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Kerguelen Islands volcano

Stratovolcanoes 1840 m / 6,037 ft
France, Southern Indian Ocean, -49.58°S / 69.5°E
Current status: (probably) extinct (0 out of 5)
Kerguelen Islands volcano books
Typical eruption style: unspecified
Kerguelen Islands volcano eruptions: unknown, no recent eruptionsNo recent earthquakes
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation

Background:

The Kerguelen Islands are composed primarily of Tertiary flood basalts and a complex of plutonic rocks. The trachybasaltic-to-trachytic Mount Ross stratovolcano at the southern end was active during the late Pleistocene. The Rallier du Baty Peninsula on the SW tip of the island contains two youthful subglacial eruptive centers, Mont St. Allouarn and Mont Henri Rallier du Baty. An active fumarole field is related to a series of Holocene trachytic lava flows and lahars that extend beyond the icecap (Ballestracci and Nougier, 1984). Gagnevin et al. (2003) dated a trachytic ignimbrite that was considered to represent the last major eruptive event on the Kerguelen Archipelago at 26,000 +/- 3000 years.
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Smithsonian / GVP volcano information


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