Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Guaranteed tours
8-16 May 2021: From Stromboli to Etna - Sicila and Eolian Islands (Italy)
: spaces available / : guaranteed / : few spaces left / : booked out
Bromo volcano
Stratovolcano 2329 m / 7,641 ft
East Java, Indonesia, -7.94°S / 112.95°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Bromo webcams / live data | Reports
Volcano videos
Bromo volcano eruptions:
1804, 1815, 1820, 1822, 1825, 1829, 1830, 1835, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1858, 1859, 1860, 1865, 1865, 1866, 1867-68, 1877, 1885, 1885-86, 1886, 1886-87, 1888(?), 1890, 1893, 1896, 1906-07, 1907, 1907-08, 1909, 1910, 1915-16, 1921, 1922, 1928, 1930, 1935, 1939, 1940, 1948, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1972, 1980, 1983(?), 1983, 1984, 1995 (March-May), 1995 (Sep-Dec), 2000 (Nov)-20001 (Jan), 2004 (June), Dec 2010 - 2011, Dec 2015 - Feb 2016, Mar 2019 - ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Explosive. Frequent small, phreatic eruptions at Bromo cinder cone on the bottom of the caldera.
Last earthquakes nearby
Bromo volcano tours
From Krakatau to Bali (16-days study and photo tour to Java, Indonesia)
Volcanoes of Java (17-days walking and trekking tour on Java)
Dream Come True - World Volcano Tour (4-week round-the-world trip to Hawaii - Vanuatu - New Zealand - Indonesia)
Volcanoes of East Java (4-5 days walking tour to Bromo, Semeru and Ijen)
Bromo, Semeru, Ijen (trekking tour to Semeru, Bromo, Ijen volcanoes (East Java))

Latest satellite images

Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
Zoom onto the cone of Bromo volcano (from the satellite image to the left).
Zoom onto the cone of Bromo volcano (from the satellite image to the left).

NASA space image of Bromo volcano, located inside the Tengger caldera.
NASA space image of Bromo volcano, located inside the Tengger caldera.

News & activity updates:

Bromo volcano (East Java, Indonesia) activity update: normal steaming, alert lowered to normal (1 out of 4)

Thu, 5 Apr 2012, 10:05
10:05 AM | BY: T
During the past weeks, only white plumes were seen at Bromo rosing to about 50 m above the crater and seismicity declined. On 30 March the Alert Level was lowered back to 1.
Previous news
Wed, 16 Feb 2011, 10:09
Typical activity of Bromo consisting of strong ash emissions following in short intervals (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer, 16 Feb 2011)
As observed on location today, Bromo erupts dense clouds of ash, rising to about 1 km above the crater, drifting east. The emissions fluctuate in intensity with phases of weaker and strong emissions alternating ca. every 20 minutes. The activity is often accompanied by near continuous roaring noises resembling a strong surf. During stronger phases, loud explosions sounds heard in many kilometers distance as well as shock waves rattling windows in nearby villages accompany the eruptions. ... read all
Sat, 12 Feb 2011, 11:02
The VAAC Darwin reports an ash plume from Bromo's eruption rising to 26,000 ft (ca 9 km) drifting 90 nm NW reaching Surabaya. A low-level plume at 10,000 ft (ca. 3 km) is drifting 20 nm SE. ... read all
Thu, 10 Feb 2011, 09:24
Mild explosive activity continues at Bromo volcano, with a sustained plume of ash reaching 400-800 m above the crater and incandescent material visible at night, according to local news sources. ... read all
Sat, 5 Feb 2011, 23:49
As our correspondent Doni living near Bromo volcano reports, the volcano is "still very active you can see strombolian eruptions". Explosion sounds can be heard in up to 28 km distance. read all
Tue, 25 Jan 2011, 23:09
A powerful explosion occured at Bromo volcano on the evening of 24 Jan, producing an ash column of 2 km height as observed by our correspondant on location. ... read all


Gunung Bromo (Mount Bromo) volcano is a small, but active volcanic cinder cone on the Indonesian island of Java. Bromo is located in the center of the Sandsea Caldera, itself only a portion of the larger Tengger Caldera. The Sandsea caldera formed around 8,000 years ago, in what must have been a massive eruption. Subsequent volcanic activity formed the cluster of cinder cones in the caldera’s center, including Bromo.
The historical record indicates eruptions of Bromo every few years since 1804, and geologic evidence indicates eruptions at least several hundred years earlier. The most recent eruption occured in 2004, and tragically killed two tourists.

The image above shows most of the Sandsea Caldera, along with Gunung Bromo and the older volcanoes on the caldera floor. A small plume of steam is visible rising out of Mt. Bromo. Space Imaging’s IKONOS satellite, capable of 4-meter per-pixel color imagery, and 1-meter per-pixel resolution panchromatic imagery, acquired the data on July 8, 2001.


More on VolcanoDiscovery

Why is there advertising on this site?
Copyrights: VolcanoDiscovery and other sources as noted.
Use of material: Most texts and images, in particular photographs, on this website are protected by copyright. Further reproduction and use of without authorization is usually not consented. If you are not sure or need licensing rights for photographs, for example for publications and commercial use, please contact us.