2 spots left on Iceland Geo Tour 16-30 July 2022

Piton de la Fournaise

Shield volcano 2631 m (8,632 ft)
La Réunion, -21.24°S / 55.71°E
Aktueller Status: normal / ruhend (1 von 5)
Last update: 15 Mär 2022 (Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report)
Piton de la Fournaise erupting in 2010 (Photo: Sylvie and Philippe CHOUKROUN)
Piton de la Fournaise erupting in 2010 (Photo: Sylvie and Philippe CHOUKROUN)

Piton de la Fournaise, a typical basaltic shield volcano, located on the French island La Réunion, is one of the world's most active and productive volcanoes. It is in a phase of frequent but short-lived eruptions that start with lava fountains and produce large lava flows. Since the active areas of the volcano are not inhabited, its eruptions pose little danger and cause little damage.

Interaktive Karte zeigen
Typische Tätigkeit: Effusive
Ausbrüche: 1900, 1901, 1901, 1902, 1903(?), 1904, 1905, 1907, 1908(?), 1909, 1910, 1913, 1915, 1917, 1920, 1921, 1924, 1924, 1925-26, 1926-27, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1933-34, 1935(?), 1936, 1937, 1938, 1938-39, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947(?), 1948, 1948(?), 1950, 1951(?), 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955-57, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1963, 1964, 1964-65, 1966, 1972, 1973, 1973, 1975-76, 1976, 1977, 1977, 1979, 1981, 1983-84, 1985-88, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1998, 1999, 2000 (Feb-March), 2001 (March-April), 2001 (June-July), 2002 (Jan.), 2002 (Nov-Dec), 2003 (May) - 2004 (Jan), 2004 (May), 2004 (Aug-Oct), 2005 (Feb-March), 2005 (Oct), 2005 (Nov), 2005 (Dec)-2006 (Jan), 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 (Oct), 2010 (Dec), 2014 (June), 2015 (Feb), 2015 (May), 2015 (Aug-Oct), 2016 (May, Sep), 2017 (Jan-Mar), 2018 (Apr, 2x), 2018 (Sep), 2019 (Feb, June, July, Aug, Oct), 2020 (Feb), 2020 (Dec), 2021 (Apr), 2021 (Dec)
Letzte Erdbeben in der Nähe:
ZeitStärke / TiefeEntfernung / Lage
Samstag, 2. Juli 2022 GMT (1 Beben)
2. Jul. 2022 13:52 (GMT +4) (2. Jul. 2022 09:52 GMT)
1.0

27 km
43 km (27 mi)
Réunion: Near Saint-Denis
Sonntag, 26. Juni 2022 GMT (1 Beben)
26. Jun. 2022 16:08 (GMT +4) (26. Jun. 2022 12:08 GMT)
0.9

12 km
44 km (27 mi)
Réunion: Near Saint-Denis
Montag, 20. Juni 2022 GMT (1 Beben)
20. Jun. 2022 05:25 (GMT +4) (20. Jun. 2022 01:25 GMT)
0.9

11 km
38 km (24 mi)
Réunion: Near Saint-Denis
Sonntag, 19. Juni 2022 GMT (1 Beben)
19. Jun. 2022 21:42 (GMT +4) (19. Jun. 2022 17:42 GMT)
1.1

18 km
30 km (19 mi)
Réunion: Near Saint-Denis

Beschreibung

Piton de la Fournaise is a typical example of a hot-spot volcano. The volcano is about 530,000 years old and during much of this time, its activity overlapped with eruptions of its older neighbor, the deeply dissected Piton des Neiges shield volcano to the NW.

Three calderas formed at about 250,000, 65,000, and less than 5000 years ago by progressive eastward slumping of the volcano. Numerous pyroclastic cones dot the floor of the calderas and their outer flanks. Most historical eruptions have originated from the summit and flanks of Dolomieu, a 400-m-high lava shield that has grown within the youngest caldera called the Enclos, which is 8 km wide and breached to below sea level on the eastern side. More than 150 eruptions, most of which have produced fluid basaltic lava flows, have occurred since the 17th century. Only six eruptions, in 1708, 1774, 1776, 1800, 1977, and 1986, have originated from fissures on the outer flanks of the caldera. The Piton de la Fournaise Volcano Observatory, one of several operated by the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, monitors this very active volcano.

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Source: adapted from GVP/Smithsonian Institution

Piton de la Fournaise Fotos

Lava fountain from the eruption at Piton de la Fournaise volcano few hours after the start on 15 Sep 2018 (Photo: Patrick Barois)
Lava fountain from the eruption at Piton de la Fournaise volcano few hours after the start on 15 Sep 2018 (Photo: Patrick Barois)
Lava fountain from the eruption at Piton de la Fournaise volcano few hours after the start on 15 Sep 2018 (Photo: Patrick Barois)
Lava fountain from the eruption at Piton de la Fournaise volcano few hours after the start on 15 Sep 2018 (Photo: Patrick Barois)
Curtain of lava fountains from the eruption at Piton de la Fournaise volcano few hours after the start on 15 Sep 2018 (Photo: Patrick Barois)
Curtain of lava fountains from the eruption at Piton de la Fournaise volcano few hours after the start on 15 Sep 2018 (Photo: Patrick Barois)
New cinder cone with erupting lava fountain, eruption at Piton de la Fournaise Sep 2018 (Photo: Patrick Barois)
New cinder cone with erupting lava fountain, eruption at Piton de la Fournaise Sep 2018 (Photo: Patrick Barois)
 



Siehe auch: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS

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