Strong mag. 5.9 earthquake - 34 km northwest of Salmās, West Azerbaijan, Iran, on Sunday, February 23, 2020 at 16:00 (GMT)

Strong mag. 5.9 earthquake - 34 km northwest of Salmās, West Azerbaijan, Iran, on Sunday, February 23, 2020 at 16:00 (GMT)

Strong magnitude 5.9 earthquake at 10 km depth

23 Feb 16:05 UTC: First to report: GFZ after 5 minutes.
Feb 23 16:06: Magnitude recalculated from 6.0 to 5.7.
Hypocenter depth recalculated from 10.0 to 40.0 km.
Feb 24 03:02: Magnitude recalculated from 5.7 to 5.9.
Hypocenter depth recalculated from 40.0 to 10.0 km.
Date & time: Feb 23, 2020 16:00:32 UTC
Magnitude: 5.9
Depth: 10.0 km
Epicenter latitude / longitude: 38.41°N / 44.49°E (West Azerbaijan, Iran)
Antipode: 38.41°S / 135.51°W
Nearest volcano: unnamed (110 km / 68 mi)
Nearby towns and cities:
34 km (21 mi) NW of Salmās (pop: 81,600) --> See nearby quakes!
43 km (27 mi) WSW of Khowy (pop: 175,400) --> See nearby quakes!
71 km (44 mi) SW of Qarah Ẕīā’ od Dīn (Qaren Zia' Od Din) (pop: 31,900) --> See nearby quakes!
95 km (59 mi) N of Yüksekova (Hakkâri, Turkey) (pop: 71,700) --> See nearby quakes!
97 km (60 mi) E of Van (Turkey) (pop: 371,700) --> See nearby quakes!
108 km (67 mi) NNW of Urmia (pop: 577,300) --> See nearby quakes!
108 km (67 mi) NNW of Urmia (pop: 577,300) --> See nearby quakes!
162 km (100 mi) WNW of Tabriz (East Azerbaijan) (pop: 1,424,600) --> See nearby quakes!
197 km (122 mi) S of Yerevan (Armenia) (pop: 1,093,500) --> See nearby quakes!
685 km (426 mi) WNW of Tehran (pop: 7,153,300) --> See nearby quakes!
Primary data source: GFZ (German Research Centre for Geosciences)
Estimated released energy: 4.5 x 1013 joules (12.4 gigawatt hours, equivalent to 10676 tons of TNT or 0.7 atomic bombs!) More info
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Data for the same earthquake reported by different agencies

Info: The more agencies report about the same quake and post similar data, the more confidence you can have in the data. It takes normally up to a few hours until earthquake parameters are calculated with near-optimum precision.
Mag.DepthLocationSource
5.910 kmTurkey-Iran Border RegionGFZ
6.010 kmTurkey-iran Border RegionEMSC
5.85 kmTurkiye-iran Sinir Bolgesi Revise01 (2020.02.23KOERI-RETMC
5.564 kmTurkey-Iran Border RegionGeoAu
6.020 kmIran [Land]INGV
6.010 km24km SE of Saray, Turkey (Iran)USGS
5.912 km4 km of Qotor, West Azarbaijan (Iran)IRSC
5.920 km伊朗西北部 (Iran)CEIC

User reports for this quake (95)

