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News
Tuesday, Jun 28, 2016
Dallol at night (photo: Oliver Grunewald)
Help us protect Dallol and have it listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site by contributing to an ambitious and very interesting crowd-sourced project: ... alles lesen
Monday, Feb 29, 2016
Green and yellow salt pond at Dallol (image: Enku Mulugheta)
One of our groups visited Dallol last week during our recent Danakil volcano expedition. The hydrothermal activity was observed to be very intense, with many colorful ponds and hot springs. ... alles lesen
Wüste, Salz & Vulkane: Expedition zum Erta Ale & Dallol


 

Dallol Vulkan

hydrothermal field -48 m / -157 ft
Danakil desert, Ethiopia, 14.24°N / 40.3°E
Aktueller Status: normal / ruhend (1 von 5) | Reports
Dallol Vulkan-Videos
Dallol Vulkan-Bücher | Tours
Last update: 28 Jun 2016
Typische Aktivität: Phreatic explosions. Strong hydrothermal activity at present.
Ausbrüche des Dallol: 1926 Bizarre landscape at Dallol volcano Keine jüngeren Beben
TimeMag. / TiefeDistanceLocation
Keine jüngeren Beben
The Dallol volcano, or rather the Dallol hydrothermal field is located in a remote part of the northern Danakil Depression in NE Ethiopia. It is the lowest known sub-aerial volcanic area in the world.
Dallol is one of the world's most spectacular landscape: a vast area of uplifted thick salt deposits affected by intense fumarolic activity, probably caused by an active volcanic system beneath several kilometers of evaporation salt deposits.
Dallol is said to be the hottest place on the planet, with average annual temperatures well above 30 deg C.
The area commonly referred to Dallol volcano contains the approx. 1.5 x 3 km wide Dallol "mountain" (rising about 50 m above the great salt lake) near the border with Eritrea, and nearby warm springs including the Yellow Lake, the Black Mountain with the Blue Lake, said to be an explosion crater from a hydrothermal eruption in 1926.
Dallol is famous for its hot brine, and multicolored white, pink, red, yellow, green, gray and black salt deposits, hot springs and miniature geysers. These bizarre structures form in a complex interaction of solution and recrystallization processes driven by hydrothermal waters and rapid evaporation.

Beschreibung:

Dallol overlies several km of quaternary evaporates which contain large amounts of potash (potassium carbonate, K2CO3) that were quarried by shifting mining companies for most of the 20th century.
It is believed that Dallol, located on the main rift axis of the Danakil depression, is caused by an active basaltic volcano located under the layers of salt. The roughly circular depression on top of Dallol mountain was suggested to be a collapse crater.
The only known volcanic activity was a phreatic explosion in 1926 that produced a 30 m wide crater at the foot of the Black Mountain.

Dallol Fotos:

Mineral hot spring at Dallol, Danakil desert, Ethiopia (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Mineral hot spring at Dallol, Danakil desert, Ethiopia (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Miniature salt terrasses at a green acid pond at Dallol volcano draw bizarre shapes. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Miniature salt terrasses at a green acid pond at Dallol volcano draw bizarre shapes. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Grüne giftige Säuretümpel, rote und gelbe Schwefelablagerungen, dünne, gefährliche Krusten - einige der Zutaten am Dallol.  (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Grüne giftige Säuretümpel, rote und gelbe Schwefelablagerungen, dünne, gefährliche Krusten - einige der Zutaten am Dallol. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
 



Dallol Vulkanresien
Two Extremes (15 days expedition and trekking to Erta Ale volcano, Dallol, Lalibela and Semien mountains (Ethiopia))
Wüste, Salz und Vulkane (14-tägige Expedition zum Vulkan Erta Ale und zur Danakil Tiefebene (Äthiopien))

Letzte Satellitenbilder


See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
 

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