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Location map of Cleveland volcano, Alaska (image: Janet Schaefer, Alaska Volcano Observatory / Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys)
Location map of Cleveland volcano, Alaska (image: Janet Schaefer, Alaska Volcano Observatory / Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys)
Latest news:
White steam from Cleveland volcano (image: AVO)
Thursday, Nov 14, 2019
Alaska Volcano Observatory recorded highly elevated surface temperatures identified in satellite data indicated that slow lava effusion in Cleveland’s summit crater may have begun during 7-8 November. ... [more]
Seismic recording at Cleveland (CLC station, AVO/USGS)
Monday, Nov 11, 2019
A new eruptive phase is in progress at the volcano, satellite and seismic data suggest. The Alaska Volcano Observatory raised the alert level to orange: ... [more]


 

Cleveland volcano

Stratovolcano 1730 m (5,676 ft)
Aleutian Islands, Alaska, 52.83°N / -169.94°W
Current status: restless (2 out of 5)
Cleveland webcams / live data | Reports
Cleveland volcano books
Last update: 14 Nov 2019
Typical eruption style: Explosive
Cleveland volcano eruptions: 1893, 1897, 1929(?), 1932, 1938, 1944, 1951(?), 1953(?), 1975(?), 1984, 1985(?), 1986, 1987, 1989(?), 1994, 2001, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 No recent earthquakes
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
The beautifully symmetrical Mount Cleveland stratovolcano forms the western half of the uninhabited Chuginadak Island in the eastern Aleutians, connected to the eastern half of the island by a narrow isthmus. It is one of the regions most active volcanoes, but at present has no seismic network. Monitoring of its activity is largely based on satellite observation.

Background:

The 1730-m-high Mount Cleveland has the native name of Chuginadak, referring to the Aleut goddess of fire, who was thought to reside on the volcano. Numerous large lava flows descend the steep-sided flanks of the volcano.

It is possible that some 18th to 19th century eruptions attributed to Carlisle should be ascribed to Cleveland (Miller et al., 1998). In 1944 Cleveland produced the only known fatality from an Aleutian eruption. Recent eruptions from Mount Cleveland have been characterized by short-lived explosive ash emissions, at times accompanied by lava fountaining and lava flows down the flanks. In February, 2001, Cleveland had 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. That eruption also produced a rubbly lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea.
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Sources: AVO/USGS, Smithsonian Institution


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