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In this photo released by the civil defense unit of the state government of Jalisco, the eruption plume from the initial stage of the powerful vulcanian explosion at Colima volcano on May 23, 2005, has been captured on film. The collapsing eruption column loaded with ash and rock fragments has not yet fully developed, but the flanks of the volcano are already covered by the impacts of ballistics. (AP Photo/Proteccion Civil del estado de Jalisco-HO)
Stratovolcano 3850 m / 12,631 ft
Western Mexico, 19.51°N / -103.62°WCurrent status
: minor activity or eruption warning
(3 out of 5)Colima webcams / live data
| ReportsColima volcano videosColima volcano books | ToursColima volcano eruptions:
1519, 1560, 1576, 1585, 1590, 1602(?), 1606, 1611-1613, 1622, 1690, 1711, 1743(?), 1744, 1749(?),1769, 1770, 1771, 1780, 1794, 1795, 1804, 1806-1809, 1818, 1819, 1866, 1869, 1870-71, 1872-73, 1874, 1875-78, 1879-80, 1880-81, 1882-84, 1885-1886, 1887, 1889-90, 1890, 1891-92, 1893-1902, 1903, 1904-1906, 1908-09, 1913, 1926-1931(?), 1941(?), 1957-1960, 1961-62, 1963-70, 1973(?), 1975-76, 1977-1982, 1983(?), 1985-86, 1987, 1988(?), 1991, 1994, 1997-2011, 2013-ongoingTypical eruption style:
Dominantly explosive. Construction of lava domes, vulcanian eruptions and strombolian activity. In near-constant activity since 1994.
Last earthquakes nearby
Colima volcano toursColima Volcano Special
(5 days expedition to observe and photograph Colima volcano, Mexico)Latest satellite images
Volcano news: Colima Volcano (Mexico)
Colima volcano (Mexico), activity update: lava dome growing slowly
Thursday Oct 23, 2008 11:13 AM |
Over the past months, Colima was relatively calm and only produced small ash eruptions. An overflight of scientists from Colima University revealed that the lava dome continues to grow at a slow rate.
Thursday, Aug 21, 2008
During 13-18 August, gray and white plumes from Colima were observed and rose to altitudes of 4-4.7 km (13,100-15,400 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SW, W, and N. [more]
Thursday, Feb 21, 2008
Steam and steam-and-ash plumes from Colima were rising to altitudes of 4-4.4 km (13,100-14,400 ft) a.s.l. during 14-19 February. Plumes drifted N, NE, and E. [more]
Thursday, Sep 27, 2007
During 19-23 September, steam and steam-and-ash plumes from Colima
rose to altitudes of 4-4.9 km (13,100-16,100 ft) a.s.l. and drifted
SW, W, and SE. [more]
Friday, Dec 08, 2006
Discrete small to moderately sized ash eruptions continue to occur typically every few hours at Colima volcano. Ash plumes reach altitudes of up to 5-7 km.
Saturday, Nov 11, 2006
Based on reports from the Mexico City MWO and satellite imagery, the Washington VAAC reported that an eruption plume from Colima on 6 November reached an altitude of 6.1 km (20,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NE. [more]
Colima volcano is one of the most active in North America and one of the potentially most dangerous ones. It has had more than 30 periods of eruptions since 1585, including several significant eruptions in the late 1990s. Scientific monitoring of the volcano began 20 years ago.
The Colima volcanic complex is the most prominent volcanic center of the western Mexican Volcanic Belt. It consists of two southward-younging volcanoes, Nevado de Colima (the 4320 m high point of the complex) on the north and the 3850-m-high historically active Volcán de Colima at the south.
A group of cinder cones of probable late-Pleistocene age is located on the floor of the Colima graben west and east of the Colima complex. Volcán de Colima (also known as Volcán Fuego) is a youthful stratovolcano constructed within a 5-km-wide caldera, breached to the south, that has been the source of large debris avalanches. Major slope failures have occurred repeatedly from both the Nevado and Colima cones, and have produced a thick apron of debris-avalanche deposits on three sides of the complex. Frequent historical eruptions date back to the 16th century. Occasional major explosive eruptions (most recently in 1913) have destroyed the summit and left a deep, steep-sided crater that was slowly refilled and then overtopped by lava dome growth.
Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institute - Colima information
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