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In this photo released by the civil defense unit of the state government of Jalisco, the eruption plume from the initial stage of the powerful vulcanian explosion at Colima volcano on May 23, 2005, has been captured on film. The collapsing eruption column loaded with ash and rock fragments has not yet fully developed, but the flanks of the volcano are already covered by the impacts of ballistics. (AP Photo/Proteccion Civil del estado de Jalisco-HO)
Stratovolcano 3850 m / 12,631 ft
Western Mexico, 19.51°N / -103.62°WCurrent status
: minor activity or eruption warning
(3 out of 5)Colima webcams / live data
| ReportsColima volcano videosColima volcano books | ToursColima volcano eruptions:
1519, 1560, 1576, 1585, 1590, 1602(?), 1606, 1611-1613, 1622, 1690, 1711, 1743(?), 1744, 1749(?),1769, 1770, 1771, 1780, 1794, 1795, 1804, 1806-1809, 1818, 1819, 1866, 1869, 1870-71, 1872-73, 1874, 1875-78, 1879-80, 1880-81, 1882-84, 1885-1886, 1887, 1889-90, 1890, 1891-92, 1893-1902, 1903, 1904-1906, 1908-09, 1913, 1926-1931(?), 1941(?), 1957-1960, 1961-62, 1963-70, 1973(?), 1975-76, 1977-1982, 1983(?), 1985-86, 1987, 1988(?), 1991, 1994, 1997-2011, 2013-ongoingTypical eruption style:
Dominantly explosive. Construction of lava domes, vulcanian eruptions and strombolian activity. In near-constant activity since 1994.Last earthquakes nearby
Colima volcano toursColima Volcano Special
(5 days expedition to observe and photograph Colima volcano, Mexico)Latest satellite images
Volcano news: Colima Volcano (Mexico)
Colima volcano (Western Mexico) activity update
Tuesday Mar 31, 2015 17:03 PM | BY: T
Eruption of Colima volcano yesterday night (photo: Hernando Rivera)
The volcano continues to produce strong vulcanian-type explosions, with ash plumes rising 2-3 km above the volcano.
Friday, Mar 27, 2015
Strong explosions continue to occur. An eruption at 08:20 local time this morning produced several pyroclastic flows that traveled down the western flank of the volcano: ...
Tuesday, Mar 24, 2015
The volcano continues to produce sometimes strong vulcanian-type explosions that seem to have picked up in strength over the past days. ...
Friday, Mar 20, 2015
Intermittent explosions and ash emissions continue, but at lower frequency and intensity as during the previous weeks. ...
Friday, Mar 13, 2015
The volcano continues to be highly active, producing intermittent explosions of various size. ...
Saturday, Mar 07, 2015
A selection of night-time photos of eruptions observed from the west and north of Colima volcano during 22-28 Feb.
Colima volcano is one of the most active in North America and one of the potentially most dangerous ones. It has had more than 30 periods of eruptions since 1585, including several significant eruptions in the late 1990s. Scientific monitoring of the volcano began 20 years ago.
The Colima volcanic complex is the most prominent volcanic center of the western Mexican Volcanic Belt. It consists of two southward-younging volcanoes, Nevado de Colima (the 4320 m high point of the complex) on the north and the 3850-m-high historically active Volcán de Colima at the south.
A group of cinder cones of probable late-Pleistocene age is located on the floor of the Colima graben west and east of the Colima complex. Volcán de Colima (also known as Volcán Fuego) is a youthful stratovolcano constructed within a 5-km-wide caldera, breached to the south, that has been the source of large debris avalanches. Major slope failures have occurred repeatedly from both the Nevado and Colima cones, and have produced a thick apron of debris-avalanche deposits on three sides of the complex. Frequent historical eruptions date back to the 16th century. Occasional major explosive eruptions (most recently in 1913) have destroyed the summit and left a deep, steep-sided crater that was slowly refilled and then overtopped by lava dome growth.
---Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institute - Colima information
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Definition of a volcano
: A volcano is the term for any place on the surface of the earth, where hot molten rock (magma) reaches the surface.