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Chinameca volcano

Updated: Sep 29, 2022 02:10 GMT -
stratovolcano 1300 m / 4,265 ft
El Salvador, 13.48°N / -88.33°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)

Chinameca volcano (also known as El Pacayal) is a small stratovolcano next to the larger San Miguel volcano in eastern El Salvador. It is connected to San Miguel across a low saddle to the SE.
Chinameca is truncated by a 2-km-wide, steep-sided caldera, Laguna Seca el Pacayal. Coffee plantations cover most of the flanks of the volcano.

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Typical eruption style: effusive
Chinameca volcano eruptions: unknown, less than 10,000 years ago

Latest nearby earthquakes

TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Tuesday, September 27, 2022 GMT (1 quake)
Sep 27, 2022 6:43 am (GMT -6) (Sep 27, 2022 12:43 GMT)
1.7

188 km
21 km (13 mi)
24 km north of Usulutan, El Salvador
Saturday, September 24, 2022 GMT (2 quakes)
Sep 24, 2022 7:26 am (GMT -6) (Sep 24, 2022 13:26 GMT)
2.5

2 km
383 km (238 mi)
49 km south of Siuna, Atlantico Norte, Nicaragua
Sep 23, 2022 9:28 pm (GMT -6) (Sep 24, 2022 03:28 GMT)
2.0

3 km
216 km (134 mi)
19 km northeast of Ocotal, Departamento de Nueva Segovia, Nicaragua
Friday, September 23, 2022 GMT (2 quakes)
Sep 23, 2022 12:41 am (GMT -6) (Sep 23, 2022 06:41 GMT)
2.0

1 km
275 km (171 mi)
18 km north of Wiwili, Departamento de Nueva Segovia, Nicaragua
Sep 22, 2022 7:09 pm (GMT -6) (Sep 23, 2022 01:09 GMT)
1.3

5 km
235 km (146 mi)
36 Km Al Noreste De Ocotal, Nicaragua

Background

Cerro el Limbo is a Holocene flank cone on the western flank A lava flow of Holocene age was also erupted from a NNW-flank vent into the lowlands to the north beyond the town of Chinameca.
Fumarole fields are located on the north flank of the volcano and surround the city of Chinameca. The volcano has been the site of a geothermal exploration program.

1951 earthquake
3 strong shallow earthquakes of 5.9, 6.0 and 5.5 magnitude occurred on 6 and 7 May 1951 near the town of Jucuapa at the NW base of Chinameca volcano. The earthquakes claimed between 400-1000 lives and left 25,000 people homeless.

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS

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