BackgroundThe dacitic East Diamante submarine volcano contains an elongated NE-SW-trending caldera with a pronounced rim on the NE side. A large post-caldera cone lies on the SW caldera rim, and a complex of lava domes was constructed in the center of the caldera. Several areas of hydrothermal activity including "black smoker" sulfide chimneys at the Black Forest site were detected on the central dome complex at depths of only a few hundred meters. These marked the shallowest black smokers yet discovered. The summit of the submarine volcano extends to within 127 m of the sea surface.
Smithsonian / GVP volcano information
See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS