: Our professional team of volcanologists and photographers offers unique travel opportunities: volcano expeditions, photo tours, and relaxed walking & study tours.
Stratovolcano 2968 m / 9,737 ft
Central Java, Indonesia, -7.54°S / 110.44°E
Merapi webcams / live data
Merapi volcano eruptions:
1548, 1554, 1560, 1584, 1586(?), 1587, 1658, 1663, 1672, 1678, 1745, 1752, 1755, 1768, 1791, 1797, 1807, 1810, 1812-22, 1822-23, 1828, 1832-36, 1837-38, 1840, 1846, 1848(?), 1849, 1854(?), 1861, 1862-64, 1865-71, 1872 (large vulcanian-subplinian eruption VEI:4) , 1872-73, 1878-79, 1883-84, 1885-87, 1888, 1889, 1891-92, 1893, 1894, 1897, 1902, 1902-04, 1905, 1906-07, 1908, 1909-13, 1915, 1918, 1920-21, 1922, 1923(?), 1924, 1930-31, 1932, 1933-35, 1939-40, 1942-45, 1948, 1953-58, 1961, 1967-1970, 1971(?), 1972-85, 1986-90, 1992-2002, April-July 2006, Oct 2010-2011 Feb
Typical eruption style:
Highly explosive. Large Plinian eruption every few 1000 of years (the last ones at about 1000 BP and 2000 BP), sometimes with associated flank collapse. Growth of lava domes, pyroclastic flows.
Last earthquakes nearby
Merapi volcano (Central Java, Indonesia) activity update
Thursday Oct 03, 2013 17:41 PM | BY: T
The crater of Merapi volcano (photo: Øystein)
Activity has been low during the past months. In the crater, a small but considerable area was covered by incandescent material caused by escaping hot gas, that made a "hissing" sound very notable to the ear, our friend Øystein Lund Andersen reports who climbed the volcano on 29 Sep.
"The area mentioned is the source of the small eruption that happened a few months back, according to a local volcano-guide." This (explosive) activity had left a small crater, maybe 20-30m deep, surrounded by blocks that had been ejected.
"Another area also emitted a glow, from the western part of the crater, as it did during my visit in May 2012".
Links / Sources:
Wednesday, Jul 24, 2013
A small explosive eruption occurred from the volcano yesterday (22 July) morning between 04:22 and 05:35 local time. It produced a dark ash plume rising about 1000 m and ash fall in the villages of Klaten (SE of the volcano) and Sleman (SW).
Monday, Jul 22, 2013
Merapi volcano, on the island if Java, Indonesia produced a moderate emission of ash earlier today. ...
Saturday, Jun 15, 2013
A small ash eruption was reported yesterday at around 09:15 local time. Residents near the volcano heard an explosion sound and some fins ash fell on nearby villages.
Sunday, Oct 21, 2012
The summit dome who occupied the summit crater partially collapsed at an unknown date but very recently (probably in October because it was still seen in Sep). ...
Saturday, Oct 20, 2012
A dome that was last seen in September 2012 has since disappeared sometime in October. The probable cause was probably non-volcanic collapse. ...
More on VolcanoDiscovery:
The term for all fine-grained volcanic products fragmented during explosive eruptions.
Volcanic crisis at Sakurajima - updates
: A strong earthquake swarm and increased inflation were detected in August 2015 and triggered authorities to raise the alert level, as volcanologists think that a larger eruption could follow. News and updates on the events can be found on this page.
Ubinas activity updates
: The most frequently active volcano in Peru entered a new eruptive phase in 2014. Updates and news are regularly posted on this page.