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In this photo released by the civil defense unit of the state government of Jalisco, the eruption plume from the initial stage of the powerful vulcanian explosion at Colima volcano on May 23, 2005, has been captured on film. The collapsing eruption column loaded with ash and rock fragments has not yet fully developed, but the flanks of the volcano are already covered by the impacts of ballistics. (AP Photo/Proteccion Civil del estado de Jalisco-HO)
In this photo released by the civil defense unit of the state government of Jalisco, the eruption plume from the initial stage of the powerful vulcanian explosion at Colima volcano on May 23, 2005, has been captured on film. The collapsing eruption column loaded with ash and rock fragments has not yet fully developed, but the flanks of the volcano are already covered by the impacts of ballistics. (AP Photo/Proteccion Civil del estado de Jalisco-HO)


Colima volcano
Stratovolcano 3850 m / 12,631 ft
Western Mexico, 19.51°N / -103.62°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5) Colima volcano eruptions:
1519, 1560, 1576, 1585, 1590, 1602(?), 1606, 1611-1613, 1622, 1690, 1711, 1743(?), 1744, 1749(?),1769, 1770, 1771, 1780, 1794, 1795, 1804, 1806-1809, 1818, 1819, 1866, 1869, 1870-71, 1872-73, 1874, 1875-78, 1879-80, 1880-81, 1882-84, 1885-1886, 1887, 1889-90, 1890, 1891-92, 1893-1902, 1903, 1904-1906, 1908-09, 1913, 1926-1931(?), 1941(?), 1957-1960, 1961-62, 1963-70, 1973(?), 1975-76, 1977-1982, 1983(?), 1985-86, 1987, 1988(?), 1991, 1994, 1997-2011, 2013-ongoing
Typical eruption style:
Dominantly explosive. Construction of lava domes, vulcanian eruptions and strombolian activity. In near-constant activity since 1994.

Colima volcano tours:
Colima Volcano Special (5 days expedition to observe and photograph Colima volcano, Mexico)

Volcano news: Colima Volcano (Mexico)

Colima volcano Volcanic Ash Advisory: CONT VA EMS

Wed, 28 Dec 2016, 11:30
11:30 AM |
Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Washington (VAAC) issued the following report:

FVXX20 at 11:24 UTC, 28/12/16 from KNES
VA ADVISORY
DTG: 20161228/1122Z

VAAC: WASHINGTON

VOLCANO: COLIMA
341040
PSN: N1930 W10337

AREA: MEXICO

SUMMIT ELEV: 12631 FT [3850
M]

ADVISORY NR: 2016/532

INFO SOURCE: GOES-EAST. GFS WINDS. VOLCANO
WEB
CAMERA.

ERUPTION DETAILS: CONT VA EMS

OBS VA DTG: 28/1045Z

OBS VA
CLD: SFC/FL180 N2216 W10328 - N1931 W10334
- N1929 W10340 - N2207
W10428 - N2216 W10328 MOV
N 10-15KT

FCST VA CLD +6HR: 28/1700Z
SFC/FL180 N2229 W10404
- N1933 W10335 - N1930 W10340 - N2204 W10502
-
N2229 W10404

FCST VA CLD +12HR: 28/2300Z SFC/FL180 N2222
W10440 -
N1934 W10335 - N1931 W10340 - N2147
W10531 - N2222 W10440

FCST VA CLD
+18HR: 29/0500Z SFC/FL180 N2219
W10444 - N1933 W10336 - N1931 W10341 -
N2144
W10534 - N2219 W10444

RMK: T+0 CONFIDENCE HIGH. CONT VA EMS OBS
IN STLT
IMAGERY. GFS WINDS ARE STEADY OUT OF THE S AT
10-15 KTS. RECENT
VA ACTIVITY SUGGEST CONT EMS.
...FISHER

NXT ADVISORY: WILL BE ISSUED
BY 20161228/1715Z

Background:

Colima volcano is one of the most active in North America and one of the potentially most dangerous ones. It has had more than 30 periods of eruptions since 1585, including several significant eruptions in the late 1990s. Scientific monitoring of the volcano began 20 years ago. 

The Colima volcanic complex is the most prominent volcanic center of the western Mexican Volcanic Belt.  It consists of two southward-younging volcanoes, Nevado de Colima (the 4320 m high point of the complex) on the north and the 3850-m-high historically active Volcán de Colima at the south. 
A group of cinder cones of probable late-Pleistocene age is located on the floor of the Colima graben west and east of the Colima complex. Volcán de Colima (also known as Volcán Fuego) is a youthful stratovolcano constructed within a 5-km-wide caldera, breached to the south, that has been the source of large debris avalanches.  Major slope failures have occurred repeatedly from both the Nevado and Colima cones, and have produced a thick apron of debris-avalanche deposits on three sides of the complex.  Frequent historical eruptions date back to the 16th century.  Occasional major explosive eruptions (most recently in 1913) have destroyed the summit and left a deep, steep-sided crater that was slowly refilled and then overtopped by lava dome growth.
---
Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institute - Colima information
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