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In this photo released by the civil defense unit of the state government of Jalisco, the eruption plume from the initial stage of the powerful vulcanian explosion at Colima volcano on May 23, 2005, has been captured on film. The collapsing eruption column loaded with ash and rock fragments has not yet fully developed, but the flanks of the volcano are already covered by the impacts of ballistics. (AP Photo/Proteccion Civil del estado de Jalisco-HO)
In this photo released by the civil defense unit of the state government of Jalisco, the eruption plume from the initial stage of the powerful vulcanian explosion at Colima volcano on May 23, 2005, has been captured on film. The collapsing eruption column loaded with ash and rock fragments has not yet fully developed, but the flanks of the volcano are already covered by the impacts of ballistics. (AP Photo/Proteccion Civil del estado de Jalisco-HO)


Colima volcano
Stratovolcano 3850 m / 12,631 ft
Western Mexico, 19.51°N / -103.62°W
Current status: minor activity or eruption warning (3 out of 5)
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Colima volcano eruptions:
1519, 1560, 1576, 1585, 1590, 1602(?), 1606, 1611-1613, 1622, 1690, 1711, 1743(?), 1744, 1749(?),1769, 1770, 1771, 1780, 1794, 1795, 1804, 1806-1809, 1818, 1819, 1866, 1869, 1870-71, 1872-73, 1874, 1875-78, 1879-80, 1880-81, 1882-84, 1885-1886, 1887, 1889-90, 1890, 1891-92, 1893-1902, 1903, 1904-1906, 1908-09, 1913, 1926-1931(?), 1941(?), 1957-1960, 1961-62, 1963-70, 1973(?), 1975-76, 1977-1982, 1983(?), 1985-86, 1987, 1988(?), 1991, 1994, 1997-2011, 2013-ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Dominantly explosive. Construction of lava domes, vulcanian eruptions and strombolian activity. In near-constant activity since 1994.
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Volcano news: Colima Volcano (Mexico)

Colima volcano (Mexico), activity update: increasing explosive activity

Saturday Dec 10, 2016 10:06 AM | BY: T

Vulcanian explosion at Colima yesterday morning (photo: Hernando Rivera)
Vulcanian explosion at Colima yesterday morning (photo: Hernando Rivera)
The activity of the volcano is picking up: in particular, explosions have become more frequent and gradually larger in size.
While the active lava flow continues to creep down the southern flank along with incandescent rockfalls, alimented by the growing lava dome in the summit crater, vulcanian-type explosions of small to moderate size occur at rates of 1-3 per hour, producing ash plumes that rise up to approx. 3000 m and throw out many incandescent blocks onto the upper flanks of the volcano (see video):


The arrival of gas-rich magma seems to manifest itself in this new phase of increased explosive activity, which likely will destroy the current dome.
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Links / Sources:
Previous news
Saturday, Dec 10, 2016
Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Washington (VAAC) issued the following report: ... [more]
Friday, Dec 09, 2016
Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Washington (VAAC) issued the following report: ... [more]
Friday, Dec 09, 2016
Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Washington (VAAC) issued the following report: ... [more]
Thursday, Dec 08, 2016
Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Washington (VAAC) issued the following report: ... [more]
Satellite image of Colima volcano on  7 Dec 2016
Wednesday, Dec 07, 2016
Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Washington (VAAC) issued the following report: ... [more]

Background:

Colima volcano is one of the most active in North America and one of the potentially most dangerous ones. It has had more than 30 periods of eruptions since 1585, including several significant eruptions in the late 1990s. Scientific monitoring of the volcano began 20 years ago. 

The Colima volcanic complex is the most prominent volcanic center of the western Mexican Volcanic Belt.  It consists of two southward-younging volcanoes, Nevado de Colima (the 4320 m high point of the complex) on the north and the 3850-m-high historically active Volcán de Colima at the south. 
A group of cinder cones of probable late-Pleistocene age is located on the floor of the Colima graben west and east of the Colima complex. Volcán de Colima (also known as Volcán Fuego) is a youthful stratovolcano constructed within a 5-km-wide caldera, breached to the south, that has been the source of large debris avalanches.  Major slope failures have occurred repeatedly from both the Nevado and Colima cones, and have produced a thick apron of debris-avalanche deposits on three sides of the complex.  Frequent historical eruptions date back to the 16th century.  Occasional major explosive eruptions (most recently in 1913) have destroyed the summit and left a deep, steep-sided crater that was slowly refilled and then overtopped by lava dome growth.
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Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institute - Colima information

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