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Stratovolcano 2329 m / 7,641 ft
East Java, Indonesia, -7.94°S / 112.95°ECurrent status
: normal or dormant
(1 out of 5)Bromo webcams / live data
| ReportsBromo volcano videosBromo volcano books | ToursBromo volcano eruptions:
1804, 1815, 1820, 1822, 1825, 1829, 1830, 1835, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1858, 1859, 1860, 1865, 1865, 1866, 1867-68, 1877, 1885, 1885-86, 1886, 1886-87, 1888(?), 1890, 1893, 1896, 1906-07, 1907, 1907-08, 1909, 1910, 1915-16, 1921, 1922, 1928, 1930, 1935, 1939, 1940, 1948, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1972, 1980, 1983(?), 1983, 1984, 1995 (March-May), 1995 (Sep-Dec), 2000 (Nov)-20001 (Jan), 2004 (June), Dec 2010 - 2011, Dec 2015 - Feb 2016, Mar 2019 - ongoingTypical eruption style:
Explosive. Frequent small, phreatic eruptions at Bromo cinder cone on the bottom of the caldera.Last earthquakes nearby
Bromo volcano toursFrom Krakatau to Bali
(16-days study and photo tour to Java, Indonesia)Volcanoes of Java
(17-days walking and trekking tour on Java)A Dream Come True - World Volcano Tour
(4 weeks round-the-world trip to Hawai'i - Vanuatu - New Zealand - Indonesia)Volcanoes of East Java
(4-5 days walking tour to Bromo, Semeru and Ijen)Bromo, Semeru, Ijen
(trekking tour to Semeru, Bromo, Ijen volcanoes (East Java))Latest satellite imagesSentinel hub
| Landsat 8
Zoom onto the cone of Bromo volcano (from the satellite image to the left).
NASA space image of Bromo volcano, located inside the Tengger caldera.
News & activity updates:
Bromo volcano (East Java, Indonesia): alert level increased to yellow
Wednesday Oct 03, 2012 08:09 AM | BY: T
A sharp increase in volcanic tremor recorded this morning at Bromo volcano prompted the Indonesian Volcanological Survey to raise the alert level for the volcano from 1 (normal) to 2 (unrest) on a scale of 1-4.
Except for a weak steam and gas plume rising 50 m from the crater, there are no other changes suggesting any immediate eruption. The last eruption was between late 2010-March 2011 and caused extensive damage by ash fall on nearby villages.
Links / Sources:
Thursday, Apr 05, 2012
During the past weeks, only white plumes were seen at Bromo rosing to about 50 m above the crater and seismicity declined. On 30 March the Alert Level was lowered back to 1.
Wednesday, Feb 16, 2011
As observed on location today, Bromo erupts dense clouds of ash, rising to about 1 km above the crater, drifting east. The emissions fluctuate in intensity with phases of weaker and strong emissions alternating ca. every 20 minutes. The activity is often accompanied by near continuous roaring noises resembling a strong surf. During stronger phases, loud explosions sounds heard in many kilometers distance as well as shock waves rattling windows in nearby villages accompany the eruptions.
Saturday, Feb 12, 2011
The VAAC Darwin reports an ash plume from Bromo's eruption rising to 26,000 ft (ca 9 km) drifting 90 nm NW reaching Surabaya. A low-level plume at 10,000 ft (ca. 3 km) is drifting 20 nm SE.
Thursday, Feb 10, 2011
Mild explosive activity continues at Bromo volcano, with a sustained plume of ash reaching 400-800 m above the crater and incandescent material visible at night, according to local news sources. ...
Saturday, Feb 05, 2011
As our correspondent Doni living near Bromo volcano reports, the volcano is "still very active you can see strombolian eruptions". Explosion sounds can be heard in up to 28 km distance. ...
Gunung Bromo (Mount Bromo) volcano is a small, but active volcanic cinder cone on the Indonesian island of Java. Bromo is located in the center of the Sandsea Caldera, itself only a portion of the larger Tengger Caldera. The Sandsea caldera formed around 8,000 years ago, in what must have been a massive eruption. Subsequent volcanic activity formed the cluster of cinder cones in the caldera’s center, including Bromo.
The historical record indicates eruptions of Bromo every few years since 1804, and geologic evidence indicates eruptions at least several hundred years earlier. The most recent eruption occured in 2004, and tragically killed two tourists.
The image above shows most of the Sandsea Caldera, along with Gunung Bromo and the older volcanoes on the caldera floor. A small plume of steam is visible rising out of Mt. Bromo. Space Imaging’s IKONOS satellite, capable of 4-meter per-pixel color imagery, and 1-meter per-pixel resolution panchromatic imagery, acquired the data on July 8, 2001.
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