The northern side of Tinakula volcano with its "Sciara del Fuoco" below the crater at the right. Photo by Donn Tolia, 2002 (Geological Survey of the Solomon Islands, courtesy of CSIRO)
Tinakula volcano is located at the NW end of the Santa Cruz islands in the Solomon Islands. It forms a small 3.5 km wide and steep island, which is the upper 25% of a very active stratovolcano that rises more than 3 km from the sea floor. Tinakula is very similar to Stromboli volcano in Italy.
Tinakula's active summit crater is often in strombolian activity and the glowing bombs it ejects often roll down down a steep slope of loose ash and scoria extending to the sea on the SW side of the island.
The small 3.5 km wide Tinakula Island was inhabited until 1971 when a major eruption and a tsunami occurred and prompted people to abandon the island.
Tinakula has been frequently active since it was first discovered by the Spanish explorer Álvaro de Mendaña de Neira in 1595.
The mainly andesitic Tinakula volcano resembles Stromboli volcano in having a breached summit crater half-open to one side. It extends from the 851-m-high summit to below sea level. Landslides enlarged this scarp in 1965 and created an embayment on the NW coast.
Frequent historical eruptions have originated from a cone constructed within the large breached crater. These have left the upper flanks of the volcano and the steep apron of lava flows and volcaniclastic debris within the breach unvegetated.
The flank cone of Mendana is located on the SE side, named after the first western observer of an eruption of the volcano.
Copyright: VolcanoDiscovery. Utilisation de matériel: Le texte et les images sur cette page Web sont garantis des droits d'auteur. Davantage de reproduction et d'utilisation sans autorisation n'est pas consentie. Si vous avez besoin d’une autorisation des droits d’auteur pour des photographies, par exemple pour des publications et d’usage commercial, contactez-nous SVP.