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Bromo volcano
Stratovolcano 2329 m / 7,641 ft
East Java, Indonesia, -7.94°S / 112.95°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Bromo webcams / live data | Reports
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Bromo volcano eruptions:
1804, 1815, 1820, 1822, 1825, 1829, 1830, 1835, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1858, 1859, 1860, 1865, 1865, 1866, 1867-68, 1877, 1885, 1885-86, 1886, 1886-87, 1888(?), 1890, 1893, 1896, 1906-07, 1907, 1907-08, 1909, 1910, 1915-16, 1921, 1922, 1928, 1930, 1935, 1939, 1940, 1948, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1972, 1980, 1983(?), 1983, 1984, 1995 (March-May), 1995 (Sep-Dec), 2000 (Nov)-20001 (Jan), 2004 (June), Dec 2010 - 2011, Dec 2015 - Feb 2016, Mar 2019 - ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Explosive. Frequent small, phreatic eruptions at Bromo cinder cone on the bottom of the caldera.
Last earthquakes nearby
Bromo volcano tours
From Krakatau to Bali (16-days study and photo tour to Java, Indonesia)
Volcanoes of Java (17-days walking and trekking tour on Java)
Dream Come True - World Volcano Tour (4-week round-the-world trip to Hawaii - Vanuatu - New Zealand - Indonesia)
Volcanoes of East Java (4-5 days walking tour to Bromo, Semeru and Ijen)
Bromo, Semeru, Ijen (trekking tour to Semeru, Bromo, Ijen volcanoes (East Java))

Latest satellite images

Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
Zoom onto the cone of Bromo volcano (from the satellite image to the left).
Zoom onto the cone of Bromo volcano (from the satellite image to the left).

NASA space image of Bromo volcano, located inside the Tengger caldera.
NASA space image of Bromo volcano, located inside the Tengger caldera.
 

News & activity updates:

Bromo Volcano Volcanic Ash Advisory: VA REPORTED TO FL130 AT 29/0250Z OBS VA DTG: 29/0430Z

Mon, 29 Jul 2019, 04:45
04:45 AM | BY: VN
Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Darwin (VAAC) issued the following report:

FVAU03 at 04:31 UTC, 29/07/19 from ADRM
VA ADVISORY
DTG: 20190729/0430Z
VAAC: DARWIN
VOLCANO: TENGGER CALDERA 263310
PSN: S0757 E11257
AREA: INDONESIA
SUMMIT ELEV: 2329M
ADVISORY NR: 2019/114
INFO SOURCE: HIMAWARI-8, WEBCAM, PIREP
AVIATION COLOUR CODE: ORANGE
ERUPTION DETAILS: VA REPORTED TO FL130 AT 29/0250Z
OBS VA DTG: 29/0430Z
OBS VA CLD: VA NOT IDENTIFIABLE FM SATELLITE DATA WIND
SFC/FL130 110/15KT
FCST VA CLD +6 HR: 29/1030Z NOT AVBL
FCST VA CLD +12 HR: 29/1630Z NOT AVBL
FCST VA CLD +18 HR: 29/2230Z NOT AVBL
RMK: A NUMBER OF PILOT REPORTS INDICATE VA UP TO FL130
EXTENDING TO NW OF VOLCANO, HOWEVER VA NOT IDENTIFIABLE ON
SATELLITE IMAGERY. WEBCAM IMAGE AT 29/0423Z SHOW LOW LEVEL
ASH EMISSION CONTINUING. ADVISORY WILL BE UPDATED IF NEW
INFORMATION IS RECEIVED.
NXT ADVISORY: NO FURTHER ADVISORIES

Previous news

Background:

Gunung Bromo (Mount Bromo) volcano is a small, but active volcanic cinder cone on the Indonesian island of Java. Bromo is located in the center of the Sandsea Caldera, itself only a portion of the larger Tengger Caldera. The Sandsea caldera formed around 8,000 years ago, in what must have been a massive eruption. Subsequent volcanic activity formed the cluster of cinder cones in the caldera’s center, including Bromo.
The historical record indicates eruptions of Bromo every few years since 1804, and geologic evidence indicates eruptions at least several hundred years earlier. The most recent eruption occured in 2004, and tragically killed two tourists.


The image above shows most of the Sandsea Caldera, along with Gunung Bromo and the older volcanoes on the caldera floor. A small plume of steam is visible rising out of Mt. Bromo. Space Imaging’s IKONOS satellite, capable of 4-meter per-pixel color imagery, and 1-meter per-pixel resolution panchromatic imagery, acquired the data on July 8, 2001.


 

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