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Bardarbunga Vulkan

Aktualisiert: 4. Dez. 2022 12:17 GMT -
Stratovolcano approx. 2000 m / ca. 6,560 ft
Central Iceland, 64.63°N / -17.53°W
Aktueller Status: normal / ruhend (1 von 5)
Last update: 25 Jul 2022 (M 4.4 and 4.9 quakes, inflation continues)
Lava fountains from the Holuhraun fissure eruption August 2014
Lava fountains from the Holuhraun fissure eruption August 2014

Bardarbunga (Bárðarbunga) is a large central volcano lying underneath Iceland's 500-m thick Vatnajokull glacier in the center of the country. It is located at the junction between the eastern and northern volcanic rift zones in the area where the present-day center of the mantle hot spot beneath Iceland is thought to be.
Bardarbunga has had about 300-400 eruptions during the past 10,000 years which includes only 23 eruptions historic times (approx the past 1000 years), i.e. it seems to erupt currently at rates of approx. twice per century, the last one having occurred in 1910. A massive explosive-effusive eruption (VEI 6) in 1477 resulted in a large ash and pumice fall-out deposit.
Approx 8600 years ago, Bardarbunga produced the largest known lava flow during the past 10,000 years on earth (more than 21 cubic kilometers of volume). The lava was erupted from the Veidivötn fissure system and traveled more than 100 km to the south coast.

Interaktive Karte anzeigen
Typische Aktivität: Large effusive eruptions, some explosive activity.
Ausbrüche des Bardarbunga: 1080(?), 1159(?), ca. 1210, ca. 1270, ca. 1350, ca. 1410(?), 1477 (very large effusive-explosive eruption), 1697, 1702, 1706, 1712, 1716, 1717, 1720, 1726, 1729, 1739, 1750, 1766, 1769, 1797, 1807(?), 1862-64, 1872(?), 1902-03, 1910, 2014-15 (Holuhraun fissure eruption)

Letzte Erdbeben in der Nähe

UhrzeitMag. / TiefeEntfernung/Ort
Samstag, 3. Dezember 2022 GMT (1 Beben)
3. Dez. 2022 07:51 (GMT +0) (3. Dez. 2022 07:51 GMT)
2.9

7.2 km
15 km (9.3 mi)
Iceland: 9.9 Km E of Hamarinn
Dienstag, 29. November 2022 GMT (1 Beben)
29. Nov. 2022 01:09 (GMT +0) (29. Nov. 2022 01:09 GMT)
3.8

2.4 km
4.3 km (2.7 mi)
Iceland: 3.3 Km NE of Bárðarbunga
Samstag, 3. Dezember 2022 GMT (1 Beben)
3. Dez. 2022 07:51 (GMT +0) (3. Dez. 2022 07:51 GMT)
2.9

7.2 km
15 km (9.3 mi)
Iceland: 9.9 Km E of Hamarinn
Dienstag, 29. November 2022 GMT (1 Beben)
29. Nov. 2022 01:09 (GMT +0) (29. Nov. 2022 01:09 GMT)
3.8

2.4 km
4.3 km (2.7 mi)
Iceland: 3.3 Km NE of Bárðarbunga

Beschreibung

The volcano is hidden beneath the northwestern part of the Vatnajökull glacier, and contains a 700-m-deep caldera that is hidden beneath ice and has extensive flank fissures, from where eruptions have taken place: the Veidivötn fissure extends for over 100 km to the SW, almost reaching Torfajökull volcano, while the Trollagigar fissure extends 50 km to the NE touching Askja volcano.

A major risk from Bárdarbunga are jökulhlaups (glacier-outburst floods), that can be hazardous for areas in all directions around Bárdarbunga.

Bardarbunga Fotos




See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS

Mo, 25. Jul 2022, 23:14

Bardarbunga volcano (Iceland): M 4.4 and 4.9 quakes, inflation continues

Seismic development from 2015 until so far (image: Kristín Jónsdóttir/twitter)
Kristín Jónsdóttir from the Icelandic Met Office reported on her Twitter account that two volcano-tectonic earthquakes with magnitude M 4.9 and M 4.4 occurred beneath the Bárðarbunga caldera. Read all
Do, 24. Feb 2022, 01:49

Bardarbunga volcano (Iceland): M 4.9 quake, continuous inflation since 2015

Seismic development from 2015 until now including M4.9 earthquake on 21 Feb (image: Kristín Jónsdóttir/twitter)
Kristín Jónsdóttir from the Icelandic Met Office reported on her Twitter account that a volcano-tectonic earthquake with magnitude M 4.9 occurred beneath the caldera. ... Read all
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