BackgroundThe Auckland volcanic field has dominantly produced intraplate alkali basaltic to basantic rocks forming the northernmost of a group of Quaternary volcanic fields of the Auckland Intraplate Province.
Eruptive activity in the past 20,000 years
Many of the eruptions were phreatomagmatic (water-magma contact) and formed maars, while others formed cones where magma was isolated from ground water. Eruptions are believed to have lasted from 10-100 years.
Of the 19 eruptions known to have occurred within the past 20,000 years, only one eruptive center is known to have been active during the Holocene (Smith and Allen, 1993). The Rangitoto eruption, about 600 years ago, was the largest of the Auckland volcanic field and accounts for about half of the total volume of the volcanic field. It created the 6-km-wide Rangitoto Island, which consists of multiple scoria cones up to 260-m high that cap a low shield volcano with a broad apron of lava flows. The longest lava flow from Rangitoto reaches 10 km length and has a maximum thickness of 60 m.
- Smithsonian / GVP volcano information
- Smith I E M, Allen S R, (1993) "Volcanic hazards at the Auckland Volcanic Field" New Zeal Ministry Civil Defense, Volc Hazards Inf Ser, 5: 1-34
Auckland Field Photos
See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8