User reports estimate the perceived ground shaking intensity according to the MMI (Modified Mercalli Intensity) scale.
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42 km of Kirkuk (346 km S of epicenter) [Map] / Very weak shaking (MMI II)
near Yaydzhy, Julfa Rayon, Nakhichevan (130.4 km ENE of epicenter) [Map] / not felt
urmia , iran / Moderate shaking (MMI V)
Tabriz, East Azerbaijan (163.7 km ESE of epicenter) [Map] / Weak shaking (MMI III) (reported through our app)
ارومیه / Light shaking (MMI IV)
Erzurum (324.7 km WNW of epicenter) [Map] / Very weak shaking (MMI II) : I felt it but I was not afraid because magnitude 5 eartquake occur every day.  
near Mardin (361 km WSW of epicenter) [Map] / Weak shaking (MMI III) : I felt the floor skake but nobody came out of their homes.  
Nakhichivan, Babek Rayon (120.7 km NE of epicenter) [Map] / Very weak shaking (MMI II) : I felt a short flicker but the object in the house did not move.  
As-Suwayda (956.6 km SW of epicenter) [Map] / Light shaking (MMI IV) : Its very strong (reported through our app)  
Edremit (104.6 km W of epicenter) [Map] / Light shaking (MMI IV) : Hafif hissedildi. Edremit Kiracılar TOKİ (reported through our app)  
Tabriz (168.7 km ESE of epicenter) [Map] / Light shaking (MMI IV) (reported through our app)
Erbil (251 km S of epicenter) [Map] / Very weak shaking (MMI II) (reported through our app)
urmia / Moderate shaking (MMI V)
Urmia / Very weak shaking (MMI II)
Dammam, Saudi Arabia (1432 km SSE of epicenter) [Map] / not felt : It was not felt.  
Duhok (219.2 km SW of epicenter) [Map] / Very weak shaking (MMI II)
Muş (262.3 km W of epicenter) [Map] / Moderate shaking (MMI V)
Erbil (251 km S of epicenter) [Map] / Weak shaking (MMI III) (reported through our app)
Rasht, Gīlān (466.9 km ESE of epicenter) [Map] / Very weak shaking (MMI II)
near Erbil (241 km S of epicenter) [Map] / Light shaking (MMI IV)
Tabriz / Moderate shaking (MMI V)
Orūmīyeh (Iran (Islamic Republic of), 108 km SE of epicenter) : توارومیه طبقه دوم حس شد (reported through EMSC)  
İpekyolu (Turkey, 97 km W of epicenter) : Çok şiddetliydi (reported through EMSC)  
İpekyolu (Turkey, 102 km W of epicenter) : Hafif hissettik (reported through EMSC)  
İpekyolu (Turkey, 99 km W of epicenter) : Korkutucu (reported through EMSC)  
Khvoy (Iran (Islamic Republic of), 41 km E of epicenter) : مرکز زلزله به خوی نزدیکتر از سلماس هست (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 109 km SE of epicenter) : لطف خدا همه جانبه شامل حال ملت ایران شده. با همین فرمون انشالا تا آخر سال دیگه تمومیم (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 1100 km SE of epicenter) : تبریز خیلی احساس شد (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 1100 km SE of epicenter) : No (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 674 km SE of epicenter) : Şev baş hevalno,şiyar bin u bi hêzHayirli gêceler arkadaşlar bir diketli lutfenشب بخیر دوستان لطفا امشب هوشیار باشید کمیXatire xwe re, xera xwe hikyat bin hevalno (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 331 km E of epicenter) : اردبیل احساس شد لوستر ها حرکت کردن . (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 324 km NE of epicenter) : نسبتا شدید بود در سلماس (reported through EMSC)  
Batman (Turkey, 301 km W of epicenter) : İçmeden yıkılmış sarhoş gibi salladı (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 284 km E of epicenter) : خیلی بد بود خیلی وحشتناک بود (reported through EMSC)  
Kars (Turkey, 267 km NW of epicenter) : Hissetmedik karstan (reported through EMSC)  
Erbil (Iraq, 251 km S of epicenter) : Did not fell anything in Erbil, Kurdistan (reported through EMSC)  
Erbil (Iraq, 251 km S of epicenter) : Yes and twice with 2 mins difference (reported through EMSC)  
Yerevan (Armenia, 195 km N of epicenter) : Почувствовал как тресеться люстра (reported through EMSC)  
Երևան (Armenia, 193 km NW of epicenter) : i didn't feel anything in Yerevan. (reported through EMSC)  
Երևան (Armenia, 192 km NW of epicenter) : I felt in Yerevan Armenia (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 189 km SE of epicenter) : کرونا، زلزله، سیل، ظلم . چیزی واسه از دست دادن نداریم (reported through EMSC)  
Jermuk (Armenia, 186 km NE of epicenter) : It was filling in 4th floor (reported through EMSC)  
Igdir (Turkey, 172 km NW of epicenter) : Felt in İgdir (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 169 km E of epicenter) : Tabriz 10floor (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 167 km E of epicenter) : از لوستر ها فهمیدیم نسبتا شدید (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 167 km E of epicenter) : در تبریز لوستر ها تکان خورد (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 166 km E of epicenter) : تو تبریز احساس شد (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 165 km E of epicenter) : تبریز احساس نشد (reported through EMSC)  
Քաջարան (Armenia, 165 km NE of epicenter) : Qajaran (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 162 km E of epicenter) : təbriz də his odu (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 162 km E of epicenter) : təbriz də his oldu (reported through EMSC)  
