250 m more than now), and was only 200 m higher than the nearby peaks, which are remnants of older volcanic edifices of Mt Pinatubo and hid it from views from distance. Pinatubo mostly noted for a failed geothermal development project.
Eruptions of Mount Pinatubo
Pinatubo has had at least 6 periods of activity with large explosive eruptions in its past 35,000 years prior to the 1991 eruption. The 1991 eruption in this context actually ranks as one of the smaller eruptions. An eruption, which occurred 35,000 years ago and probably created the caldera, was likely much bigger. -> Voir la description complète
Piton de la Fournaise, un volcan bouclier basaltiques typiques, situé sur l'île française La Réunion, est un des volcans les plus actifs et les plus productifs du monde. C'est dans une phase d'éruptions fréquentes mais de courte durées qui commencent avec les fontaines de lave et de produire des coulées de lave grand. Puisque les zones actives du volcan ne sont pas habitées, ses éruptions posent peu de danger et causent peu de dommages. -> Voir la description complète
Planchón-Peteroa is an elongated complex volcano along the Chile-Argentina border with several overlapping calderas. It is less than 550,000 years old and was formed by 3 different volcanoes representing different generations of the volcano: Azufre, Planchon and Peteroa.
Peteroa has been active into historical time and contains a small steaming crater lake. Historical eruptions from the Planchón-Peteroa complex have been dominantly explosive, although lava flows were erupted in 1837 and 1937. -> Voir la description complète
The volcanic Pocdol Mountains (also known as Bacon-Manito complex) are a group of volcanic cones between Saragon Bay and Albay Gulf in southern Luzon.
Some of the cones are probably only a few thousands of years old. A fumarole field and a geyser are found in the area, suggesting it might be still volcanically active. -> Voir la description complète
Poco Leok volcano is a statovolcano constructed what might be an irregularly shaped 7 km wide caldera in western Flores Island. The highest peaks on the caldera rim are Mt Lus (1675 m), Mt Sesat, Mt Mompong (1383 m), Mt Pitjong, and Mt Mangung (1379 m). It is believed that the Poco Leok and the caldera are still an active, although no historic eruptions are known. 4 active fumarole fields are found inside the caldera between 825 and 1200 m elevation. The Ulumbu geothermal field on the flank of Poco Leok at 650 m elevation includes hot springs, fumaroles, mud ponds and steam vents.
Mt. Popa volcano is a large stratovolcano at the northern end of the
Pegu Yoma Hills range in central Burma.
The steep-sided volcano rises 1150 m from its base of a surrounding lava plateau. It had an eruption in or around 442 BC, which is preserved in local legends. -> Voir la description complète
Popocatepetl is one of Mexico's most active volcanoes. After almost 50 years of dormancy, "Popo" came back to life in 1994 and has since then been producing powerful explosions at irregular intervals.
In the past centuries befor European invasions, large eruptions produced giant mud flows that have buried Atzteque settlements, even entire pyramids. -> Voir la description complète
Porak volcano is a stratovolcano on the border between Armenia and Azerbaijan, in the Vardeniss volcanic ridge about 20 km SE of Lake Sevan.
The last eruption produced a lava flow around 773-783 AD. Petroglyphs dated to the 5th century BC likely show earlier eruptions of Porak volcano.
The known thermal areas of Jermouk and Histissou are located at 15-20 km distance from Porak volcano. -> Voir la description complète
Prevo Peak is a beautiful symmetrical stratovolcano resembling Mt. Fuji in Japan. FOr this reason, it is often called Simushiru-Fuji.
The volcano has a 450 x 600 m wide summit crater with a nested inner cone rising to almost the same height as parts of the outer rim. The inner cone itself has a deep, 350-m-wide crater with a small lake on its floor.
There are young-looking lava flows that have reached both coasts of central Simushir Island. The youngest of these flows are probably those on the south (Pacific side).
2 small cinder cones on the western flank have produced lava flows that reached or nearly reached the Sea of Okhotsk.
2 eruptions are known from Prevo Peak volcano in historic times. The largest was around 1765 and generated pyroclastic flows that killed all vegetation at the base of the volcano. The second eruption around 1825 consisted in weak ash emissions.
(Source: GVP Smithsonian volcano information)
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