Volcanoes of Baja California, NW Mexico & Mexican Islands (22)

Bárcena | Camargo Volcanic Field | Cerro Leon | Cerro Mencenares | Cerro Prieto | Comondu-La Purisima | Coronado | El Aguajito | Guadaloupe | Isla San Luis | Isla Tortuga | Jaraguay | La Reforma | Moctezuma Volcanic Field | Pinacate | Punta Pulpito | San Borja | San Ignacio Volcanic Field | San Quintin | Socorro | Tres Virgenes | unnamed

Volcano list

Bárcena

(Cinder cones 332 m / 1,089 ft)
Bárcena volcano here from the SW in March 1955. The tuff cone with the circular summit crater containing a lava dome, and the lava delta to the right formed during the 1952-53 eruption. Photo by Adrian Richards, 1955 (U.S. Navy Hydrographic Office).
Bárcena volcano here from the SW in March 1955. The tuff cone with the circular summit crater containing a lava dome, and the lava delta to the right formed during the 1952-53 eruption. Photo by Adrian Richards, 1955 (U.S. Navy Hydrographic Office).
Barcena volcano forms the southern part and most significant feature of Isla San Benedicto, the 3rd largest and north-easternmost of the 4 Islas Revillagigedo islands about 350 km south of Cabo San Lucas, Baja California.
The volcano formed by eruptions during 1952-53 and c... [more]

Camargo Volcanic Field

(Pyroclastic cone(s) 1900 m / 6234 ft)
[more]

Cerro Leon

(Cone 280 m / 919 ft)
[more]

Cerro Mencenares

(Lava dome(s) 790 m / 2592 ft)
[more]

Cerro Prieto

(lava dome 223 m / 732 ft)
Cerro Prieto volcano is a small dacitic lava dome in the Cerro Prieto geothermal field at the northern end of the Gulf of California, 33 km south of Mexicali at the Mexican border or 175 km SE of San Diego. [more]

Comondu-La Purisima

(volcanic field 780+ m / 2,559 ft)
Comondú-La Purísima volcano is a volcanic field of about 9000 sq km in southern Baja California, west of the Sierra de la Giganta.
Volcanic activity of La Purısima dates back about 10 million years ago, but might have continued into the Holocene (i.e. less than 10,000 years... [more]

Coronado

(stratovolcano 440+ m / 1,444 ft)
Coronado volcano is a small stratovolcano in the Gulf of California. It forms a 2 km wide peninsula at the northern tip of Coronado Island, 3 km off the eastern coast of Baja California in the Canal de los Ballenas.
The roughly 440-m-high volcano contains a 300 x 160 m wid... [more]

El Aguajito

(caldera 1300+ m / 4,265 ft)
El Aguajito volcano (also known as Santa Ana caldera) is a large 10 km wide caldera at the coast of the Gulf of California, northwest of the older La Reforma caldera. The caldera formed during massive eruptions about 760,000 years ago in what would be called a super-volcano erupt... [more]

Guadaloupe

(shield volcano 1100 m / 3,609 ft)
Guadalupe volcano is a mostly submerged volcano that forms the island of the same name 250 km west off the coast of Baja California. The volcano was built on the old axis of an ancient spreading center and consists of 2 overlapping shields, the southern of which is the older. more]

Isla San Luis

(tuff cone 180? m / 591 ft)
Isla San Luis volcano forms the largest of the 7 Encantada islands in the northern part of the Gulf of California, about 3 km offshore. It is 4.5 sq km large and consists of a 180 m high cone with a narrow peninsula on the SW end.
It is not known when the volcano last erup... [more]

Isla Tortuga

(shield volcano 210+ m / 689 ft)
Isla Tortuga volcano is a young basaltic shield volcano that forms the small 4 km wide island of the same name located 40 km off the Baja coast in the Gulf of California.
The volcano has a circular summit caldera, about 100 m deep, containing a frozen lava and several cind... [more]

Jaraguay

(volcanic field 960? m / 3,150 ft)
Jaraguay volcano is a volcanic field located between Jaraguay and Arroyo San José on the western side of Baja California, Mexico. It contains cinder cones and associated basaltic and basaltic-andesite lava flows, some of which are probably less than about 5000 years old. [more]

La Reforma

(Caldera 1300 m / 4265 ft)
[more]

Moctezuma Volcanic Field

(Volcanic field unknown)
[more]

Pinacate

(cinder cones 1200+ m / 3,937 ft)
Pinacate volcano is a young volcanic field of maars, tuff rings, more than 500 basaltic cinder cones in the Sonoran desert in NW Mexico, a nearly unpopulated region between Arizona and the Gulf of California. The field covers an area of about 60 x 55 km and has been active less t... [more]

Punta Pulpito

(lava dome unknown elevation)
Punta Púlpito volcano is a lava dome which formed about 500,000 years ago on a small peninsula at the Gulf of California east of the southern tip of Bahía Concepción.
It is included in the catalogue of potentially active volcanoes because it still has an active geothermal ... [more]

San Borja

(volcanic field 1360+ m / 4,462 ft)
San Borja volcano, also known as El Rosarito, is a volcanic field in central Baja California NE of the Vizcaino Peninsula. There are young cinder cones and lava flows near Rosarito and Morro San Domingo at the western end of the field and along the coast north of the Vizcaino Pen... [more]

San Ignacio Volcanic Field

(Volcanic field 1500 m / 4921 ft)
[more]

San Quintin

(cinder cones 260+ m / 853 ft)
San Quintín volcano is a volcanic field on the west coast of Baja California, Mexico, and consists of 11 young cinder cones near San Quinton Bay, the Isla San Martin 5 km offshore, and Monte Mazo. [more]

Socorro

(shield volcano 1050 m / 3,445 ft)
Socorro volcano forms the SE-most of the Revillagigedo Islands south of Baja California. It is the summit of a very active, large, mostly submarine basaltic shield volcano. Its summit is capped by a largely buried, 4.5 x 3.8-km-wide summit caldera.
A submarine eruption occu... [more]

Tres Virgenes

(stratovolcanoes 1940+ m / 6,365 ft)
Tres Vírgenes volcano is a complex of 3 stratovolcanoes, El Viejo, El Azufre, and La Virgen, in east-central Baja California and the only larger volcano on the peninsula.
Possible eruptions occurred in 1746 and 1857.
A geothermal plant is located at the northern end ... [more]

unnamed

(submarine volcano unknown depth)
A possible submarine eruption occurred on or before 20 July 1953 off the western coast of Baja California from an unknown submarine volcano.
The report came from sailors on fishing boats who observed great numbers of dead fish and mud bubbling up at sea 2 km from San Crist... [more]
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