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Pico de Orizaba ηφαίστειο

Stratovolcano 5675 m / 18,619 ft
Central Mexico, 19.03°N / -97.27°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)

Pico de Orizaba volcano (Volcán Citlaltépetl) is a large active stratovolcano, Mexico's highest mountain and the highest volcano of North America. It is located at the southern end of Citlaltépetl–Cofre de Perote Volcanic Range, and the only volcano in this area with historic activity.
Historical eruptions have consisted of moderate explosive activity and the effusion of dacitic lava flows. The latest eruption of the volcano were in 1545, 1566, 1630 and 1687.

Διαδραστικός χάρτης
Typical eruption style: Εκρηκτικός
Pico de Orizaba ηφαίστειο εκρήξεις: 1157(?), 1175, 1187(?), 1260, 1351(?), 1533-39(?), 1545-55, 1566, 1569-89, 1613, 1687, 1846
Lastest nearby earthquakes:
ΏραMag. / ΒάθοςΑπόσταση/Τοποθεσία
Πέμπτη, 26 Μαΐου 2022 GMT (1 σεισμός)
26 Μαΐ 2022 07:09 (GMT -5) (26 Μαΐ 2022 12:09 GMT)
4.0

44 km
126 km (78 mi)
Central Mexico
Τετάρτη, 18 Μαΐου 2022 GMT (1 σεισμός)
18 Μαΐ 2022 16:04 (GMT -5) (18 Μαΐ 2022 21:04 GMT)
3.4

3 km
51 km (32 mi)
Mexico: 10 Km Al SURESTE De TECAMACHALCO, PUE
Παρασκευή, 13 Μαΐου 2022 GMT (1 σεισμός)
13 Μαΐ 2022 16:51 (GMT -5) (13 Μαΐ 2022 21:51 GMT)
3.4

26 km
172 km (107 mi)
Mexico: 9 Km Al NOROESTE De YECAPIXTLA, MOR

Background

Pico de Orizaba volcano was formed in 3 stages beginning during the mid-Pleistocene. Orizaba lies at the southern end of a volcanic chain extending north to Cofre de Perote volcano and towers up to 4400 m above its eastern base. Construction of the initial Torrecillas and Espolón de Oro volcanoes was contemporaneous with growth of Sierra Negra volcano on the SW flank and was followed by edifice collapses that produced voluminous debris avalanches and lahars. The modern Citlaltépetl volcano was constructed during the late Pleistocene and Holocene of viscous andesitic and dacitic lavas, forming the current steep-sided cone. Repetitive explosive eruptions beginning during the early Holocene accompanied lava dome growth and lava effusion.

Pico de Orizaba Φωτογραφίες

Pico de Orizaba as seen from a plane. It is currently a dormant volcano having last erupted in 1846 but at 5564m asl it is also the highest peak in Mexico and the highest volcano of North America. (Photo: RGoadPhotography)
Pico de Orizaba as seen from a plane. It is currently a dormant volcano having last erupted in 1846 but at 5564m asl it is also the highest peak in Mexico and the highest...
 



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