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Mag. 5.0 earthquake - North Pacific Ocean, 88 km south of San Miguel, El Salvador, on Friday, Apr 15, 2022, at 04:53 pm (GMT -6)

A strong magnitude 5.0 earthquake occurred in the North Pacific Ocean near the coast of  El Salvador in the afternoon of Friday, Apr 15, 2022 at 4.53 pm local time (GMT -6). The quake had a shallow depth of 69 km (43 mi) and was felt by many near the epicenter.

Mag. 5.0 earthquake - North Pacific Ocean, 88 km south of San Miguel, El Salvador, on Friday, Apr 15, 2022, at 04:53 pm (GMT -6) Mag. 5.0 earthquake - North Pacific Ocean, 88 km south of San Miguel, El Salvador, on Friday, Apr 15, 2022, at 04:53 pm (GMT -6)

Moderate magnitude 5.0 earthquake at 69 km depth

15 Apr 22:57 UTC: First to report: VolcanoDiscovery after 4 minutes.
15 Apr 23:01: Now using data updates from GFZ
15 Apr 23:12: Now using data updates from USGS
16 Apr 20:38: Magnitude recalculated from 5.2 to 5.0. Hypocenter depth recalculated from 67.9 to 68.7 km (from 42 to 43 mi).
Update Fri, 15 Apr 2022, 23:06

Magnitude 4.9 earthquake strikes near San Miguel, Departamento de San Miguel, El Salvador

4.9 quake 15 Apr 4:53 pm (GMT -6)
4.9 quake 15 Apr 4:53 pm (GMT -6)
Just 12 minutes ago, a 4.9-magnitude earthquake struck near San Miguel, Departamento de San Miguel, El Salvador. The tremor was recorded in the afternoon on Friday, April 15th, 2022, at 4:53 pm local time, at an intermediate depth of 75 km below the surface.
The event was filed by the German Research Centre for Geosciences (GFZ), the first seismological agency to report it.
A second report was later issued by the citizen-seismograph network of RaspberryShake, which listed it as a magnitude 4.9 earthquake as well. A third agency, the European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC), reported the same quake at magnitude 5.2.
Based on the preliminary seismic data, the quake should not have caused any significant damage, but was probably felt by many people as light vibration in the area of the epicenter.
Weak shaking might have been felt in Intipuca (pop. 3,500) located 58 km from the epicenter.
Other towns or cities near the epicenter where the quake might have been felt as very weak shaking include San Rafael Oriente (pop. 19,100) located 84 km from the epicenter, Puerto El Triunfo (pop. 19,100) 84 km away, Usulutan (pop. 51,900) 85 km away, and San Miguel (pop. 161,900) 90 km away.
VolcanoDiscovery will automatically update magnitude and depth if these change and follow up if other significant news about the quake become available. If you're in the area, please send us your experience through our reporting mechanism, either online or via our mobile app. This will help us provide more first-hand updates to anyone around the globe who wants to know more about this quake.
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Earthquake details

Date & timeApr 15, 2022 22:53:42 UTC
Local time at epicenterFriday, Apr 15, 2022, at 04:53 pm (GMT -6)
StatusConfirmed
Magnitude5.0
Depth68.7 km
Epicenter latitude / longitude12.6945°N / 88.1591°W North Pacific Ocean, El Salvador
Also near: Nicaragua 56 km (35 mi) away | Honduras 82 km (51 mi) away
Seismic antipode12.6945°S / 91.8409°E
Shaking intensityLight shaking near epicenter
Felt5 reports
Primary data sourceUSGS (United States Geological Survey)
Nearest volcanoCosigüina (71 km / 44 mi)
Weather at epicenter at time of quakeBroken Clouds 28.7°C (84 F), humidity: 75%, wind: 6 m/s (12 kts) from WSW
Estimated seismic energy released2 x 1012 joules (554 megawatt hours, equivalent to 477 tons of TNT) | about seismic energy
Interactive map
[smaller] [bigger]

Nearby places

The closest larger town where the quake might have been felt is San Miguel, a city with more than 160,000 inhabitants in El Salvador, in 88 km (55 mi) distance north of the epicenter. People likely experienced weak shaking there. Several smaller towns and villages are located closer to the epicenter and might have experienced stronger shaking. In the capital of  Honduras, Tegucigalpa, 186 km (115 mi) away from the epicenter, the earthquake was probably felt as weak shaking.
The following table shows some of the places that might have been affected (or not) by the shaking.
Distance Place Max. shaking intensity(*) Region Country
57 km (35 mi)
N of epicenter
Intipuca
(pop: 3,540)
III: Weak
Departamento de La Union
78 km (48 mi)
NW of epicenter
Puerto El Triunfo
(pop: 19,100)
III: Weak
Departamento de Usulutan
79 km (49 mi)
N of epicenter
San Rafael Oriente
(pop: 19,100)
III: Weak
Departamento de San Miguel
88 km (55 mi)
N of epicenter
San Miguel
(pop: 161,900)
III: Weak
Departamento de San Miguel
94 km (58 mi)
N of epicenter
Santiago de Maria
(pop: 15,000)
III: Weak
Departamento de Usulutan
140 km (87 mi)
N of epicenter
Sensuntepeque
(pop: 20,400)
III: Weak
Cabañas
155 km (96 mi)
NW of epicenter
Soyapango
(pop: 329,700)
III: Weak
San Salvador
157 km (98 mi)
NW of epicenter
San Salvador
(pop: 526,000)
III: Weak
San Salvador
163 km (101 mi)
NW of epicenter
Santa Tecla
(pop: 124,700)
III: Weak
Departamento de La Libertad
186 km (115 mi)
NE of epicenter
Tegucigalpa
(pop: 850,800)
III: Weak
Tegucigalpa
Notes:
(*) Shaking intensity according to the Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale (MMI) and estimated using seismic models.