Tabrīz (Iran (Islamic Republic of), 160 km E of epicenter) : بازم لرزيد (reported through EMSC)  
Tabrīz (Iran (Islamic Republic of), 160 km E of epicenter) : خدا به خیر کنه (reported through EMSC)  
Tabrīz (Iran (Islamic Republic of), 160 km E of epicenter) : خودمون متوجه نشدیم ولی همه چراغ ها تلو تلو خوردن. (reported through EMSC)  
Tabrīz (Iran (Islamic Republic of), 160 km E of epicenter) : that was very strong and t took about 30-40 seconds. I assume it was at least about 5-6 magnitude. (reported through EMSC)  
Tabrīz (Iran (Islamic Republic of), 160 km E of epicenter) : It is very bad (reported through EMSC)  
Tabrīz (Iran (Islamic Republic of), 160 km E of epicenter) : It was on the verge of bringing living-room things such as the TV set down. (reported through EMSC)  
Tabrīz (Iran (Islamic Republic of), 160 km E of epicenter) : تکانهای شدید و در زمان بیشتر (reported through EMSC)  
'Ajab Shīr (Iran (Islamic Republic of), 160 km SE of epicenter) : وای خیلی ترسیدیم لوستر قشنگ تکون میخورد سرمون گیج میرفت خیلیم طول کشید (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 160 km E of epicenter) : Tabriz (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 159 km E of epicenter) : شدید بودتبریز حس شد (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 157 km E of epicenter) : زلزله (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 156 km E of epicenter) : لوسترا الان تموم میخورناما احساس نکردم (reported through EMSC)  
Hakkari (Turkey, 116 km SW of epicenter) : Hakkâri bile sallandı. (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 111 km SE of epicenter) : It was very scary , the lamp is shivering (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 111 km SE of epicenter) : لوسترها کاملا تکان می‌خورد (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 110 km SE of epicenter) : لرزه در حد لرزش خفیف لوستر (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 109 km SE of epicenter) : In Urmia we feel good (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 109 km SE of epicenter) : کاملا احساس شد و طولانی (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 109 km SE of epicenter) : طولانی بود و شدید (reported through EMSC)  
Orūmīyeh (Iran (Islamic Republic of), 108 km SE of epicenter) : تو ارومیه شدیداً حس شد. (reported through EMSC)  
Orūmīyeh (Iran (Islamic Republic of), 108 km SE of epicenter) : لامپ ها تموم خوردن (reported through EMSC)  
Orūmīyeh (Iran (Islamic Republic of), 108 km SE of epicenter) : خفن ترسوند (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 108 km SE of epicenter) : نسبتا شدید بود لامپا تکون تکون خوردن (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 108 km SE of epicenter) : اروميه زلزله ؛روزي دو بار (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 108 km SE of epicenter) : اروم اروم لامپ ها تکون خوردن (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 108 km SE of epicenter) : بدجوری لرزوند (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 107 km SE of epicenter) : ارومیه بد بود (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 107 km SE of epicenter) : شدید بود (reported through EMSC)  
Tuşba (Turkey, 101 km W of epicenter) : It lasted long, about 20-30 seconds maybe more than that. But the feeling was slight. (third floor on a 7 floor apartment) (reported through EMSC)  
İpekyolu (Turkey, 100 km W of epicenter) : We felt in Van /İpekyolu (reported through EMSC)  
Tuşba (Turkey, 99 km W of epicenter) : Çok kotuYdu (reported through EMSC)  
İpekyolu (Turkey, 99 km W of epicenter) : Hejand (reported through EMSC)  
İpekyolu (Turkey, 98 km W of epicenter) : 15 saniye sürdü (reported through EMSC)  
İpekyolu (Turkey, 98 km W of epicenter) : Çok kötü salladı (reported through EMSC)  
İpekyolu (Turkey, 98 km W of epicenter) : Çok kötü salladı (reported through EMSC)  
İpekyolu (Turkey, 98 km W of epicenter) : Fena sallandı (reported through EMSC)  
İpekyolu (Turkey, 97 km W of epicenter) : Çok sallandı gene (reported through EMSC)  
İpekyolu (Turkey, 97 km W of epicenter) : Depremi hissettim (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 72 km NW of epicenter) : عاغا عاغا حلال کنید یواش یواش داریم از دست میریم (reported through EMSC)  
Khvoy (Iran (Islamic Republic of), 41 km E of epicenter) : بنظر میرسه ادامه فعالیت گسل قطور یا فعالیت جدیدی از گسل تبریز باشه (reported through EMSC)  
Khvoy (Iran (Islamic Republic of), 41 km E of epicenter) : خوی لرزید (reported through EMSC)  
(Iran (Islamic Republic of), 33 km SE of epicenter) : Heaven was sewn to earth, Black out fell upon everywhere; the apocalypse was here! (reported through EMSC)  
Salmās (Iran (Islamic Republic of), 33 km SE of epicenter) : خیلی شدید بود خیلی (reported through EMSC)  
Salmās (Iran (Islamic Republic of), 33 km SE of epicenter) : Very bad خیلی وحشتناک بود (reported through EMSC)  
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Aftershocks

