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News

Lava flow field on Bristol Island on 22 Sep 2016 (image: Landsat 8 / annotated by Culture Volcan)
Wednesday, Sep 14, 2016
The latest eruption of the volcano during April - late July 2016 could only be observed from space. An analysis of images taken before, during and after the eruption allows to see a vast field of fresh lava flows. ... [more]
Satellite image of Bristol Island volcano yesterday
Monday, Aug 08, 2016
The eruption on the remote island seems to have come to and end or paused. ... [more]
 

Bristol Island volcano

Stratovolcano 1100 m / 3,609 ft
United Kingdom, South Sandwich Is, -59.03°S / -26.58°W
Current status: minor activity or eruption warning (3 out of 5)
Bristol Island webcams / live data
Bristol Island volcano books
Last update: 14 Sep 2016
Typical eruption style: unspecified
Bristol Island volcano eruptions: 2016, 1956 NASA Earth Observatory image of Bristol Island on 24 April 2016 by Jesse Allen, using Landsat data from the U.S. Geological Survey.No recent earthquakes
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Bristol volcano forms an ice-capped, roughly rectangular island 12x14 km wide and is one of the largest of the South Sandwich Islands chain. Its highest peak is 1100 meters (3,609 feet) above sea level.
Although very active, it is one of the least studied and least known volcanoes in the world due to the remote location. Prior to its most recent eruption in 2016, detected on satellite imagery, the only other known eruption of Bristol Island occurred in 1956.

Background:

The 9 x 10 km Bristol Island near the southern end of the South Sandwich arc lies across Fortser's Passage from the Southern Thule Islands and forms one of the largest islands of the chain. Largely glacier-covered, it contains a horseshoe-shaped ridge at the interior extending northward from the highest peak, 1100-m-high Mount Darnley. A steep-sided flank cone or lava dome, Havfruen Peak, is located on the east side, and a young crater and fissure are on the west flank.
Three large sea stacks lying off Turmoil Point at the western tip of the island may be remnants of an older now-eroded volcanic center. Both summit and flank vents on Bristol Island have been active during historical time. The latest eruption, during 1956, originated from the west-flank crater, and deposited cinder over the icecap. The extensive icecap on Bristol Island and the difficulty of landing make it the least explored of the South Sandwich Islands.
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Smithsonian / GVP volcano information


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