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Random pictures
Location map of Cleveland volcano, Alaska (image: Janet Schaefer, Alaska Volcano Observatory / Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys)
Location map of Cleveland volcano, Alaska (image: Janet Schaefer, Alaska Volcano Observatory / Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys)
Latest news:
Monday, Jan 27, 2020
AVO report that no significant activity was observed in seismic data over the past day. Elevated surface temperatures were observed in one satellite image, and no activity was observed in cloudy web camera images. ... [more]
Saturday, Nov 30, 2019
AVO report that elevated surface temperatures and steam emissions were intermittently observed in frequently cloudy satellite and web camera images over the past week. Seismicity remains low and no significant activity was observed in local or regional infrasound data during the week. ... [more]


 

Cleveland volcano

Stratovolcano 1730 m (5,676 ft)
Aleutian Islands, Alaska, 52.83°N / -169.94°W
Current status: restless (2 out of 5)
Cleveland webcams / live data | Reports
Cleveland volcano books
Last update: 27 Jan 2020
Typical eruption style: Explosive
Cleveland volcano eruptions: 1893, 1897, 1929(?), 1932, 1938, 1944, 1951(?), 1953(?), 1975(?), 1984, 1985(?), 1986, 1987, 1989(?), 1994, 2001, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 No recent earthquakes
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
The beautifully symmetrical Mount Cleveland stratovolcano forms the western half of the uninhabited Chuginadak Island in the eastern Aleutians, connected to the eastern half of the island by a narrow isthmus. It is one of the regions most active volcanoes, but at present has no seismic network. Monitoring of its activity is largely based on satellite observation.

Background:

The 1730-m-high Mount Cleveland has the native name of Chuginadak, referring to the Aleut goddess of fire, who was thought to reside on the volcano. Numerous large lava flows descend the steep-sided flanks of the volcano.

It is possible that some 18th to 19th century eruptions attributed to Carlisle should be ascribed to Cleveland (Miller et al., 1998). In 1944 Cleveland produced the only known fatality from an Aleutian eruption. Recent eruptions from Mount Cleveland have been characterized by short-lived explosive ash emissions, at times accompanied by lava fountaining and lava flows down the flanks. In February, 2001, Cleveland had 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. That eruption also produced a rubbly lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea.
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Sources: AVO/USGS, Smithsonian Institution


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