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Kilauea ηφαίστειο

Τελευταία ανανενώση: 5 Φεβρουαρίου 2023 02:41 GMT -
Shield volcano 1277 m (4,190 ft)
Hawai'i, 19.41°N / -155.29°W
Current status: έκρηξη (4 out of 5)
Last update: 4 Feb 2023 (floating islands within eastern lava lake being submerged)
Haleamaumau crater in the center of the Kilauea caldera - the heart of Kilauea volcano
Haleamaumau crater in the center of the Kilauea caldera - the heart of Kilauea volcano

Kilauea is the youngest and most active Hawaiian shield volcano, located on the southern part of the Island of Hawai'i, known as Big Island. Hawai'i is the southernmost and largest of the island chain, which owes its existence to the very active Hawaiian hot spot.
Kilauea volcano is near-constantly erupting from vents either on its summit (caldera) or on the rift zones. At present, Kilauea volcano is still having one of the most long-lived eruptions known on earth, which started in 1983 on the eastern rift zone and has mainly been concentrated at the Pu'u 'O'o vent.

Διαδραστικός χάρτης
Typical eruption style: Dominantly effusive since 1790, but ~60% explosive over past ~2500 years.
Kilauea ηφαίστειο εκρήξεις: Near-continuous eruptions. Since 1960: 1961 (4x), 1962, 1963 (2x), 1965 (2x), 1967-68, 1968 (2x), 1969, 1969-74, 1971 (2x), 1973 (2x), 1974 (3x), 1975, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1982 (2x), 1983-2018 (incl. 1986, 1992, 1997, 2007, 2011 (3x)), 2018 (lower east rift zone in Leilani subdivision), 2020 (Dec) - 2022 (Nov), 2023 (Jan) - ongoing

Latest nearby earthquakes

ΏραMag. / ΒάθοςΑπόσταση/Τοποθεσία
Κυριακή, 5 Φεβρουαρίου 2023 GMT (1 σεισμός)
4 Φεβ 2023 15:55 (GMT -10) (5 Φεβ 2023 01:55 GMT)
2.0

31 km
20 km (12 mi)
10.3 km βορειοανατολικά από Pāhala, Hawaii County, Χαβάη, Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες
Σάββατο, 4 Φεβρουαρίου 2023 GMT (1 σεισμός)
4 Φεβ 2023 07:02 (GMT -10) (4 Φεβ 2023 17:02 GMT)
2.1

35 km
35 km (22 mi)
5.3 km νοτιοδυτικά από Pāhala, Hawaii County, Χαβάη, Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες
Τρίτη, 31 Ιανουαρίου 2023 GMT (4 σεισμοί)
30 Ιαν 2023 22:02 (GMT -10) (31 Ιαν 2023 08:02 GMT)
3.3

32 km
25 km (16 mi)
67 km νοτιοδυτικά από Χίλο, Hawaii County, Χαβάη, Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες
30 Ιαν 2023 14:57 (GMT -10) (31 Ιαν 2023 00:57 GMT)
3.1

31 km
21 km (13 mi)
43 km νοτιοανατολικά από Hawaii , Χαβάη, Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες
30 Ιαν 2023 22:02 (GMT -10) (31 Ιαν 2023 08:02 GMT)
3.3

32 km
25 km (16 mi)
67 km νοτιοδυτικά από Χίλο, Hawaii County, Χαβάη, Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες
30 Ιαν 2023 14:57 (GMT -10) (31 Ιαν 2023 00:57 GMT)
3.1

31 km
21 km (13 mi)
43 km νοτιοανατολικά από Hawaii , Χαβάη, Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες

Background

Kilauea volcano, a youthful shield volcano, sitting on the south east flank of the massive Mauna Loa shield volcano, is the youngest volcano (on land) of the Hawaiian hot spot and not only the most active volcano of Hawaii but at the same time also the world's active volcano. It has been in near-constant activity since there is oral or written history and it is having an uninterrupted eruption since 1983 (at present at the Pu'u 'O'o vent on the East rift zone).

Its eruptions are prominent in Hawaiian Polynesian legends and written documentation about its activity go back to only 1820s when it started to attract interested visitor from all over the world and bacame one of volcanology's hot spots.

Kilauea has a large summit caldera with a central crater, Halemaumau, which is according to Hawaiian legends the home of the fire goddess Pele. Until 1924, it contained a lava lake. Kilauea has frequent summit and flank lava flow eruptions that are occurring along two elongated rift zones to the south-west and to the east, which extend to the sea on both sides of the volcano. The 3 x 5 km caldera was formed in several stages about 1500 years ago. About 90% of the surface of the basaltic shield volcano is formed of lava flows less than about 1100 years old; 70% of the volcano's surface is younger than 600 years. The long-term eruption from the East rift zone that began in 1983 has produced lava flows covering more than 100 sq km, destroying nearly 200 houses and adding new coastline to the island.

Kilauea Φωτογραφίες




See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS

Kilauea volcano tours

Oahu-Kauai-Maui-Hawai'i (USA)
Hawaii - Birthplace of Islands
14 days walking and study tour to Oahu, Kauai, Maui, Hawai'i
14 days / 13 nights - Μέτρια
Price 4990 €
31 Aug - 13 Sep 2023
Big Island, Hawaiʻi (USA)
Pele´s Fire and Myths
7 days walking tour exploring Kilauea´s historic eruption sites, Hawai'i
7 days / 6 nights - Custom (variable)
Price $ 3470
Custom and group dates
Sat, 4 Feb 2023, 17:51

Kilauea volcano update: floating islands within eastern lava lake being submerged

Fountaining activity at the western fissure vent (image: HVO)
The effusive activity within the Halemaʻumaʻu crater floor continues. ... Read all
Fri, 3 Feb 2023, 05:45

Kilauea volcano update: eastern lava lake crusted to form two lava patches, currently being back to origin full-scale size

Night-time view of both luminous lava lakes at Kilauea volcano (image: USGS)
The effusive eruption within the Halemaʻumaʻu crater continues with little changes as it's being seen waned over the past two days. ... Read all
Satellite photo of Kilauea volcano, showing the summit caldera and parts of its east rift zone with the active vent Pu'u 'O'o.
Satellite photo of Kilauea volcano, showing the summit caldera and parts of its east rift zone with the active vent Pu'u 'O'o.
Three-dimesional view of Kilauea volcano based on satellite imagery.
Three-dimesional view of Kilauea volcano based on satellite imagery.

Map of Kilauea volcano, Big Island Hawai'i
Map of Kilauea volcano, Big Island Hawai'i
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