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Stratovolcano 2329 m / 7,641 ft
East Java, Indonesia, -7.94°S / 112.95°E
: normal or dormant
(1 out of 5)
Bromo webcams / live data
| ReportsVolcano videosBooks
Bromo volcano eruptions:
1804, 1815, 1820, 1822, 1825, 1829, 1830, 1835, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1858, 1859, 1860, 1865, 1865, 1866, 1867-68, 1877, 1885, 1885-86, 1886, 1886-87, 1888(?), 1890, 1893, 1896, 1906-07, 1907, 1907-08, 1909, 1910, 1915-16, 1921, 1922, 1928, 1930, 1935, 1939, 1940, 1948, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1972, 1980, 1983(?), 1983, 1984, 1995 (March-May), 1995 (Sep-Dec), 2000 (Nov)-20001 (Jan), 2004 (June), Dec 2010 - 2011, Dec 2015 - Feb 2016, Mar 2019 - ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Explosive. Frequent small, phreatic eruptions at Bromo cinder cone on the bottom of the caldera.
Last earthquakes nearby
Bromo volcano toursFrom Krakatau to Bali
(16-days study and photo tour to Java, Indonesia)Volcanoes of Java
(17-days walking and trekking tour on Java)Dream Come True - World Volcano Tour
(4-week round-the-world trip to Hawaii - Vanuatu - New Zealand - Indonesia)Volcanoes of East Java
(4-5 days walking tour to Bromo, Semeru and Ijen)Bromo, Semeru, Ijen
(trekking tour to Semeru, Bromo, Ijen volcanoes (East Java))
Latest satellite imagesSentinel hub
| Landsat 8
Zoom onto the cone of Bromo volcano (from the satellite image to the left).
NASA space image of Bromo volcano, located inside the Tengger caldera.
News & activity updates:
Bromo volcano (East Java, Indonesia) activity update
Thu, 28 Jul 2016, 12:05
12:05 PM | BY: T
Ash plume from Bromo on 21 July 2016 (image: PVMBG)
Mild, diffuse ash and steam emissions continue from the crater.
Mild to moderate ash emissions continue, generating a plume that rises up to 500-1000 m and drifts mostly northwest before dissipating. ... read all
Ash emissions continue at fluctuating levels. A stronger phase of emissions yesterday produced a plume that rose approx. 1200 meters and drifted in westerly directions over Malang, forcing a temporary closure of the city's regional Abdul Rachman Saleh airport. ... read all
Intermittent mild to moderate emissions continue to occur at the volcano. ... read all
Our expedition leader Andi currently on location reported that the volcano's activity has been increased since 4 days ago, with visible activity consisting of mild phreatic explosions and strong steaming. read all
The activity of the volcano remains low. Sporadic, relatively weak ash emissions continue to occur from time to time and a weak glow is visible sometimes at night. ... read all
Gunung Bromo (Mount Bromo) volcano is a small, but active volcanic cinder cone on the Indonesian island of Java. Bromo is located in the center of the Sandsea Caldera, itself only a portion of the larger Tengger Caldera. The Sandsea caldera formed around 8,000 years ago, in what must have been a massive eruption. Subsequent volcanic activity formed the cluster of cinder cones in the caldera’s center, including Bromo.
The historical record indicates eruptions of Bromo every few years since 1804, and geologic evidence indicates eruptions at least several hundred years earlier. The most recent eruption occured in 2004, and tragically killed two tourists.
The image above shows most of the Sandsea Caldera, along with Gunung Bromo and the older volcanoes on the caldera floor. A small plume of steam is visible rising out of Mt. Bromo. Space Imaging’s IKONOS satellite, capable of 4-meter per-pixel color imagery, and 1-meter per-pixel resolution panchromatic imagery, acquired the data on July 8, 2001.
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