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Bromo volcano
Stratovolcano 2329 m / 7,641 ft
East Java, Indonesia, -7.94°S / 112.95°E
Current status: minor activity or eruption warning (3 out of 5)
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Bromo volcano eruptions:
1804, 1815, 1820, 1822, 1825, 1829, 1830, 1835, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1858, 1859, 1860, 1865, 1865, 1866, 1867-68, 1877, 1885, 1885-86, 1886, 1886-87, 1888(?), 1890, 1893, 1896, 1906-07, 1907, 1907-08, 1909, 1910, 1915-16, 1921, 1922, 1928, 1930, 1935, 1939, 1940, 1948, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1972, 1980, 1983(?), 1983, 1984, 1995 (March-May), 1995 (Sep-Dec), 2000 (Nov)-20001 (Jan), 2004 (June), Dec 2010 - 2011, Dec 2015 - Feb 2016 - ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Explosive. Frequent small, phreatic eruptions at Bromo cinder cone on the bottom of the caldera.
Last earthquakes nearby
Bromo volcano tours
From Krakatau to Bali (16-days photo workshop tour to the volcanoes on Java, Indonesia)
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Volcanoes of East Java (4-5 days walking tour to Bromo, Semeru and Ijen)
Bromo, Semeru, Ijen (trekking tour to Semeru, Bromo, Ijen volcanoes (East Java))

Latest satellite images
Zoom onto the cone of Bromo volcano (from the satellite image to the left).
Zoom onto the cone of Bromo volcano (from the satellite image to the left).

NASA space image of Bromo volcano, located inside the Tengger caldera.
NASA space image of Bromo volcano, located inside the Tengger caldera.
 

News & activity updates:

Bromo volcano Volcanic Ash Advisory: CONTINUOUS VA EMISSION OBS TO FL100 EXT TO NW

Friday Nov 11, 2016 01:00 AM |

Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Darwin (VAAC) issued the following report:

FVAU0295 at 00:56 UTC, 11/11/16 from ADRM
VA ADVISORY
DTG: 20161111/0100Z
VAAC: DARWIN
VOLCANO: TENGGER CALDERA 263310
PSN: S0757 E11257
AREA: INDONESIA
SUMMIT ELEV: 2329M
ADVISORY NR: 2016/468
INFO SOURCE: HIMAWARI-8, CVGHM, WEBCAM
AVIATION COLOUR CODE: ORANGE
ERUPTION DETAILS: CONTINUOUS VA EMISSION OBS TO FL100 EXT TO
NW
OBS VA DTG: 11/0100Z
OBS VA CLD: SFC/FL100 S0742 E11300 - S0745 E11247 - S0800
E11256 - S0758 E11300 MOV NW 5KT
FCST VA CLD +6 HR: 11/0700Z SFC/FL100 S0758 E11259 - S0741
E11256 - S0747 E11243 - S0800 E11255
FCST VA CLD +12 HR: 11/1300Z SFC/FL100 S0741 E11256 - S0747
E11243 - S0800 E11255 - S0758 E11259
FCST VA CLD +18 HR: 11/1900Z SFC/FL100 S0741 E11256 - S0747
E11243 - S0800 E11255 - S0758 E11259
RMK: CVGHM REPORT ERUPTION TO 900M ABOVE SUMMIT. VA
CURRENTLY UNIDENTIFIABLE ON SAT IMAGERY DUE TO MET CLOUD,
HOWEVER ASH STILL EXPECTED IN AREA. VA HEIGHT AND MOVEMENT
BASED ON HIMAWARI-8 IMAGERY AND US-GFS GUIDANCE.
NXT ADVISORY: NO LATER THAN 20161111/0700Z

Previous news
Thursday, Nov 10, 2016
Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Darwin (VAAC) issued the following report: ... [more]
Satellite image of Bromo volcano on 18 Oct 2016
Tuesday, Oct 18, 2016
Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Darwin (VAAC) issued the following report: ... [more]
Ash emission from Bromo on 6 Oct 2016
Monday, Oct 10, 2016
The volcano remains highly restless with fluctuating intensity of degassing and ash venting. A peak of activity took place during 6-8 Oct when intense degassing and near-continuous ash emissions occurred in longer phases. ... [more]
Satellite image of Bromo volcano on  6 Oct 2016
Thursday, Oct 06, 2016
Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Darwin (VAAC) issued the following report: ... [more]
Satellite image of Bromo volcano on  5 Oct 2016
Wednesday, Oct 05, 2016
Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Darwin (VAAC) issued the following report: ... [more]

Background:

Gunung Bromo (Mount Bromo) volcano is a small, but active volcanic cinder cone on the Indonesian island of Java. Bromo is located in the center of the Sandsea Caldera, itself only a portion of the larger Tengger Caldera. The Sandsea caldera formed around 8,000 years ago, in what must have been a massive eruption. Subsequent volcanic activity formed the cluster of cinder cones in the caldera’s center, including Bromo.
The historical record indicates eruptions of Bromo every few years since 1804, and geologic evidence indicates eruptions at least several hundred years earlier. The most recent eruption occured in 2004, and tragically killed two tourists.


The image above shows most of the Sandsea Caldera, along with Gunung Bromo and the older volcanoes on the caldera floor. A small plume of steam is visible rising out of Mt. Bromo. Space Imaging’s IKONOS satellite, capable of 4-meter per-pixel color imagery, and 1-meter per-pixel resolution panchromatic imagery, acquired the data on July 8, 2001.


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