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Stratovolcano 2329 m / 7,641 ft
East Java, Indonesia, -7.94°S / 112.95°E
(2 out of 5)
Bromo webcams / live data
| ReportsBromo volcano videosBromo volcano books | Tours
Bromo volcano eruptions:
1804, 1815, 1820, 1822, 1825, 1829, 1830, 1835, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1858, 1859, 1860, 1865, 1865, 1866, 1867-68, 1877, 1885, 1885-86, 1886, 1886-87, 1888(?), 1890, 1893, 1896, 1906-07, 1907, 1907-08, 1909, 1910, 1915-16, 1921, 1922, 1928, 1930, 1935, 1939, 1940, 1948, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1972, 1980, 1983(?), 1983, 1984, 1995 (March-May), 1995 (Sep-Dec), 2000 (Nov)-20001 (Jan), 2004 (June), Dec 2010 - 2011, Dec 2015 - Feb 2016, Mar 2019 - ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Explosive. Frequent small, phreatic eruptions at Bromo cinder cone on the bottom of the caldera.
Last earthquakes nearby
Bromo volcano toursFrom Krakatau to Bali
(16-days study and photo tour to Java, Indonesia)Volcanoes of Java
(17-days walking and trekking tour on Java)A Dream Come True - World Volcano Tour
(4 weeks round-the-world trip to Hawai'i - Vanuatu - New Zealand - Indonesia)Volcanoes of East Java
(4-5 days walking tour to Bromo, Semeru and Ijen)Bromo, Semeru, Ijen
(trekking tour to Semeru, Bromo, Ijen volcanoes (East Java))
Latest satellite imagesSentinel hub
| Landsat 8
Zoom onto the cone of Bromo volcano (from the satellite image to the left).
NASA space image of Bromo volcano, located inside the Tengger caldera.
News & activity updates:
Bromo volcano (East Java, Indonesia): eruption continues, ash reaches 26,000 ft altitude
Saturday Feb 12, 2011 11:02 AM |
The VAAC Darwin reports an ash plume from Bromo's eruption rising to 26,000 ft (ca 9 km) drifting 90 nm NW reaching Surabaya. A low-level plume at 10,000 ft (ca. 3 km) is drifting 20 nm SE.
Links / Sources:
Thursday, Feb 10, 2011
Mild explosive activity continues at Bromo volcano, with a sustained plume of ash reaching 400-800 m above the crater and incandescent material visible at night, according to local news sources. ...
Saturday, Feb 05, 2011
As our correspondent Doni living near Bromo volcano reports, the volcano is "still very active you can see strombolian eruptions". Explosion sounds can be heard in up to 28 km distance. ...
Tuesday, Jan 25, 2011
A powerful explosion occured at Bromo volcano on the evening of 24 Jan, producing an ash column of 2 km height as observed by our correspondant on location.
Wednesday, Dec 22, 2010
Bromo volcano exploded again late on 20 December, causing an ash plume rising to ca. 6000 m (20,000 ft) and drifting about 80 km south according to satellite data from the VAAC Darwin.
Saturday, Dec 18, 2010
The ash emission from Bromo has been decreasing in the past days. The volcano still emits a plume to 400-800 m height comprising mostly steam and little ash. The Indonesian Volcanological Survey has downgraded its level to 3 (out of 4). A 2 km exclusion zone is still in place.
Gunung Bromo (Mount Bromo) volcano is a small, but active volcanic cinder cone on the Indonesian island of Java. Bromo is located in the center of the Sandsea Caldera, itself only a portion of the larger Tengger Caldera. The Sandsea caldera formed around 8,000 years ago, in what must have been a massive eruption. Subsequent volcanic activity formed the cluster of cinder cones in the caldera’s center, including Bromo.
The historical record indicates eruptions of Bromo every few years since 1804, and geologic evidence indicates eruptions at least several hundred years earlier. The most recent eruption occured in 2004, and tragically killed two tourists.
The image above shows most of the Sandsea Caldera, along with Gunung Bromo and the older volcanoes on the caldera floor. A small plume of steam is visible rising out of Mt. Bromo. Space Imaging’s IKONOS satellite, capable of 4-meter per-pixel color imagery, and 1-meter per-pixel resolution panchromatic imagery, acquired the data on July 8, 2001.
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