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Shiveluch

Stratovolcano 3283 m (10,771 ft)
Kamchatka, 56.65°N / 161.36°E
Aktueller Status: Ausbruch (4 von 5)
Last update: 26 Mai 2022 (Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report)
Shiveluch volcano on a Terra satellite image from 19 Feb 2012. Volcanic debris is seen on the lower flanks; the debris traveled about 10 kilometers (6 miles) from Shiveluch’s growing lava dome. (Nasa Earth Observatory)
Shiveluch volcano on a Terra satellite image from 19 Feb 2012. Volcanic debris is seen on the lower flanks; the debris traveled about 10 kilometers (6 miles) from Shiveluch’s growing lava dome. (Nasa Earth Observatory)

Shiveluch (Sheveluch) volcano is one of Kamchatka's largest and most active volcanoes, and the one that has had the most violent eruptions.

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Typische Tätigkeit: Highly explosive. Construction of lava domes and large pyroclastic flows caused by dome collapse. One of Kamchatka's largest and most active volcanoes.
Ausbrüche: 1739(?), 1800(?), 1854 (Plinian eruption), 1879-83, 1897-98, 1905, 1928-29, 1930, 1944-50, 1964 (sub-Plinian, large dome collapse and debris flow), 1980-81, 1984, 1985, 1986-88, 1988, 1989 1990-94, 1997, 1998, 1999, 1999-ongoing
Letzte Erdbeben in der Nähe: Keine jüngeren Beben

Beschreibung

Shiveluch has had over 60 large explosive eruptions during the past 10,000 years. Catastrophic eruptions took place in 1854 and 1956, when a large part of the lava dome collapsed and created a devastating debris avalanche.
It belongs to the Kliuchevskaya volcano group and is about 65,000 years old. Its summit is truncated by a broad 9-km-wide caldera of about 10,000 years of age, breached to the south. Many lava domes dot its outer flanks. Widespread tephra layers from Shiveluch's eruptions are valuable time markers for dating volcanic events in Kamchatka.

Shiveluch Fotos

Incandescent rockfall down flank of lava dome of Shiveluch volcano, Kamchatka (Oct 2013) (Photo: Richard Roscoe)
Incandescent rockfall down flank of lava dome of Shiveluch volcano, Kamchatka (Oct 2013) (Photo: Richard Roscoe)
Explosion at Shiveluch volcano (Kamchatka) Oct 2016 (Photo: Andrey)
Explosion at Shiveluch volcano (Kamchatka) Oct 2016 (Photo: Andrey)
The active lava dome of Shiveluch volcano, Kamchatka, in Oct 2013 (Photo: Richard Roscoe)
The active lava dome of Shiveluch volcano, Kamchatka, in Oct 2013 (Photo: Richard Roscoe)
Ash venting from Shiveluch volcano's lava dome (Oct 2013), Kamchatka (Photo: Richard Roscoe)
Ash venting from Shiveluch volcano's lava dome (Oct 2013), Kamchatka (Photo: Richard Roscoe)
 



Shiveluch Vulkanreisen:
Kamchatka - Land of Colors (volcano expedition to Kamchatka)

Siehe auch: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS

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