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San Miguel volcano
stratovolcano 2130 m / 6,988 ft
El Salvador, 13.43°N / -88.27°W

San Miguel webcams / live data
San Miguel volcano eruptions:
2014, 2013, 2002, 1997, 1995, 1985-86, 1976-77, 1970, 1967, 1966 (Jul), 1966 (Feb), 1964, 1954, 1939, 1936(?), 1931, 1930, 1929, 1919-20, 1890-91, 1884, 1882, 1867-68, 1862, 1857, 1855, 1854(?), 1844-48, 1819, 1811(?), 1798(?), 1787, 1769, 1762, 1699, 1510 ± 5 years
Typical eruption style:
small to moderate phreatic and phreatomagmatic summit explosions
Last earthquakes nearby

San Miguel volcano (El Salvador): new eruption

Tuesday Dec 31, 2013 06:21 AM | BY: T

Eruption plume from today's explosion at San Miguel (photo: La Prensa Grafica)
Eruption plume from today's explosion at San Miguel (photo: La Prensa Grafica)
Ash fall in San Jorge (La Prensa Grafica)
Ash fall in San Jorge (La Prensa Grafica)
Aqua/MODIS image of the eruption plume from San Miguel in El Salvador, seen on December 29, 2013. Image: NASA, rectified by Nahum Chazarra.
Aqua/MODIS image of the eruption plume from San Miguel in El Salvador, seen on December 29, 2013. Image: NASA, rectified by Nahum Chazarra.
Seismic signal (29 Dec) during the eruption (LYC station, MARN)
Seismic signal (29 Dec) during the eruption (LYC station, MARN)
Part of the hazard map of San Miguel (MARN)
Part of the hazard map of San Miguel (MARN)
The new eruption that occurred at the volcano Sunday (29 Dec) morning at 10:50 am local time has so far been an isolated single explosion of vulcanian type (accumulated pressure ejecting the plug in the conduit). Current seismic activity is low, but more activity could follow.
The explosion produced an ash plume of considerable (3-8 km) height, reaching estimated altitudes of 5-10 km. Heavy ash fall followed the eruption in nearby areas downwind, such as in the towns of Chinameca and San Jorge to the west. Civil Protection immediately began to evacuate families residing in a radius of 3 km around the volcano. So far, more than 5000 persons have been ordered to evacuate.
The following video from MARN's webcam shows the onset of the powerful explosion, accompanied by a (fortunately only) small pyroclastic flow (starting a 8sec):

The second largest city of the country, San Miguel de la Frontera (approx. 250,000 inhabitants) is located only 7 km NE of the volcano and could be at risk if the eruption continues and starts to produce pyroclastic flows (see hazard map of MARN).
Satellite images showed the plume shortly after the explosion stretching over approx. 150 km length.
Seismic data showed a steep increase in earthquake activity starting at 06:30 local time. After the explosion, seismic activity dropped again, suggesting that
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Previous news
Current seismic recording from San Miguel (VSM station, SNET)
Saturday, Apr 06, 2013
Volcanic earthquakes embedded in weak tremor remain frequent. [more]
Yesterday's seismic recording from San Miguel (VSM station, SNET)
Tuesday, Mar 19, 2013
The volcano has been relatively quiet recently. Only few volcanic quakes, weak tremor and (probably) rockfall signals show up now and then. [more]
Current seismic signal from San Miguel (VSM station, SNET)
Thursday, Mar 07, 2013
Seismic unrest (fluctuating, sometimes strong volcanic tremor and earthquakes) continue. Several hot spots are visible on the volcano's flanks, but most likely caused by fires. [more]
Current seismic signal from San Miguel (VSM station, SNET)
Tuesday, Feb 05, 2013
Activity has somewhat increased during the past 24 hours, including a pulse of stronger tremor and numerous small volcanic quakes. [more]
Monday, Feb 04, 2013
Tremor has remained at unchanged, weak levels today. [more]

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