Berlin volcano

Updated: Jul 7, 2022 05:15 GMT - Refresh
Shield volcanoes 3478 m / 11,411 ft
West Antarctica,  , -76.05°S / -136°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)

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Typical eruption style: unspecified
Berlin volcano eruptions: 8350 BC ± 1000 years
Lastest nearby earthquakes: No recent earthquakes

Background

Mount Berlin consists of two coalescing shield volcanoes, Berlin Crater and Merrem Peak, each with a 2-km-wide summit caldera. Mount Berlin is located in the Flood Range of Marie Byrd Land, near the eastern coast of the Ross Sea. The two calderas are oriented along an east-west line, characteristic of Flood Range volcanoes. The westernmost and highest volcano, Berlin Crater, reaches 3478 m and is located 3.5 km ESE of Merrem Peak caldera. Berlin Crater displays active fumaroles along its western and northern caldera rims, producing the characteristic Antarctic fumarolic ice towers. The youngest dated tephra of a series of tephra layers in glacial ice at Mount Moulton that was attributed to Mount Berlin had an age of about 14.5 +/- 3.8 thousand years (ka), and a younger undated tephra layer was present. A lava flow at the base of an ice cave below a fumarolic ice tower was dated at about 10.3 +/- 2.7 ka.
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Smithsonian / GVP volcano information


See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
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