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Random pictures
Bromo volcano
Stratovolcano 2329 m / 7,641 ft
East Java, Indonesia, -7.94°S / 112.95°E
Current status: restless (2 out of 5)
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Bromo volcano eruptions:
1804, 1815, 1820, 1822, 1825, 1829, 1830, 1835, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1858, 1859, 1860, 1865, 1865, 1866, 1867-68, 1877, 1885, 1885-86, 1886, 1886-87, 1888(?), 1890, 1893, 1896, 1906-07, 1907, 1907-08, 1909, 1910, 1915-16, 1921, 1922, 1928, 1930, 1935, 1939, 1940, 1948, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1972, 1980, 1983(?), 1983, 1984, 1995 (March-May), 1995 (Sep-Dec), 2000 (Nov)-20001 (Jan), 2004 (June), Dec 2010 - 2011, Dec 2015 - Feb 2016, Mar 2019 - ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Explosive. Frequent small, phreatic eruptions at Bromo cinder cone on the bottom of the caldera.
Last earthquakes nearby
Bromo volcano tours
From Krakatau to Bali (16-days study and photo tour to Java, Indonesia)
Volcanoes of Java (17-days walking and trekking tour on Java)
A Dream Come True - World Volcano Tour (4 weeks round-the-world trip to Hawai'i - Vanuatu - New Zealand - Indonesia)
Volcanoes of East Java (4-5 days walking tour to Bromo, Semeru and Ijen)
Bromo, Semeru, Ijen (trekking tour to Semeru, Bromo, Ijen volcanoes (East Java))

Latest satellite images

Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
Zoom onto the cone of Bromo volcano (from the satellite image to the left).
Zoom onto the cone of Bromo volcano (from the satellite image to the left).

NASA space image of Bromo volcano, located inside the Tengger caldera.
NASA space image of Bromo volcano, located inside the Tengger caldera.
 

News & activity updates:

Bromo Volcano Volcanic Ash Advisory: CONTINUOUS VA EMISSIONS TO FL140 EST VA DTG: 13/1225Z

Wednesday Mar 13, 2019 12:30 PM | BY: VN

Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Darwin (VAAC) issued the following report:

FVAU02 at 12:21 UTC, 13/03/19 from ADRM
VA ADVISORY
DTG: 20190313/1225Z
VAAC: DARWIN
VOLCANO: TENGGER CALDERA 263310
PSN: S0757 E11257
AREA: INDONESIA
SUMMIT ELEV: 2329M
ADVISORY NR: 2019/11
INFO SOURCE: HIMAWARI-8, GROUND REPORT, PIREP
AVIATION COLOUR CODE: ORANGE
ERUPTION DETAILS: CONTINUOUS VA EMISSIONS TO FL140
EST VA DTG: 13/1225Z
EST VA CLD: SFC/FL140 S0758 E11257 - S0747 E11315 - S0734
E11301 - S0743 E11254 - S0757 E11255 MOV N 15KT
FCST VA CLD +6 HR: 13/1825Z SFC/FL140 S0758 E11257 - S0756
E11255 - S0743 E11254 - S0734 E11300 - S0745 E11315
FCST VA CLD +12 HR: 14/0025Z SFC/FL140 S0758 E11257 - S0746
E11316 - S0734 E11300 - S0743 E11254 - S0757 E11255
FCST VA CLD +18 HR: 14/0625Z SFC/FL140 S0758 E11257 - S0757
E11254 - S0743 E11254 - S0733 E11300 - S0745 E11316
RMK: VA UNIDENTIFIABLE ON CURRENT IMAGERY DUE TO
THUNDERSTORMS OBSCURING SUMMIT. HEIGHT AND MOVEMENT BASED ON
SURABAYA 13/0000Z SOUNDING, HIMAWARI-8 IMAGERY AND MODEL
GUIDANCE. VA TOP INCREASED TO FL140 BASED ON PIREP
NXT ADVISORY: NO LATER THAN 20190313/1825Z

Previous news
Satellite image of Bromo volcano on 13 Mar 2019
Wednesday, Mar 13, 2019
Explosive activity continues. Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC) Darwin warned about a volcanic ash plume that rose up to estimated 11000 ft (3400 m) altitude or flight level 110 and is moving at 10 kts in E direction. ... [more]
Tuesday, Mar 12, 2019
Explosive activity continues. Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC) Darwin warned about a volcanic ash plume that rose up to estimated 11000 ft (3400 m) altitude or flight level 110 and is moving at 5 kts in SW direction. ... [more]
Monday, Mar 11, 2019
Explosive activity continues. Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC) Darwin warned about a volcanic ash plume that rose up to estimated 10000 ft (3000 m) altitude or flight level 100 . ... [more]
Satellite image of Bromo volcano on 11 Mar 2019
Monday, Mar 11, 2019
Explosive activity continues. Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC) Darwin warned about a volcanic ash plume that rose up to estimated 10000 ft (3000 m) altitude or flight level 100 and is moving at 5 kts in W direction. ... [more]
Monday, Mar 11, 2019
Explosive activity continues. Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC) Darwin warned about a volcanic ash plume that rose up to estimated 10000 ft (3000 m) altitude or flight level 100 and is moving at 10 kts in SW direction. ... [more]

Background:

Gunung Bromo (Mount Bromo) volcano is a small, but active volcanic cinder cone on the Indonesian island of Java. Bromo is located in the center of the Sandsea Caldera, itself only a portion of the larger Tengger Caldera. The Sandsea caldera formed around 8,000 years ago, in what must have been a massive eruption. Subsequent volcanic activity formed the cluster of cinder cones in the caldera’s center, including Bromo.
The historical record indicates eruptions of Bromo every few years since 1804, and geologic evidence indicates eruptions at least several hundred years earlier. The most recent eruption occured in 2004, and tragically killed two tourists.


The image above shows most of the Sandsea Caldera, along with Gunung Bromo and the older volcanoes on the caldera floor. A small plume of steam is visible rising out of Mt. Bromo. Space Imaging’s IKONOS satellite, capable of 4-meter per-pixel color imagery, and 1-meter per-pixel resolution panchromatic imagery, acquired the data on July 8, 2001.


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