Dietrich, V.J. , Mercolli, I. and Oberhänsli, R. , 1988, Dazite, High-Alumina Basalte und Andesite als Produkte Amphibol dominierter Differentiation (Aegina und Methana, nördlicher Inselbogen). Schweiz. mineral. petrogr. Mitt. 68/1. 21-39.
Dietrich, V.J. , Hurni, L. and Gaitanakis, P. , 1995: Geological Map of Greece. Methana (Saronic Gulf), 1:25'000 with expl.. Stiftung Vulkaninstitut Immanuel Friedlaender, ETH-Zurich and IGME (Athen).
Georgalas, G.C. , 1962, Catalogue of the active volcanoes of the world including solfatara fields; Part XII Greece: International Association of Volcanology, Rome, Italy, 40 p.
Mee, C.B. , and Forbes, H.A. (eds.), 1997, A Rough and Rocky Place: The Landscape and Settlement History of the Methana Peninsula, Greece. Liverpool University Press.
Simkin, T. , and Siebert, L. , 1994, Volcanoes of the World: Geoscience Press, Tucson, Arizona, 349 p.
Greece, 37.62°N / 23.34°E
Current status: dormant (1 out of 5)
Typical eruption style: Effusive, construction of lava domes, flowing through karstic systems, hydrothermal explosions.
Today: Only hydrothermic activity (Methana-Volcanic-Spa).
Methana volcano eruptions:
1700: Submarine volcano "Pavsanias" aprox. 1,5 km north-west of the historic volcano.
240-230 B.C.: Historic eruption near the village Kameni Hora that was described by ancient writers like STRABON, OVID and PAUSANIAS;
Every 2000 - 12.000 years: Eruptions on mayor fault systems.
10.000-30.000 B.C.: Building of the central volcano domes
100.000-600.000 B.C.: Building of the volcano domes in the eastern part of Methana.
1.500.000 years ago: First submarine eruptions (pillowlavas boninite from Agios Nikolaos)
|Time||Mag. / Depth||Distance||Location|
|Sat, 13 Dec|
|Sat, 13 Dec 18:08 UTC||M 2.4 / 10 km||51 km||SOUTHERN GREECE|
|Thu, 20 Nov|
|Thu, 20 Nov 09:25 UTC||M 2.1 / 14 km||10 km||SOUTHERN GREECE|
The peninsula is famous for its hot springs.
Background:On Methana the last activities have been recorded at 1700 in a submarin part north of Kameni Hora. On Methana there are about 32 volcanoes. The activity began about 1-2 million years ago. There are different kinds of volcanoes on Methana. Some are explosive, some are domes and some are only hdrothermal craters or lava flows through karstic systems. The hydrothermal activity is shown mostly on a west-east fault that runs through the town of Methana. There are also the thermal baths and mofettes (gas). Methana has been researched by a group of geologists of the Swiss university ETH and the Greek geological survey IGME. (1991-1995). The result were two maps in the size 1:25.000 (geological and topographical maps). 3D-Maps you can find here!
Further information / links:
|Methana.com / www.methana.com|
|A large private website with comprehensive information about the volcanic peninsula of Methana, with lots of information, photographs and other material about its geology, geography, history, flora and fauna etc.. Created and maintained by VOLCANO DISCOVERY team member Tobias Schorr.|