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Zufallsfotos
Bromo Vulkan
Stratovolcano 2329 m / 7,641 ft
East Java, Indonesia, -7.94°S / 112.95°E
Aktueller Status: unruhig (2 von 5)
Bromo Webcams / aktuelle Daten | Berichte
Bromo Vulkan-Videos
Bromo Vulkan-B cher | Tours
Ausbrüche des Bromo:
1804, 1815, 1820, 1822, 1825, 1829, 1830, 1835, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1858, 1859, 1860, 1865, 1865, 1866, 1867-68, 1877, 1885, 1885-86, 1886, 1886-87, 1888(?), 1890, 1893, 1896, 1906-07, 1907, 1907-08, 1909, 1910, 1915-16, 1921, 1922, 1928, 1930, 1935, 1939, 1940, 1948, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1972, 1980, 1983(?), 1983, 1984, 1995 (March-May), 1995 (Sep-Dec), 2000 (Nov)-20001 (Jan), 2004 (June)
Typische Aktivität:
Explosive. Frequent small, phreatic eruptions at Bromo cinder cone on the bottom of the caldera.
Letzte Erdbeben in der Nähe
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Letzte Satellitenbilder
Zoom onto the cone of Bromo volcano (from the satellite image to the left).
Zoom onto the cone of Bromo volcano (from the satellite image to the left).

NASA space image of Bromo volcano, located inside the Tengger caldera.
NASA space image of Bromo volcano, located inside the Tengger caldera.
 

News & activity updates:

Bromo volcano (East Java, Indonesia): continuing ash emissions

Wednesday Dec 16, 2015 09:12 AM | VON: T

Ash emissions from Bromo on 15 Dec 2015 (photo: Oystein L. Andersen @OysteinLAnderse / twitter)
Ash emissions from Bromo on 15 Dec 2015 (photo: Oystein L. Andersen @OysteinLAnderse / twitter)
Ash emissions of varying intensity continue from the volcano, producing a plume that rises approx. 500-1500 m above the crater:

It seems that the emissions are generated by mild explosive activity still relatively deep inside the crater. So far, no images of incandescent ejecta on or outside the crater have appeared, but this might occur soon if activity increases.
According to VSI, volcanic tremor has been elevated with a tendency to increase during the past days.
Access to the volcano remains restricted, as the caldera floor around Bromo (and the cone itself, of course) are now off-limits.
Vorherige Nachrichten
Ash emissions from Bromo in early Dec (photo via @jaimessincioco / twitter)
Friday, Dec 11, 2015
Activity at the volcano has increased during the past two weeks. Ash emissions of fluctuating intensity began early December and have been near-continuous. ... [mehr]
Bromo volcano this morning (PVMBG)
Saturday, Dec 05, 2015
An eruption warning was issued this morning - PVMBG raised the volcano's alert status to "siaga" (alert), or 3 on a scale of 1-4. ... [mehr]
Sunday, Nov 15, 2015
A phase of increased unrest seems to have started at the volcano. On 1 November, the local volcano observatory issued a warning not to approach Bromo within 1 km radius, as changes in seismic activity and increased steaming/degassing (including sulfur dioxide) had been noted. ... [mehr]
Wednesday, Oct 03, 2012
A sharp increase in volcanic tremor recorded this morning at Bromo volcano prompted the Indonesian Volcanological Survey to raise the alert level for the volcano from 1 (normal) to 2 (unrest) on a scale of 1-4. ... [mehr]
Thursday, Apr 05, 2012
During the past weeks, only white plumes were seen at Bromo rosing to about 50 m above the crater and seismicity declined. On 30 March the Alert Level was lowered back to 1. [mehr]

Background:

Gunung Bromo (Mount Bromo) volcano is a small, but active volcanic cinder cone on the Indonesian island of Java. Bromo is located in the center of the Sandsea Caldera, itself only a portion of the larger Tengger Caldera. The Sandsea caldera formed around 8,000 years ago, in what must have been a massive eruption. Subsequent volcanic activity formed the cluster of cinder cones in the caldera’s center, including Bromo.
The historical record indicates eruptions of Bromo every few years since 1804, and geologic evidence indicates eruptions at least several hundred years earlier. The most recent eruption occured in 2004, and tragically killed two tourists.


The image above shows most of the Sandsea Caldera, along with Gunung Bromo and the older volcanoes on the caldera floor. A small plume of steam is visible rising out of Mt. Bromo. Space Imaging’s IKONOS satellite, capable of 4-meter per-pixel color imagery, and 1-meter per-pixel resolution panchromatic imagery, acquired the data on July 8, 2001.


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