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Stratovolcano 354 m / 1,161 ft.
Indian Ocean, 12.28°N / 93.86°ECurrent status
(2 out of 5)Barren Island webcams / live data
| ReportsBarren Island volcano booksBarren Island volcano eruptions:
1787, 1789, 1795, 1803-04, 1852(?), 1991, 1994-95, 2005-2006, 2015, 2016Typical eruption style:
ExplosiveLast earthquakes nearbyLatest satellite images
Location map of Barren Island.
Volcano news & eruption updates: Barren Island
Mon, 20 Feb 2017, 10:19
Heat signal from Barren Island volcano (MIROVA)
A new eruption is occurring at the remote and India's only active volcano. ...more
Thu, 3 Mar 2016, 17:18
Steam (and ash?) plume from Barren Island on 1 March (red spot is a thermal anomaly detected by the VIIRS radiometer onboard NASA's Suomi NPP)
Weak eruptive activity continues at the summit vent of the remote and rarely directly observed volcano, satellite data indicates. ...more
Wed, 3 Feb 2016, 10:10
Steam / ash plume and thermal hot spot at Barren Island on 1 Feb 2016 (MODIS / VIIRS Nasa imagery)
Minor eruptive activity (possibly strombolian) seems to continue on the remote island, at least intermittently. ...more
Mon, 23 Nov 2015, 12:05
Ash and steam plume from Barren Island on 16 Nov (Landsat 8 image, annotated by Culture Volcan)
With all likelihood, the volcano continues to be in eruption. It is very remote and rarely directly observed, but satellite imagery regularly show albeit weak thermal signals - again present more or less continuously since August and more frequent since October this year. ...more
Wed, 19 Aug 2015, 16:18
MIROVA thermal signals of Barren Island volcano
An ash plume was reported this morning, at estimated 5,000 ft (1.5 km) altitude, extending 50 km to the east from the island (VAAC Darwin). This suggests that a new phase of activity is occurring at the volcano. ...more
Sat, 6 Jun 2015, 08:46
Hot spot at Barren island (MIROVA)
A steam and ash plume at estimated 10,000 ft (3 km) altitude and extending 35 km to the east from the volcano was detected yesterday on MTSAT satellite imagery (VAAC Darwin). ...more
Mon, 27 Apr 2015, 08:22
A pilot reported an ash plume rising to 10,000 ft from the volcano. Likely, eruptive activity which had produced a new lava flow in March is still going on or has resumed.
Sun, 5 Apr 2015, 11:05
An eruption occurred in mid to late March with strombolian explosions and the effusion of a lava flow from the central cone.
Sat, 7 Feb 2015, 13:27
Hot spot detected at Barren Island via MIROVA
As the Culture Volcan
blog pointed out, a weak thermal anomaly was detected on satellite data above the volcano yesterday. The hot spot is weak, but could indicate some sort of activity occurring at the volcano. What could be a plume is visible on other satellite imagery, but for now, there is no confirmation of volcanic activity.
Tue, 4 Feb 2014, 12:28
Gas and ash plume from Barren Island today (MODIS/Terra, NASA)
Intermittent eruptive activity continues on the small remote island next to the Andaman island group. A small steam and ash plume and a thermal hot spot can be seen on today's and yesterday's satellite images. ...more
Show more news
Barren Island, a possession of India in the Andaman Sea about 135 km NE of Port Blair in the Andaman Islands, is the only historically active volcano along the N-S-trending volcanic arc extending between Sumatra and Burma (Myanmar). The 354-m-high island is the emergent summit of a volcano that rises from a depth of about 2250 m. The small, uninhabited 3-km-wide island contains a roughly 2-km-wide caldera with walls 250-350 m high. The caldera, which is open to the sea on the west, was created during a major explosive eruption in the late Pleistocene that produced pyroclastic-flow and -surge deposits. The morphology of a fresh pyroclastic cone that was constructed in the center of the caldera has varied during the course of historical eruptions. Lava flows fill much of the caldera floor and have reached the sea along the western coast during eruptions in the 19th century and more recently in 1991 and 1995.
---Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institution
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