West Java (Indonesia), -6.89°S / 108.4°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Ciremai (or Cereme) volcano close to the north coast of Java is a symmetric stratovolcano and among the most beautiful and largest of Java's active volcanoes. It contains a deep twin crater elongated in E-W direction.
Ciremai's historic eruptions were infrequent, and consited mainly in mild explosive activity and mud flows from the summit crater.
Ciremai volcano eruptions: 1951, 1937-38, 1805, 1775, 1772, 1698
Latest nearby earthquakesNo recent earthquakes
BackgroundCiremai volcano was constructed on top of the northern rim of the older 4.5 x 5 km Geger Halang caldera, believed to be the result of a large Plinian eruption.
On 24 June 1937, Cereme erupted again after 137 years. Ash eruptions caused ash fall in up to 10 km distance, and 3 earthquakes were felt in the area. Later, phreatic explosions occurred in the summit crater near the northern outer crater wall. On 2 October, a mudflow was produced reported to kill many fish in the river.
See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS