The center of the historic volcano
The central volcano of Methana
A typical volcano-dome
The Malisa-Volcano at Vathy
Smooth fracture surfaces at the lava dome: trees, having their roots reach into the tiniest crevaces, are clinging onto the vertical walls like free-climbers.
Imposing rock towers at the lava dome
Satellite image of Methana (NASA)
Tectonic setting of Methana
Dietrich, V.J. , Mercolli, I. and Oberhänsli, R. , 1988, Dazite, High-Alumina Basalte und Andesite als Produkte Amphibol dominierter Differentiation (Aegina und Methana, nördlicher Inselbogen). Schweiz. mineral. petrogr. Mitt. 68/1. 21-39.
Dietrich, V.J. , Hurni, L. and Gaitanakis, P. , 1995: Geological Map of Greece. Methana (Saronic Gulf), 1:25'000 with expl.. Stiftung Vulkaninstitut Immanuel Friedlaender, ETH-Zurich and IGME (Athen).
Georgalas, G.C. , 1962, Catalogue of the active volcanoes of the world including solfatara fields; Part XII Greece: International Association of Volcanology, Rome, Italy, 40 p.
Mee, C.B. , and Forbes, H.A. (eds.), 1997, A Rough and Rocky Place: The Landscape and Settlement History of the Methana Peninsula, Greece. Liverpool University Press.
Simkin, T. , and Siebert, L. , 1994, Volcanoes of the World: Geoscience Press, Tucson, Arizona, 349 p.
Methana is the northwestern part of the active, Greek volcanoes. It is a part of the Hellenic Arc with its volcanoes Milos, Santorini and Nisyros. It contains about 32 lava domes, the youngest one of which formed around 238 BC as recorded by Greek and Roman historians (e.g. Pausanias).
32 Lava domes 740 m
Greece, 37.62°N / 23.34°E
Current status: dormant (1 out of 5)
3 Jul 2013
Typical eruption style
: Effusive, construction of lava domes, flowing through karstic systems, hydrothermal explosions. Today
: Only hydrothermic activity (Methana-Volcanic-Spa).
Methana volcano eruptions
1700: Submarine volcano "Pavsanias" aprox. 1,5 km north-west of the historic volcano.
Last earthquakes nearby:
240-230 B.C.: Historic eruption near the village Kameni Hora that was described by ancient writers like STRABON, OVID and PAUSANIAS;
Every 2000 - 12.000 years: Eruptions on mayor fault systems.
10.000-30.000 B.C.: Building of the central volcano domes
100.000-600.000 B.C.: Building of the volcano domes in the eastern part of Methana.
1.500.000 years ago: First submarine eruptions (pillowlavas boninite from Agios Nikolaos)
View all recent quakes
|Time||Mag. / Depth||Distance||Location|
|Thu, 24 Jul|
|Thu, 24 Jul 10:40 UTC||M 1.5 / 10.8 km||11 km||19 Km S from Aigina|
|Thu, 24 Jul 01:01 UTC||M 1.1 / 17.9 km||19 km||23 Km NNE from Idhra|
|Thu, 24 Jul 00:19 UTC||M 1.1 / 18 km||21 km||24 Km NNE from Idhra|
|Wed, 23 Jul|
|Wed, 23 Jul 23:45 UTC||M 1.0 / 24.4 km||16 km||19 Km N from Idhra|
|Tue, 22 Jul|
|Tue, 22 Jul 23:30 UTC||M 1.6 / 20.6 km||20 km||23 Km W from Aigina|
The peninsula is famous for its hot springs.
Background:On Methana the last activities have been recorded at 1700 in a submarin part north of Kameni Hora. On Methana there are about 32 volcanoes. The activity began about 1-2 million years ago. There are different kinds of volcanoes on Methana. Some are explosive, some are domes and some are only hdrothermal craters or lava flows through karstic systems. The hydrothermal activity is shown mostly on a west-east fault that runs through the town of Methana. There are also the thermal baths and mofettes (gas). Methana has been researched by a group of geologists of the Swiss university ETH and the Greek geological survey IGME. (1991-1995). The result were two maps in the size 1:25.000 (geological and topographical maps). 3D-Maps you can find here!
The volcanic thermal baths of Methana, Greece (Photo: Tobias Schorr)
View from Agios Panteleimonas towards the town of Methana (Photo: Tobias Schorr)
A view from the Mokrisa lava dome onto the Tsonakas lava dome (Methana peninsula, Greece) (Photo: Tobias Schorr)
Spring flowers on the volcanic peninsula of Methana, looking towards the Peleponessos, Methana, March 2008 (Photo: Ingrid)
The village of Pano Mouska on the eastern side of Methana, Greece (Photo: Tobias Schorr)
Infrared image of the Stavrolongos volcano cladera in the centre of Methana peninsula (Photo: Tobias Schorr)
Further information / links:
|Methana.com / www.methana.com|
|A large private website with comprehensive information about the volcanic peninsula of Methana, with lots of information, photographs and other material about its geology, geography, history, flora and fauna etc.. Created and maintained by VOLCANO DISCOVERY team member Tobias Schorr.|
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