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Barren Island volcano
Stratovolcano 354 m / 1,161 ft.
Indian Ocean, 12.28°N / 93.86°E
Current status: minor activity or eruption warning (3 out of 5) Barren Island volcano eruptions:
1787, 1789, 1795, 1803-04, 1852(?), 1991, 1994-95, 2005-2006, 2015, 2016, 2018, 2019
Typical eruption style:
Explosive
Location map of Barren Island.
Location map of Barren Island.

Volcano news & eruption updates: Barren Island

Barren Island volcano (India) - new hot spots, possible lava flows

Sun, 15 Dec 2013, 16:50
16:50 PM | BY: T
MODIS hot spot data (past 7 days) for Barren Island volcano (ModVolc, Univ. Hawaii)
MODIS hot spot data (past 7 days) for Barren Island volcano (ModVolc, Univ. Hawaii)
New and relatively strong thermal signals are visible on satellite data. They suggest renewed (or increased) activity, perhaps in the form of lava flows.
Previous news
Thu, 17 Oct 2013, 11:20
Eruptive activity continues. An ash plume was spotted on satellite imagery this morning rising to 12,000 ft (3.6 km) and drifting 15 nautical miles to the NW (VAAC Darwin). ... read all
Wed, 16 Oct 2013, 12:52
MODIS hot spot data (past 7 days) for Barren Island volcano (ModVolc, Univ. Hawaii)
A new eruption occurred this week. This was confirmed by the Indian Navy (via twitter) who reported "smoke" and lava seen on the island from a surveillance plane. A large hot spot is visible on recent MODIS satellite data on the remote volcanic island, located in the Andaman Islands archipelago. ... read all
Sun, 17 Feb 2013, 14:53
A new eruption seems to have started. An ash plume rising to 20,000 ft (6 km) altitude and drifting 120 nautical miles to the SW was reported last night by VAAC Darwin. The aviation color code was raised to RED. ... read all
Thu, 15 Jan 2009, 22:43
Satellite imagery reported that during 7-8 and 10-11 January ash plumes from Barren Island were seen. ... read all
Fri, 21 Nov 2008, 20:22
A pilot reported a lava flow on Barren island on 17 November and also a ash plume was seen. ... read all

Background:

Barren Island, a possession of India in the Andaman Sea about 135 km NE of Port Blair in the Andaman Islands, is the only historically active volcano along the N-S-trending volcanic arc extending between Sumatra and Burma (Myanmar).  The 354-m-high island is the emergent summit of a volcano that rises from a depth of about 2250 m.  The small, uninhabited 3-km-wide island contains a roughly 2-km-wide caldera with walls 250-350 m high.  The caldera, which is open to the sea on the west, was created during a major explosive eruption in the late Pleistocene that produced pyroclastic-flow and -surge deposits.  The morphology of a fresh pyroclastic cone that was constructed in the center of the caldera has varied during the course of historical eruptions.  Lava flows fill much of the caldera floor and have reached the sea along the western coast during eruptions in the 19th century and more recently in 1991 and 1995.
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Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institution

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