Check out our destinations and tours!
Follow us:
FacebookTwitterGoogle PlusYouTube

Latest news:

Earthquakes in southern Iceland during the past 48 hours
Monday, Apr 14, 2014
A shallow (around 8 km depth) earthquake swarm including two quakes at 2.7 and 2.9 magnitude has started in an area 12 km to the south of Hekla volcano. ... [more]
Strain and earthquakes under Hekla volcano (Iceland Met Office)
Thursday, Mar 27, 2014
The volcano remains restless, but without any indication of an impending eruption (however, it is notorious for not giving much warning either). ... [more]

Hekla volcano

stratovolcano 1491 m (4,892 ft)
Iceland, 63.99°N / -19.67°W
Current status: restless (2 out of 5)
Hekla webcams / live data
Last update: 14 Apr 2014
Typical eruption style: Explosive and effusive.
Hekla volcano eruptions: 1104 (large, Plinian eruption), 1158, 1206, 1222, 1300, 1341, 1389, 1440(?), 1510, 1554, 1597, 1636-37, 1693, 1725, 1766-68, 1845-46, 1878, 1913, 1947-48, 1970, 1980, 1981, 1991, 2000 Hekla in eruption in March 2000 with the large black lava flow in the foreground from that eruption.
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Sat, 22 Nov
Sat, 22 Nov 19:05 UTCM 1.0 / 9.9 km15 km14.6 km ESE of Árnes
Sat, 22 Nov 06:15 UTCM 0.8 / 12.2 km13 km11.1 km NNE of Goðabunga
Fri, 21 Nov
Fri, 21 Nov 23:54 UTCM 2.0 / 2.6 km5 km4.2 km WSW of Landmannalaugar
Fri, 21 Nov 23:54 UTCM 1.2 / 2.5 km5 km4.3 km WSW of Landmannalaugar
Fri, 21 Nov 03:33 UTCM 1.1 / 15.5 km3 km7.9 km N of Hábunga
View all recent quakes
1491-m-high Hekla is one of Iceland's most prominent, most known and active volcanoes. It has frequent eruptions that start with an explosive onset producing eruption plumes, then lava fountains and culminate in large lava flows. Most of the volcano's flanks are covered by extensive lava flows from historical eruptions, dating back to 1104 AD. Hekla seen from the air in March 2000, with the active fissure and the recent lava flows visible

Background:

Hekla is located near the southern end of the eastern rift zone. It sits on a rift-transform junction, and has produced basaltic andesites, in contrast to the tholeiitic basalts typical of Icelandic rift zone volcanoes. Hekla's tephras are generally rich in flourine, which is very hazardous to grazing animals.
The elongated shape of the volcano is caused by a 5.5-km-long fissure, Heklugjá, that cuts across the volcano and is often active along its full length during major eruptions. Repeated such eruptions, oblique to most rifting structures in the eastern volcanic zone, have created Hekla's elongated ENE-WSW profile.
Frequent large explosive eruptions during historical times have deposited tephra throughout Iceland and provide important time markers that can be used to date eruptions from other volcanoes in Iceland.

Hekla Photos:




More on VolcanoDiscovery:

Comments:

Copyrights: VolcanoDiscovery.
Use of material: Text and images on this webpage are copyrighted. Further reproduction and use without authorization is not consented. If you need licensing rights for photographs, for example for publications and commercial use, please contact us.