Bromo Volcano Volcanic Ash Advisory: CONTINUOUS VA EMISSION TO FL100 MOV N.

Fri, 15 Mar 2019, 18:30
18:30 PM | BY: VN
Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Darwin (VAAC) issued the following report:

FVAU02 at 18:25 UTC, 15/03/19 from ADRM
VA ADVISORY
DTG: 20190315/1825Z
VAAC: DARWIN
VOLCANO: TENGGER CALDERA 263310
PSN: S0757 E11257
AREA: INDONESIA
SUMMIT ELEV: 2329M
ADVISORY NR: 2019/20
INFO SOURCE: HIMAWARI-8, CVGHM
AVIATION COLOUR CODE: ORANGE
ERUPTION DETAILS: CONTINUOUS VA EMISSION TO FL100 MOV N.
EST VA DTG: 15/1825Z
EST VA CLD: SFC/FL100 S0757 E11259 - S0738 E11302 - S0733
E11249 - S0746 E11239 - S0758 E11255 MOV NW 10KT
FCST VA CLD +6 HR: 16/0025Z SFC/FL100 S0757 E11259 - S0758
E11255 - S0746 E11239 - S0733 E11249 - S0738 E11302
FCST VA CLD +12 HR: 16/0625Z SFC/FL100 S0757 E11259 - S0738
E11302 - S0732 E11246 - S0748 E11237 - S0758 E11255
FCST VA CLD +18 HR: 16/1225Z SFC/FL100 S0757 E11259 - S0758
E11255 - S0746 E11239 - S0733 E11249 - S0739 E11304
RMK: VA NOT DISCERNIBLE ON LATEST SATELLITE IMAGERY DUE TO
MET CLOUD OBSCURATION, HOWEVER ONGOING ERUPTION REPORTED BY
15/0054Z VONA. HEIGHT AND FORECAST BASED ON 15/0054Z VONA,
SURABAYA 15/1200Z SOUNDING AND MODEL GUIDANCE.
NXT ADVISORY: NO LATER THAN 20190316/0025Z

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Background:

Gunung Bromo (Mount Bromo) volcano is a small, but active volcanic cinder cone on the Indonesian island of Java. Bromo is located in the center of the Sandsea Caldera, itself only a portion of the larger Tengger Caldera. The Sandsea caldera formed around 8,000 years ago, in what must have been a massive eruption. Subsequent volcanic activity formed the cluster of cinder cones in the caldera's center, including Bromo.
The historical record indicates eruptions of Bromo every few years since 1804, and geologic evidence indicates eruptions at least several hundred years earlier. The most recent eruption occured in 2004, and tragically killed two tourists.


The image above shows most of the Sandsea Caldera, along with Gunung Bromo and the older volcanoes on the caldera floor. A small plume of steam is visible rising out of Mt. Bromo. Space Imaging's IKONOS satellite, capable of 4-meter per-pixel color imagery, and 1-meter per-pixel resolution panchromatic imagery, acquired the data on July 8, 2001.


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