More info

Recorded aftershocks, latest first (392 quakes)

  • 23 Apr 2020 08:37 UTC
    | M 2.1 |
    7 km (4.3 mi) depth
    |
    9 km (5 mi) distance
    | EMSC | Details
  • 23 Apr 2020 07:04 UTC
    | M 3.4 |
    8 km (5 mi) depth
    |
    7 km (4 mi) distance
    | EMSC | Details
  • 23 Apr 2020 06:46 UTC
    | M 3.8 |
    8 km (5 mi) depth
    |
    6 km (4 mi) distance
    | EMSC | Details
  • 21 Apr 2020 17:18 UTC
    | M 2.6 |
    6 km (3.7 mi) depth
    |
    15 km (9 mi) distance
    | IRSC | Details
  • 20 Apr 2020 21:07 UTC
    | M 3.9 |
    10.6 km (6.6 mi) depth
    |
    27 km (16 mi) distance
    | KOERI-RETMC | Details
  • 20 Apr 2020 16:40 UTC
    | M 2.4 |
    25 km (15.5 mi) depth
    |
    1 km (1 mi) distance
    | EMSC | Details
  • 20 Apr 2020 02:48 UTC
    | M 2.5 |
    6 km (3.7 mi) depth
    |
    21 km (13 mi) distance
    | IRSC | Details
  • 18 Apr 2020 02:10 UTC
    | M 2.1 |
    4 km (2.5 mi) depth
    |
    17 km (10 mi) distance
    | KOERI-RETMC | Details
  • 18 Apr 2020 01:31 UTC
    | M 2.2 |
    5 km (3.1 mi) depth
    |
    11 km (7 mi) distance
    | KOERI-RETMC | Details
  • 17 Apr 2020 10:11 UTC
    | M 2.8 |
    14 km (8.7 mi) depth
    |
    12 km (8 mi) distance
    | IRSC | Details
  • 17 Apr 2020 05:02 UTC
    | M 2.7 |
    10 km (6.2 mi) depth
    |
    10 km (6 mi) distance
    | EMSC | Details
  • 15 Apr 2020 06:17 UTC
    | M 2.5 |
    6 km (3.7 mi) depth
    |
    9 km (6 mi) distance
    | IRSC | Details
  • 14 Apr 2020 17:10 UTC
    | M 2.6 |
    14 km (8.7 mi) depth
    |
    13 km (8 mi) distance
    | EMSC | Details
  • 13 Apr 2020 09:36 UTC
    | M 2.2 |
    7 km (4.3 mi) depth
    |
    16 km (10 mi) distance
    | EMSC | Details
  • 12 Apr 2020 22:26 UTC
    | M 2.7 |
    1.4 km (0.9 mi) depth
    |
    10 km (6 mi) distance
    | KOERI-RETMC | Details
  • 12 Apr 2020 19:20 UTC
    | M 2.6 |
    5 km (3.1 mi) depth
    |
    14 km (9 mi) distance
    | KOERI-RETMC | Details
  • Show all

Earlier earthquakes in the same area

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