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Afghanistan topography map
Afghanistan topography map (GNU Free Documentation License)
The Makran Subduction zone, sandwiched between two areas of continental collision
The Makran Subduction zone, sandwiched between two areas of continental collision (Source: Allochthonous?! Blog)
 

Volcanoes of Afghanistan (2 volcanoes)

Dacht-i-Navar| Vakak
Afghanistan's geography is dominated by the high Hindukush mountain range (highest point in Afghanistan: Nowshak 7,485 m). Geologically, this range marks the collision zone of the Indian with the Eurasian plate. The mostly rugged and mountainous country has only plains north and southwest of the Hindukush.
As expected for a country in a typical collision zone, Afghanistan has only very few young volcanoes, and the few potentially active ones are related to intra-plate hot spot volcanism.
Older (extinct) volcanoes in Afghanistan occur in the southwest of the country, about 300-400 km behind the weakly developed subduction zone south off the Makran coast, where the Arabian sea floor is subducting at a shallow angle to the north. Between Afghanistan and the coast is a 300-km-wide accretion prism of sediments scraped off the Arabian sea floor to form the E-W ranges of the Makran mountains (Pakistan), which merge into the Sistan range to the west.
Pakistan into Afghanistan.

In contrast to the very low rate of volcanic activity, Afghanistan suffers from frequent and intense earthquakes caused by the violent tectonic forces the colliding Arabian and Indian plates into Eurasia.
Dacht-i-Navar
(lava domes)
Dacht-i-Navar volcano is a group of 15 lava domes in west-central Afghanistan SW of Kabul.
Their age is unknown, but it is speculated that they have erupted less than 10,000 years ago and should be considered potentially active.
The lava domes are trachyandesitic in c... [more]

Vakak
(volcanic field)
Vakak (or Wakak) volcano is a field of 18 small volcanoes 115 km WSW of Kabul. It is the northernmost of a group of small volcanic fields in the Ghanzi region and consists of lava domes, one of which occupies an old caldera.
The age of its last eruption is unknown, but cou... [more]

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