Etna volcano (Sicily, Italy) - Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for 10 February-16 February 2021 (New Activity / Unrest)
INGV reported that Strombolian activity from all four of Etna's summit craters, the Southeast Crater (SEC), Northeast Crater (NEC), Bocca Nuova (BN), and Voragine (VOR), was visible during 8-14 February. The frequency and intensity of explosions at SEC were variable; almost continuous strong explosions originated from two vents in the E part of the top of the cone. Tephra accumulated near the top of the cone and rolled several tens of meters down the flanks.
Mi, 10. Feb 2021, 06:0006:00 AM | VON: VN
Minor ash emissions rapidly dispersed. Less-intense Strombolian activity occurred at the S vent (also called the saddle vent). Intra-crater Strombolian activity at NEC sometimes produced nighttime crater incandescence.
The activity at BN sometimes ejected coarse material beyond the crater rim, and rare emissions that had diffuse ash content. The the VOR Strombolian explosions ejected material that sometimes rose above the crater rim and generated diffuse ash emissions.
During the morning of 15 February explosive activity at SEC gradually intensified. Activity originated from the E vents but sometimes intense explosions occurred at the saddle vent. A significant increase in tremor amplitude began at 1700.
Tremor amplitude waned at 2100, the same time that explosive activity decreased. At 1700 on 16 February lava began advancing down the E flank of SEC. Part of the cone collapsed at 1705 and generated a pyroclastic flow that traveled 1.5 km along the W wall of the Valle de Bove.
An ash plume rapidly dispersed to the S. Explosive activity at SEC increased and lava fountaining began at 1710. Ash clouds drifted S.
Lava flows advanced into the Valle de Bove, reaching an elevation of 2,000 m by 1759 at the latest. Lapilli, 1 cm in diameter, was reported in Nicolosi (16 km S) and Mascalucia (19 km S), and ash and lapilli fell in Catania (29 km SSE). Ashfall was also reported in Syracuse, 60-80 km SSE.
Another lava flow advanced N into the Valle del Leone. Lava fountains were about 500 m tall, possibly as tall as 600 m. Tremor amplitude began to decrease at 1750 and lava fountains ceased around 1800.
Lava effusion from SEC gradually diminished; the flow in the Valle de Bove was a few kilometers long and smaller flows that had traveled N and S reached an elevation of 2,900. Strombolian activity persisted at SEC overnight during 16-17 February and ceased at 0715 on 17 February. Explosions at VOR were sporadic.
Source: Sezione di Catania - Osservatorio Etneo (INGV)
From: Global Volcanism Program, 2021. Report on Etna. In: Mayberry, G (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report 10 February-16 February 2021. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
Sa, 6. Feb 2021, 17:08
Beautiful strombolian activity from at least 4 different crater continues with little changes, dominantly from the two vents of the New SE crater, but also from the central crater (Voragine) and the Bocca Nuova crater located west of the Voragine. ... Read all
Mi, 3. Feb 2021, 14:50
The volcano continues to produce spectacular strombolian-type explosions involving several of its summit craters. ... Read all