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Stratovolcano 2329 m / 7,641 ft
East Java, Indonesia, -7.94°S / 112.95°E
: normal or dormant
(1 out of 5)
Bromo webcams / live data
| ReportsVolcano videosBooks
Bromo volcano eruptions:
1804, 1815, 1820, 1822, 1825, 1829, 1830, 1835, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1858, 1859, 1860, 1865, 1865, 1866, 1867-68, 1877, 1885, 1885-86, 1886, 1886-87, 1888(?), 1890, 1893, 1896, 1906-07, 1907, 1907-08, 1909, 1910, 1915-16, 1921, 1922, 1928, 1930, 1935, 1939, 1940, 1948, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1972, 1980, 1983(?), 1983, 1984, 1995 (March-May), 1995 (Sep-Dec), 2000 (Nov)-20001 (Jan), 2004 (June), Dec 2010 - 2011, Dec 2015 - Feb 2016, Mar 2019 - ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Explosive. Frequent small, phreatic eruptions at Bromo cinder cone on the bottom of the caldera.
Last earthquakes nearby
Bromo volcano toursFrom Krakatau to Bali
(16-days study and photo tour to Java, Indonesia)Volcanoes of Java
(17-days walking and trekking tour on Java)Dream Come True - World Volcano Tour
(4-week round-the-world trip to Hawaii - Vanuatu - New Zealand - Indonesia)Volcanoes of East Java
(4-5 days walking tour to Bromo, Semeru and Ijen)Bromo, Semeru, Ijen
(trekking tour to Semeru, Bromo, Ijen volcanoes (East Java))
Latest satellite imagesSentinel hub
| Landsat 8
Zoom onto the cone of Bromo volcano (from the satellite image to the left).
NASA space image of Bromo volcano, located inside the Tengger caldera.
News & activity updates:
Bromo Volcano Volcanic Ash Advisory: CONTINUOUS VA EMISSION TO FL100 OBS VA DTG: 17/1730Z to 10000 ft (3000 m)
Wed, 17 Apr 2019, 17:30
17:30 PM | BY: VN
Satellite image of Bromo volcano on 17 Apr 2019
Explosive activity continues. Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC) Darwin warned about a volcanic ash plume that rose up to estimated 10000 ft (3000 m) altitude or flight level 100 and is moving at 5 kts in W direction.
The full report is as follows:
FVAU04 at 17:21 UTC, 17/04/19 from ADRM
VOLCANO: TENGGER CALDERA 263310
PSN: S0757 E11257
SUMMIT ELEV: 2329M
ADVISORY NR: 2019/104
INFO SOURCE: HIMAWARI-8, WEBCAM
AVIATION COLOUR CODE: ORANGE
ERUPTION DETAILS: CONTINUOUS VA EMISSION TO FL100
OBS VA DTG: 17/1730Z
OBS VA CLD: SFC/FL100 S0758 E11258 - S0756 E11258 - S0749
E11248 - S0754 E11243 - S0800 E11244 MOV W 5KT
FCST VA CLD +6 HR: 17/2330Z SFC/FL100 S0758 E11258 - S0801
E11238 - S0754 E11237 - S0749 E11243 - S0756 E11258
FCST VA CLD +12 HR: 18/0530Z SFC/FL100 S0758 E11258 - S0756
E11259 - S0749 E11243 - S0754 E11237 - S0801 E11238
FCST VA CLD +18 HR: 18/1130Z SFC/FL100 S0759 E11258 - S0800
E11241 - S0752 E11241 - S0748 E11247 - S0755 E11300
RMK: VA NOT DISCERNIBLE ON SATELLITE DUE TO PRESENCE OF MET
CLOUD, HOWEVER ERUPTION IS EXPECTED TO BE ONGOING. HEIGHT
AND FORECAST BASED ON HIMAWARI-8 17/1700Z IMAGERY AND MODEL
NXT ADVISORY: NO LATER THAN 20190417/2330Z
Gunung Bromo (Mount Bromo) volcano is a small, but active volcanic cinder cone on the Indonesian island of Java. Bromo is located in the center of the Sandsea Caldera, itself only a portion of the larger Tengger Caldera. The Sandsea caldera formed around 8,000 years ago, in what must have been a massive eruption. Subsequent volcanic activity formed the cluster of cinder cones in the caldera’s center, including Bromo.
The historical record indicates eruptions of Bromo every few years since 1804, and geologic evidence indicates eruptions at least several hundred years earlier. The most recent eruption occured in 2004, and tragically killed two tourists.
The image above shows most of the Sandsea Caldera, along with Gunung Bromo and the older volcanoes on the caldera floor. A small plume of steam is visible rising out of Mt. Bromo. Space Imaging’s IKONOS satellite, capable of 4-meter per-pixel color imagery, and 1-meter per-pixel resolution panchromatic imagery, acquired the data on July 8, 2001.
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