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Bandai volcano eruptions

stratovolcano 1819 m / 5,968 ft
Honshu, Japan, 37.6°N / 140.08°E
Eruption list: 1888, 1808 (?), 1787, 1767 (?), 1719, 1611 (?), 806 AD


2000 earthquakes
On 15 August, 416 earthquakes, and 2 periods of volcanic tremor were recorded at Bandai volcano. Climbers were banned from the mountain from 18 August. No eruption followed the seismic swarm.

1987 earthquake swarm
An earthquake swarm was detected at Bandai volcano on 16 June with 155 quakes measured.

1888 eruption and debris avalanche
On 15 July, 1888, the north flank of Bandai Volcano in Japan exploded and collapsed during an eruption quite similar to the May 18, 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens. After a week of seismic activity, a large earthquake on July 15, 1888, was followed by a tremendous noise and a large explosion.
The flank of Bandai collapsed into a debris avalanche that descended the north side of the mountain and covered several villages and killed 461 people.
A vertical explosion reaching 5 km height, a lateral blast and pyroclastic flows that traveled 6 km were also generated. The avalanche destroyed the Kobandai cone and removed an estimated 1.5 cubic km of volume and covered an area of 34 sq km. Eyewitnesses reported speeds of the avalanche reaching about 80 km/hr.
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