Veniaminof volcano

Updated: Aug 10, 2022 06:06 GMT - Refresh
Stratovolcano 2507 m / 8,225 ft
Alaska Peninsula, USA, 56.17°N / -159.38°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Last update: 9 Dec 2021 (Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report)
ASTER (Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer) satellite image showing a steam plume emitting from the active intracaldera cone at Veniaminof Volcano on March 4, 2008 at 12:57 PM AKS (image processed by AVO/USGS, Image data courtesy of NASA/GSFC/METI/ERSDAC/JAROS, and U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team)
ASTER (Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer) satellite image showing a steam plume emitting from the active intracaldera cone at Veniaminof Volcano on March 4, 2008 at 12:57 PM AKS (image processed by AVO/USGS, Image data courtesy of NASA/GSFC/METI/ERSDAC/JAROS, and U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team)

Veniaminof is one of the highest, largest and most active volcanoes on the Alaska Peninsula.

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Typical eruption style: Explosive
Veniaminof volcano eruptions: 1750 (?), 1830-38(?), 1838-39, 1874, 1892, 1930, 1939, 1939, 1944, 1956, 1983-84, 1984, 1987, 1993-94, 1995(?), 2002, 2004, 2006 (Mar), 2008 (Feb-Mar), 2013 (Jun-Oct), 2021 (Feb-ongoing)
Lastest nearby earthquakes: No recent earthquakes

Background

The massive cone of the stratovolcano is truncated by a steep-walled, 8 x 11 km, glacier-filled caldera that formed around 3700 years ago. The caldera rim is up to 520 m high on the north, is deeply notched on the west by Cone Glacier, and is covered by an ice sheet on the south. Post-caldera vents are located along a NW-SE zone bisecting the caldera that extends 55 km from near the Bering Sea coast, across the caldera, and down the Pacific flank.

Historical eruptions probably all originated from the westernmost and most prominent of two intra-caldera cones, which reaches an elevation of 2156 m and rises about 300 m above the surrounding icefield. The other cone is larger, and has a summit crater or caldera that may reach 2.5 km in diameter, but is more subdued and barely rises above the glacier surface.

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Source: GVP (Smithsonian Institution)


See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
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