User-reports for this quake (6)

We received 6 reports for this quake.
User reports estimate the perceived ground shaking intensity according to the MMI (Modified Mercalli Intensity) scale.
Contribute:
Leave a comment if you find a particular report interesting or want to add to it.
Flag as inappropriate.
Mark as helpful or interesting.
Send your own user report!
Translate
San Salvador Airport / Light shaking (MMI IV) / horizontal (sideways) swinging / 10-15 s : Sitting at the airport food court, we felt sideways shaking and saw plastic covid barriers rocking back and forth.  
San Pedro Nanualco / Moderate shaking (MMI V) / rattling, vibrating / 2-5 s (reported through our app)
El transito / Weak shaking (MMI III) / horizontal (sideways) swinging / 2-5 s
Ciudad Pacifica, San Miguel. / Weak shaking (MMI III) / 5-10 s
San Salvador / Weak shaking (MMI III) / horizontal (sideways) swinging / 5-10 s
House / not felt

What is Intensity and the Mercalli Intensity Scale?


The amount of shaking that occurs on the surface due to an earthquake is called the intensity. It is commonly measured on the so-called Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale (MMI) ranging from 1 (not felt) to 10 (extreme shaking), and given in Roman numerals as I,II,...IX, X, and often displayed with color codes ranging from light blue to dark red.
Earthquake intensity depends mainly on the magnitude and depth of the quake as well as the distance from the epicenter: The further away, the less shaking intensity occurs.
Read more about the MMI scale!

Compare Quake Data

Data for the same earthquake as reported by different agencies

The more agencies report about the same quake and post similar data, the more confidence you can have in the data. It takes normally up to a few hours until earthquake parameters are calculated with near-optimum precision.
Mag Depth Time GMT
2022-04-15
Epicenter Agency
5.0 69 km
43 mi
22:53:42 56 Km SSW of Intipucá, El Salvador USGS (United States Geological Survey)
5.2 65 km
40 mi
22:53:42 NEAR COAST OF NICARAGUA
8.4 km (5.2 mi) epicenter difference with USGS
EMSC (European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre)
5.0 69 km
43 mi
22:53:42 Nicaragua: Off Coast of Central America
0 km (0 mi) epicenter difference with USGS
RaspberryShake (RaspberryShake)
5.3 36 km
22 mi
22:53:40 75 Km Al Sur De Playa El Cuco, El Salvador
23 km (15 mi) epicenter difference with USGS
INETER
4.9 86 km
53 mi
22:53:44 Near Coast of Nicaragua
27 km (17 mi) epicenter difference with USGS
GFZ (German Research Centre for Geosciences)
5.3 82 km
51 mi
22:53:44 Near Coast of Nicaragua
26 km (16 mi) epicenter difference with USGS
GeoAu (Geoscience Australia )

Seismograms

Seismic station: Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico (TEIG/IU network) | Distance from quake: 838 km / 520 mi | Show on map | Station Info
Seismic station Tepich, Yucatan, Mexico: vertical movement plot around time of quake (source: IRIS/BUD)
Seismogram (vertical component) around time of quake. Thin dotted red line indicates time of quake. Seismic waves arrive some time later, depending on distance. Bandpass filter applied: 0.02-5.0 Hz. Source: IRIS Buffer of Uniform Data (BUD) webtool
Show more

Aftershocks for this quake

No aftershocks have been recorded so far. When aftershocks are detected, we will update this section.

What are aftershocks?


Larger earthquakes (above magnitude 5 or so) such as this one are usually followed by smaller ones known as aftershocks that occur in the same area during the days, weeks, months or even years after the main shock.
[More info]

What about this quake?


Based on its magnitude, the fault that was active during the quake likely ruptured beneath a surface of approx. 10 km2 (=4 sqare miles) as a first-order estimate. The length of the rupture zone thus was probably around 5 km (3 mi).
[More info]


Recorded aftershocks, latest first (0 quake)

Date and Time GMTMag
Depth
DistanceRegionDetails
Apr 15, 2022 04:53 pm (GMT -6)
1 year 46 weeks ago - felt
5.0

69 km
0 km - This quakeNorth Pacific Ocean, 88 km S of San Miguel, El Salvador
Main Shock (this quake)
More

Map of aftershocks

Earthquake statistics

Average number of earthquakes

Based on data from the past 10 years and our earthquake archive back to 1900, there are about 7,600 quakes on average per year in the area near the epicenter of this quake (within 100 km/61 mi):
  • Mag. 7 or higher: 0.06 quakes per year (or 1 quake every 17.9 years)
  • Mag. 6 or higher: 0.19 quakes per year (or 1 quake every 5.4 years)
  • Mag. 5 or higher: 3.7 quakes per year
  • Mag. 4 or higher: 70 quakes per year
  • Mag. 3 or higher: 351 quakes per year (or 29.2 quakes per month)
  • Mag. 2 or higher: 710 quakes per year (or 59 quakes per month)
  • Mag. 1 or higher: 747 quakes per year (or 62 quakes per month)
The area where this quake occurred has a very high level of seismic activity. It has had at least 7 quakes above magnitude 7 since 1900, which suggests that larger earthquakes of this size occur infrequently, probably on average approximately every 15 to 20 years.

Number of quakes per year

Previous quakes in the same area of this earthquake

Map of earlier quakes in the area of this quake

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Map to embed or share

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